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  1. Iron-overloaded patients are recognized as presenting an increased risk of osteoporosis. However, studies on the correlation between osteoporosis and organ iron overload are controversial or scarce. The aim of...

    Authors: Zaizhu Zhang, Bo Hou, Guiying Du, Pengtao Sun, Wenmin Guan, Qiang Lin, Bing Han and Wei Yu
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2023 23:2
  2. Osteoporosis (OP) and diabetes mellitus (DM) are two major healthcare issues in the world. Numerous population based-studies have reported an increased prevalence of OP among individuals with DM, though, estim...

    Authors: Xueying Liu, Fuhua Chen, Lei Liu and Qiu Zhang
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2023 23:1
  3. COVID-19 has different manifestations from respiratory to GI problems, and some of them are more common, but some are rare. Reporting rare cases can significantly advance our understanding of the disease.

    Authors: Delaram Eskandari, Amir Ziaee, Abdollah Amirfarhangi Anbardan, Elahe Zeinali and Atefe Tirkan
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:336
  4. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is an endocrine-metabolic disorder that affects women at their child bearing age. The exact etiology is uncertain, however the involvement of multiple genes and environmental i...

    Authors: Sukhjashanpreet Singh, Mandeep Kaur, Ratneev Kaur, Archana Beri and Anupam Kaur
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:335
  5. Identifying the risk factors leading to hypertension can help explain why some populations are at a greater risk for developing hypertension than others. The present study seeks to identify the association bet...

    Authors: Farid Najafi, Mehdi Moradinazar, Shahab Rezayan, Reza Azarpazhooh and Parastoo Jamshidi
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:334
  6. This study aimed to investigate the association between sleep duration and bone mineral density (BMD) and determine whether vitamin D (VD) status influenced the association between sleep duration and BMD.

    Authors: Yuchen Tang, Jinmin Liu, Zhiwei Feng, Zhongcheng Liu, Shenghong Wang, Yayi Xia and Bin Geng
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:333
  7. Socioeconomic status (SES) strongly predicts morbidity and premature mortality, especially for non-communicable diseases (NCDs). However, the effect of these factors on Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) is not clear yet....

    Authors: Nader Saki, Seyed Jalal Hashemi, Seyed Ahmad Hosseini, Zahra Rahimi, Fakher Rahim and Bahman Cheraghian
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:332
  8. The prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) was higher in primary aldosteronism (PA) patients. We aimed to evaluate the outcome of DM after adrenalectomy and determine the factors associated with that in PA patie...

    Authors: Yu Liu, Lede Lin, Chi Yuan, Sikui Shen, Yin Tang, Zhihong Liu, Yuchun Zhu and Liang Zhou
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:331
  9. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) adversely affects reproduction. We aimed to study the effect of a high-fat diet (HFD), supplemented with apple vinegar, on folliculogenesis in a rat model of NAFLD.

    Authors: Fahimeh Shams, Monireh Aghajani-nasab, Mahsa Ramezanpour, Razieh Habibipour Fatideh and Fahimeh Mohammadghasemi
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:330
  10. Dietary diversity score has long been recognized as a key component of diets quality balances for healthy life status. However, diets with more variety of food items might increase calorie intake and body weig...

    Authors: Belay Zawdie, Temamen Tesfaye, Solomon Berhanu Moges, Yonas Tesfaye, Ayantu Kebede, Mulualem Tadesse, Esayas Kebede Gudina, Lelisa Sena Dadi, Dessalegn Tamiru and Tefera Belachew Lemma
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:328
  11. The hallmark of hyperparathyroidism is hypersecretion of parathyroid hormone (PTH) which results in hypercalcemia and hypophosphatemia. While hypercalcemia due to malignancy is often brought about by PTH-relat...

    Authors: Haruka Takenouchi, Takatoshi Anno, Ayaka Harada, Hayato Isobe, Yukiko Kimura, Fumiko Kawasaki, Kohei Kaku, Koichi Tomoda, Hideyo Fujiwara and Hideaki Kaneto
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:327
  12. Research on residual cholesterol (RC) and diabetic retinopathy (DR) remains limited. As a result, the current study was designed to investigate the relationship between RC and DR in patients with type 2 diabet...

