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  1. Toy slime is popular in Korea, and in parallel, pre-pubertal girls visit hospitals for early pubertal signs. Thus far, numerous studies have investigated the association of endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs...

    Authors: Mi Seon Lee, Gi Min Lee, Cheol Woo Ko and Jung Eun Moon
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:190
  2. We aimed to examine the associations between the risk of decreased renal function, obesity, and weight changes in Korean type 2 diabetic patients with normal renal function.

    Authors: Bo-Yeon Kim, Dug-Hyun Choi, Chan-Hee Jung, Ji-Oh Mok and Chul-Hee Kim
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:188
  3. Double Diabetes (DD), type 1 diabetes (T1DM) + insulin resistance (IR), is associated with increased risk of micro/macro-vascular complications and mortality. Obesity can contribute to the development of DD. T...

    Authors: Nathan WP Cantley, Kathryn Lonnen, Ioannis Kyrou, Abd A Tahrani and Hassan Kahal
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:187
  4. Regarding the inconclusive results of previous investigations, this study aimed to determine the association between pathology, as a possible predictor, with remission outcomes, to know the role of pathology i...

    Authors: Maryam Dehghani, Zahra Davoodi, Farahnaz Bidari, Amin Momeni Moghaddam, Davood Khalili, Hooman Bahrami-Motlagh, Elena Jamali, Shahram Alamdari, Farhad Hosseinpanah, Mehdi Hedayati and Majid Valizadeh
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:186
  5. Cushing’s disease (CD) is defined as hypercortisolemia caused by adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)-secreting pituitary adenomas (corticotroph PA) that afflicts humans and dogs. In order to map common aberrant...

    Authors: Andrew Wang, Stewart G. Neill, Scott Newman, Marianna A. Tryfonidou, Adriana Ioachimescu, Michael R. Rossi, Björn P. Meij and Nelson M. Oyesiku
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:185
  6. There is no clear conclusion on the relationship between thyroid disease and obesity and lifestyle factors such as smoking and drinking. In this study, we analysed the association of body mass index (BMI), smo...

    Authors: Xiao Chen, Juan-juan Wang, Li Yu, Han-yu Wang and Hui Sun
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:184
  7. The development of obesity is most likely due to a combination of biological and environmental factors some of which might still be unidentified. We used a machine learning technique to examine the relative im...

    Authors: Gudrún Höskuldsdóttir, My Engström, Araz Rawshani, Ville Wallenius, Frida Lenér, Lars Fändriks, Karin Mossberg and Björn Eliasson
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:183
  8. Obesity is associated with the development of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and contributes substantially to metabolic abnormalities in women with PCOS. The study aimed to describe and compare the practices...

    Authors: Ruilin Ma, Ying Zou, Wei Wang, Qingmei Zheng, Ying Feng, Han Dong, Zhangyun Tan, Xiaoqin Zeng, Yinqing Zhao, Yan Deng, Yanfang Wang and Aijun Sun
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:182
  9. In order to recommend the optimal type of exercise for type 2 diabetes prevention, different exercise interventions were compared with respect to their effects on glycemic control and insulin resistance.

    Authors: Li Huang, Yingjie Fang and Lijun Tang
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:181
  10. Tramadol is a synthetic opioid and poisoning is increasing around the world day by day. Various treatments are applied for tramadol poisoning. Due to the unknown effects of tramadol poisoning and some of its t...

    Authors: Samaneh Nakhaee, Khadijeh Farrokhfall, Ebrahim Miri-Moghaddam, Masoumeh Askari, Alireza Amirabadizadeh, Mohsen Foadoddini and Omid Mehrpour
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:180
  11. Rash and cholestatic liver injury caused by methimazole (MMI) in patients with Turner syndrome (TS) and Graves’s disease (GD) are rarely reported, and there is a paucity of reports on the management of this co...

    Authors: Jinhui Zeng, Fangtao Luo, Zhihua Lin, Yinghong Chen, Xiaoyun Wang and Yuanhao Song
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:179
  12. Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is one of the most serious microvascular complications of diabetes, valsartan and α-lipoic acid alone or in combination has been used for the treatment of patients with DN. However, s...

    Authors: Fangfang Sun, Deqi Jiang and Juanjuan Cai
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:178
  13. Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) secreting pituitary adenoma (TSHoma) with coexisting thyroid cancer is extremely rare, and proper treatment of both diseases may pose a unique clinical challenge. When TSHoma ...

    Authors: Jee Hee Yoon, Wonsuk Choi, Ji Yong Park, A Ram Hong, Sung Sun Kim, Hee Kyung Kim and Ho-Cheol Kang
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:177
  14. To explore the association between metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its component and thyroid volume in Chinese adolescents, and to compare the detection rate of MetS under the three different diagnostic criteria.

    Authors: Yang Xiao, Jingjing Mao, Xiaodong Mao, Qifeng Wang, Xingjia Li, Guofang Chen, Ling Guo, Huaying Huang, Yiming Mu, Shuhang Xu and Chao Liu
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:176
  15. To explore the prevalence and its associated metabolic factors of thyroid nodules (TNs) among subjects who participated in the physical examinations in Chongqing, China.

    Authors: Li Xu, Fanling Zeng, Yutong Wang, Ye Bai, Xuefeng Shan and Lingxi Kong
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:175
  16. Several studies have investigated the association between dietary protein and the risk of diabetic nephropathy (DN); however, there is no agreement on the type of dietary protein sources that might increase th...

    Authors: Monireh Aziz, Yahya Jalilpiran, Mehdi Nekouimehr, Shaahin Fattahi, Pari Mokhtari, Ahmad Jayedi, Mir Saeed Yekaninejad and Khadijeh Mirzaei
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:174
  17. Sleeve gastrectomy (SG) is a profoundly effective operation for severe obese patients, but is closely associated with bone mass loss. Previous studies have reported changes of various serum factors which may b...

    Authors: Ying Xue, Ran Li, Yong Zhao, Ling Li and Yun Zhou
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:173
  18. The Mauriac syndrome was described in 1930 as a peculiar combination of poorly controlled diabetes mellitus type 1, stunted growth and glycogenic hepatopathy. More recently, lactic acidosis was recognized as a...

    Authors: Brice Touilloux, Henri Lu, Belinda Campos-Xavier, Andrea Superti-Furga, Michael Hauschild, Thérèse Bouthors and Christel Tran
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:172

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:194

  19. The contribution of vitamin D to thyroid disorders has received paramount attention; however, results are mixed. Hence, we designed a systematic review and meta-analysis to obtain a definitive conclusion.

    Authors: Sorour Taheriniya, Arman Arab, Amir Hadi, Abdulmannan Fadel and Gholamreza Askari
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:171
  20. The occurrence of hypomagnesemia in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) has been noted previously; however, the association of hypomagnesemia and severity of primary hyperparathyroidism remains un...

    Authors: Ding Na, Guo Tao, Liu Shu-Ying, Wang Qin-Yi, Qu Xiao-Li, Li Yong-Fang, Ou Yang-Na, Sheng Zhi-Feng and Yang Yan-Yi
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:170
  21. Fibroadenoma (FA) is the most common benign solid breast mass in women, with no definite method of management. Because fibroadenoma is dependent on female sex hormones and comprises hypertrophic changes at cel...

    Authors: Sadaf Alipour, Mahboubeh Abedi, Azin Saberi, Arezoo Maleki-Hajiagha, Firoozeh Faiz, Saeed Shahsavari and Bita Eslami
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:169
  22. Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) receptor and local infiltrate lymphocytes have been considered as major pathological factors for developing thyroid-related ophthalmopathy. Overexpression of insulin-like grow...

    Authors: Shimpei Iwata, Kenji Tsumura, Kenji Ashida, Ichiro Tokubuchi, Mutsuyuki Demiya, Miyuki Kitamura, Hiroyuki Ohshima, Mamiko Yano, Ayako Nagayama, Junichi Yasuda, Munehisa Tsuruta, Seiichi Motomura, Shigeo Yoshida and Masatoshi Nomura
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:168
  23. Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) is a hip disorder frequently occurring in adolescence. In adults it is rare and so far very few cases have been documented.

    Authors: Nadia Sawicka-Gutaj, Waldemar Woźniak, Jakub Naczk, Mateusz Pochylski, Jacek Kruczyński, Bartłomiej Budny, Ewelina Szczepanek-Parulska and Marek Ruchała
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:167
  24. Wolfram syndrome (WFS) is a rare autosomal recessive genetic disease whose main cause is mutations in the WFS1 and CISD2 genes. Its characteristic clinical manifestations are diabetes insipidus, diabetes melli...