    Authors: Wushan Pan, Yong Han, Haofei Hu and Yongcheng He
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:326
  13. Thyrotropin-secreting pituitary neuroendocrine tumors (PitNETs) are rare pituitary adenomas that are occasionally accompanied by hypersecretion of other anterior pituitary hormones, such as growth hormone (GH)...

    Authors: Guiliang Peng, Chuanhong Guo, Yangfan Lv, Dandan Li, Ling Zhou, Rufei Shen, Yong Chen, Xin Zheng, Zheng Sun, Hongting Zheng and Min Long
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:325
  14. Familial hypocalciuric hypercalcaemia (FHH) is a rare, inherited disorder of extracellular calcium sensing. It is clinically characterised by mild to moderate parathyroid hormone dependent hypercalcaemia, an a...

    Authors: Aoife Courtney, Arnold Hill, Diarmuid Smith and Amar Agha
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:324
  15. The goal of this study was to see whether there was a link between the monocyte/high-density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio (MHR) and carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) in people with type 2 diabetes.

    Authors: Atefeh Amouzegar, Zahra Mirzaasgari, Ali Mehrabi, Mojtaba Malek, Fariba Alaei-Shahmiri, Laily Najafi and Alireza Khajavi
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:323
  16. Juvenile primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) is a rare endocrine disease. Its diagnosis might be masked by clinical, biochemical, and radiological features of rickets.

    Authors: Sara MohammedAhmed Gafar, Ghassan Faisal Fadlalbari, Asmahan T. Abdalla, Sawsan Abdel Rahim Mohammed, Mohammed Khalid Alrasheed, Isam Ahmed Taha and Mohamed Ahmed Abdullah
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:322
  17. Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF)is challenging. Patients usually have normal LV size and ejection fraction. This clinical syndrome develops from a complex interaction of several risk fact...

    Authors: Ahmed Hamam, Mahmoud Abou-Omar, Hanem Rabah, Haidy Khattab and Ahmed Alaarag
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:321
  18. Regarding the increased prevalence of obesity among children and adolescents, and the impact of obesity on insulin resistance (IR) and other metabolic disorders, this study was performed to determine the assoc...

    Authors: Elnaz Daneshzad, Sayeh Rostami, Fatemeh Aghamahdi, Armita Mahdavi-Gorabi and Mostafa Qorbani
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:320
  19. Liver dysfunction is a common complication of Graves’ disease (GD) that may be caused by excessive thyroid hormone (TH) or anti-thyroid drugs (ATDs). Radioactive iodine (RAI) therapy is one of the first-line t...

    Authors: Yuyang Ze, Fei Shao, Xuefeng Feng, Shanmei Shen, Yan Bi, Dalong Zhu and Xiaowen Zhang
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:319
  20. Hyperglycemia is rising globally and its associated complications impose heavy health and economic burden on the countries. Developing effective survey-based screening tools for hyperglycemia using reliable su...

    Authors: Pooyan Moradifar, Hossein Amini and Mohammad Meskarpour Amiri
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:316
  21. Features of metabolic syndrome such as abdominal obesity, insulin resistance, hypertension and dyslipidemia are commonly encountered in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Recent evidence has suggested an associ...

    Authors: Mervat M El-Eshmawy, Asmaa Ibrahim, Rania Bahriz, Nermeen Shams-Eldin and Nancy Mahsoub
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:315
  22. Diabetes self-management education is exposed to attrition from services and structured ambulatory care. However, knowledge about factors related to attrition in educational programs remains limited. The conte...

    Authors: Anna Flaus-Furmaniuk, Adrian Fianu, Victorine Lenclume, Emmanuel Chirpaz, Maryvette Balcou-Debussche, Xavier Debussche and Catherine Marimoutou
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:314
  23. The severity of liver fibrosis is an important predictor of death in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, there is still no definite conclusion ...

    Authors: Weiwei He, Caoxin Huang, Liying Wang, Weijuan Su, Shunhua Wang, Peiying Huang, Xiaofang Zhang, Yinxiang Huang, Yan Zhao, Mingzhu Lin, Xiulin Shi and Xuejun Li
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:313
  24. The corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) challenge test can distinguish the disorders of the hypothalamus from those of the pituitary. However, the pathophysiology of hypothalamic disorder (HD) has not been f...