    Authors: Ziyu Ren, Jixiu Yi, Min Zhong, Yunting Wang, Qicong Liu, Xuan Wang, Dongfang Liu and Wei Ren
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:166
  25. Betel-nut consumption is the fourth most common addictive habit globally and there is good evidence linking the habit to obesity, type 2 diabetes (T2D) and the metabolic syndrome. The aim of our pilot study wa...

    Authors: Shirleny R Cardosa, B. William Ogunkolade, Rob Lowe, Emanuel Savage, Charles A Mein, Barbara J Boucher and Graham A Hitman
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:165
  26. Multiple endocrine

    Authors: Yoshiro Fushimi, Shinji Kamei, Fuminori Tatsumi, Junpei Sanada, Masashi Shimoda, Tomohiko Kimura, Atsushi Obata, Shuhei Nakanishi, Kohei Kaku, Tomoatsu Mune and Hideaki Kaneto
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:164
  27. Various adrenal disorders including primary aldosteronism and Cushing’s syndrome lead to the cause of hypertension. Although primary aldosteronism is sometimes complicated with preclinical Cushing’s syndrome, ...

    Authors: Yoshiro Fushimi, Fuminori Tatsumi, Junpei Sanada, Masashi Shimoda, Shinji Kamei, Shuhei Nakanishi, Kohei Kaku, Tomoatsu Mune and Hideaki Kaneto
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:163
  28. The relationship between vitamin D (VitD) and insulin sensitivity and secretion in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) has been shown to be different amongst different ethnic populations. In Saudi Arabia, where bot...

    Authors: Shatha Alharazy, Eman Alissa, Susan Lanham-New, Muhammad Imran Naseer, Adeel G. Chaudhary and M Denise Robertson
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:162
  29. In contrast to all prior AJCC/TNM classifications for differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) the 8th edition does not take minimal extrathyroidal extension (M-ETE) into consideration for local tumor staging. We t...

    Authors: Manuel Weber, Ina Binse, Karin Oebbecke, Tim Brandenburg, Ken Herrmann, Sarah Theurer, Frank Weber, Ann-Kathrin Ehrlich, Kurt Werner Schmid, Dagmar Führer-Sakel, Irfan Vardarli, Wolfgang P. Fendler, Elena Gilman and Rainer Görges
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:161
  30. The role of radiotherapy in advanced medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) is confined to patients in whom surgical treatment or the administration of tyrosine kinase inhibitors are not possible or contraindicated...

    Authors: Aleksandra Kukulska, Jolanta Krajewska, Zofia Kołosza, Aleksandra Grządziel, Mateusz Gajek, Ewa Paliczka-Cieślik, Dorota Syguła, Kornelia Ficek, Aneta Kluczewska-Gałka and Barbara Jarząb
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:160
  31. Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) is a major cause of death worldwide. A large number of deaths due to ASCVD occurs among people with diabetes mellitus (DM). One of the important modifiable risk f...

    Authors: Lebohang Pitso, Thabiso Rafaki Petrus Mofokeng and Riette Nel
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:159
  32. Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is one of the most serious microvascular complications of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Delta-like ligand-4 (DLL4) maintains the normal physiological microenvironment of the retina...

    Authors: Yan Zhu, Jingcheng Hu, Xuan Du, Qionglei Fang, Yingyi Zhou and Ke Chen
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:157
  33. Despite the increased fracture risk, bone mineral density (BMD) is variable in type 1 (T1D) and type 2 (T2D) diabetes mellitus. We aimed at comparing independent BMD predictors in T1D, T2D and control subjects...

    Authors: Stefana Catalina Bilha, Letitia Leustean, Cristina Preda, Dumitru D. Branisteanu, Laura Mihalache and Maria-Christina Ungureanu
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:156
  34. Despite strong evidence demonstrating the role of estrogen as a protective factor for kidney function in women, limited data are available regarding the influence of endogenous estrogen exposure (EEE) on chron...

    Authors: Maryam Farahmand, Fahimeh Ramezani Tehrani, Davood Khalili, Leila Cheraghi and Fereidoun Azizi
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:155
  35. Autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome type 1 (APS-1) is a rare monogenic inherited disease caused by mutations of the autoimmune regulator gene (AIRE). The three major components of this syndrome are chronic mucoc...