    Authors: Yuji Hataya, Marie Okubo, Takuro Hakata, Kanta Fujimoto, Toshio Iwakura and Naoki Matsuoka
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:312
  25. Diabetic retinopathy is a complication of diabetes affecting the eyes and can lead to blindless if left untreated. Several significant risk factors have been reported for DR, of which several can be classified...

    Authors: Mike Trott, Robin Driscoll and Shahina Pardhan
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:311
  26. Insulinoma is an uncommon insulin-secreting neuroendocrine tumor that presents with severe recurrent hypoglycemia. Although cases of extrapancreatic insulinomas have been reported, the majority of insulinomas ...

    Authors: Michelle P. Walker, Vikram Shenoy, David C. Metz, Charles A. Stanley, Douglas Fraker, Vinay Chandrasekhara and Anastassia Amaro
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:310
  27. The novel coronavirus COVID-19 has caused a global pandemic with many long-ranging effects on the physiological balance of the human body. The impact of COVID-19 on the thyroid axis remains uncertain. Our aim ...

    Authors: Mamudul Hasan Razu, Md. Iqbal Hossain, Zabed Bin Ahmed, Mousumi Bhowmik, Md. Kazy Ebnul Hasan, Md. Kaderi Kibria, Dil Afroj Moni and Mala Khan
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:309
  28. Osteoporosis is a very common bone disease in the elderly population and can lead to fractures and disability. Malnutrition can lead to osteoporosis. The geriatric nutritional risk index (GNRI) is a tool used ...

    Authors: Yuanyuan JI, Nan Geng, Yingchun Niu, Hang Zhao, Wenjie Fei, Shuchun Chen and Lu ping Ren
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:308
  29. Diabetic kidney disease (DKD) is highly prevalent among patients with diabetes mellitus. It affects approximately 20% of diabetic patients, who are believed to be more than 400 million individuals. The objecti...

    Authors: Hassan Ali Abdelwahid, Hesham Mohamed Dahlan, Gassem Maoudhah Mojemamy and Gasem Hussein Darraj
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:307
  30. Adropin is a potent metabolic regulator of insulin sensitivity and glycolipid metabolism. The present study investigated the effects of sitagliptin on adropin and metabolic parameters in participants with newl...

    Authors: Qiu Wang, Yu An, Lin Zhang, Yuanying Zhang, Guang Wang and Jia Liu
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:306
  31. Meteorin-like (Metrnl) is a newly discovered adipomyokine that regulates systemic energy homeostasis. Both thyroid hormones and Metrnl increase energy expenditure and induce browning of adipose tissue. Thus, t...

    Authors: Xiaohui Wen, Xiaoyu Ding, Xiaona Chang, Jiaxuan Wang, Qiu Wang, Jia Liu and Guang Wang
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:304
  32. Low Magnesium (Mg) dietary intake has been associated with increased risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Furthermore, in patients with T2DM, hypomagnesemia is associated with worst glycaemic control. Bariatr...

    Authors: Silva MM, Neves JS, Borges-Canha M, Mendes AP, Fonseca MJ, Mendonça F, Ferreira MJ, Salazar D, Pedro J, Guerreiro V, Lau E, Varela A, Freitas P and Carvalho D
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:303
  33. Data is inconsistent and, for the most part, not sufficient to demonstrate the association between serum Prolactin (PRL) concentration within the physiologic range and the incidence rate of type 2 Diabetes Mel...

    Authors: Atrin Niknam, Fatemeh Mahboobifard, Maryam Rahmati, Faezeh Firouzi, Ehsan Rojhani, Fereidoun Azizi and Fahimeh Ramezani Tehrani
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:302
  34. Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is one of the most severe acute complications of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). Patients with DKA of different severities may have different clinical manifestations, serum biochem...

    Authors: Qingxu Liu, Xiaoqin Yin and Pin Li
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:301
  35. 17α-hydroxylase deficiency (17OHD) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder. Aldosterone levels are usually low in patients with 17OHD. However, among the approximately 150 cases of 17OHD reported to date, aldos...

    Authors: Yuki Ishinoda, Asuka Uto, Yoshifumi Yamada, Maki Okazaki, Hidetomo Asada, Seina Wakamatsu, Isao Kurihara, Hironori Shibata, Tomohiro Ishii, Tomonobu Hasegawa, Hiroo Kumagai and Akira Kasuga
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:300
  36. GnRHa treatment was established for improving final adult height (FAH) in children presenting with Idiopathic central precocious puberty (ICPP) up to age 8, while several controversies remained for older age g...

    Authors: Ming-ming Ni, Shu-ting Yang, Wen-wen Wu, Shan-shan Wang, Man Li, Qing-qing Liu and Xing Ji
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:299
  37. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is diagnosed based on chronic anovulation, androgen excess (clinical and/or biochemical), and polycystic ovaries in ultrasound. The aim of the present study was to evaluate whi...

    Authors: Asieh Mansour, Amir Pejman Hashemi Taheri, Behnaz Moradi, Mohammad Reza Mohajeri-Tehrani, Mostafa Qorbani, Sahar Ghorbani Pashakolaee, Milad Sanginabadi and Sayed Mahmoud Sajjadi-Jazi
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:298
  38. Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a fast-growing health problem that imposes an enormous economic burden. Several studies demonstrated the association between physical inactivity and predicting the incidence of diabet...

    Authors: Abdelrahman A. Jamiel, Husam I. Ardah, Amjad M. Ahmed and Mouaz H. Al-Mallah
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:297
  39. Type 2 Diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is one of the most common endocrine diseases that weakens the immune system. Candida albicans, is part of the natural oral flora and increases in cases of compromised immune system...

    Authors: Atefe Halimi, Nazanin Mortazavi, Ali Memarian, Maryam Zahedi, Farhad Niknejad, Ahmad Sohrabi and Shakiba Javadian Sarraf
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:296
  40. Sodium-Glucose-Co-Transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitor (Empagliflozin) is an effective drug in controlling blood glucose through predominantly glycosuria. Glycosuria increases the risk of genitourinary infections i...

    Authors: Azizul Hasan Aamir, Umar Yousaf Raja, Faisal Masood Qureshi, Ali Asghar, Saeed Ahmed Mahar, Ibrar Ahmed, Tahir Ghaffar, Jamal Zafar, Mohammad Imtiaz Hasan, Amna Riaz, Syed Abbas Raza, Irshad Ahmed Khosa, Jahanzeb Khan and Jaffer Bin Baqar
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:295
  41. To explore facilitators and barriers to self-management engagement of Chinese people with poorly controlled type 2 diabetes.

    Authors: Yuan Liu, Jiajia Jiang, Wenjun You, Dandan Gong, Xiaoqing Ma, Min Wu and Feng Li
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:294
  42. Tumor infiltration with cytotoxic CD8+ T-cells is associated with a favorable outcome in several neoplasms, including thyroid cancer. The chemokine axis CXCR4/SDF-1 correlates with more aggressive tumors, but ...

    Authors: Alexander Wilhelm, Isabelle Lemmenmeier, Alexandros Lalos, Alberto Posabella, Venkatesh Kancherla, Salvatore Piscuoglio, Tarik Delko, Markus von Flüe, Kathrin Glatz and Raoul André Droeser
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:292
  43. Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICI) targeting cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated protein 4 (CTLA-4), programmed cell death protein 1 and its ligand (PD-1/PD-L1) have become the current standard-of-care for advan...

    Authors: Jeroen M. K. de Filette, Stéphanie André, Lynn De Mey, Sandrine Aspeslagh, Rafik Karmali, Bart J Van der Auwera and Bert Bravenboer
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:291
  44. Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a chronic, progressive lifestyle disease and the most rapidly growing health challenge of the twenty-first century. The American Diabetes Association recommends that T2D reversal can b...

    Authors: Chhavi Goyal Mehra, Annie Mattilda Raymond and Rekha Prabhu
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:290
  45. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine disorder with heterogeneous aetiology. It is characterized by irregular menses and or oligo/anovulation, hyper-androgenism, and polycystic ovaries. The pr...

    Authors: I. Ranathunga, T. G. Athukorala, M. R. Sumanatilleke and N. P. Somasundaram
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:289

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