    Authors: JiaQi Chen, Ting Lu, ChenXiao Liu, Yun Zhao, AiJie Huang, XingNa Hu, Min Li, Rong Xiang, Min Feng and HongHong Lu
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:154
  36. Family with sequence similarity 19 (chemokine (C-C motif)-like) member A5 (FAM19A5) is a newly identified adipokine. There is a limited number of studies linking FAM19A5 to metabolic disorders. In the current ...

    Authors: Fatemeh Ali Yari, Parisa Shabani, Sara Karami, Negar Sarmadi, Hossein Poustchi and Ahmad Reza Bandegi
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:153
  37. The present work investigated serum levels of miR-29a, miR-122 and sestrin2 in obese children with/without type-2-diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and their correlations with inflammatory, metabolic and anthropometri...

    Authors: Khalid M. Mohany, Osamah Al Rugaie, Osama Al-Wutayd and Abdullah Al-Nafeesah
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:152
  38. Autoantibodies to β-cell specific antigens are markers of type 1 diabetes. The most recently identified autoantibodies are targeted to the zinc transporter 8 (ZnT8) protein located in the membrane of β-cell in...

    Authors: Sureka Bhola, Eleanor M Cave, Sindeep Bhana, Nigel J Crowther and Carolyn J Padoa
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:151
  39. Thyrotoxic atrial fibrillation (TAF) is a recognized significant complication of hyperthyroidism. Early identification of the individuals predisposed to TAF would improve thyrotoxic patients’ management. Howev...

    Authors: Daria Aleksandrovna Ponomartseva, Ilia Vladislavovich Derevitskii, Sergey Valerevich Kovalchuk and Alina Yurevna Babenko
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:150
  40. Aldosterone (Ald) is a crucial factor in maintaining electrolyte and water homeostasis. Defect in either its synthesis or function causes salt wasting (SW) manifestation. This disease group is rare, while most...

    Authors: Melati Wijaya, Huamei Ma, Jun Zhang, Minlian Du, Yanhong Li, Qiuli Chen and Song Guo
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:149
  41. Recent researches suggest that the CD160/HVEM/LIGHT/BTLA signaling pathway may contribute to the pathogeneses of autoimmune diseases, but the relationship between CD160 polymorphisms and autoimmune thyroid dis...

    Authors: Weiwei He, Jing Zhao, Xuerong Liu, Sheli Li, Kaida Mu, Jing Zhang and Jin-an Zhang
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:148
  42. An effective strategy for weight loss in patients who are overweight or obese is to reduce body fat mass while maintaining skeletal muscle mass. Adiponectin and myostatin are affected through changes in body c...

    Authors: Nana Takao, Satoshi Kurose, Takumi Miyauchi, Katsuko Onishi, Atsuko Tamanoi, Ryota Tsuyuguchi, Aya Fujii, Sawako Yoshiuchi, Kazuhisa Takahashi, Hiromi Tsutsumi and Yutaka Kimura
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:147
  43. The International Diabetes Federation (IDF) estimated that 1.1 million children and adolescents aged 14–19 years are living with diabetes. Diabetes is a chronic, progressive disease characterized by elevated l...

    Authors: Pradeep Kumar, Shobhit Srivastava, Prem Shankar Mishra and E. T. Krishnan Mooss
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:146
  44. Vaginal paraganglioma are rare, atypical, solitary tumors which originate from the female genital tract. Sacrococcygeal teratoma are also rare neoplasms which derive from one (or more) primordial germ cell lay...

    Authors: Zhan Wang, Hua Fan, Jinghua Fan, Samuel Seery, Wenda Wang and Yushi Zhang
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:145
  45. Although obesity, defined by body mass index (BMI), has been associated with a higher risk of hospitalisation and more severe course of illness in Covid-19 positive patients amongst the British population, it ...

    Authors: Kiran H. K. Patel, Xinyang Li, Jennifer K. Quint, James S. Ware, Nicholas S. Peters and Fu Siong Ng
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:144
  46. Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a cause of multiple complications, including retinopathy and peripheral neuropathy. These complications are well understood and believed to contribute to gait instability. Poor balance...

    Authors: Artur Stolarczyk, Igor Jarzemski, Bartosz M. Maciąg, Kuba Radzimowski, Maciej Świercz and Magda Stolarczyk
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:143
  47. Adrenal insufficiency (AI) causes considerable morbidity but may remain undiagnosed in patients with adrenal malignancy (AM). The epidemiology of AI and adrenal crises (AC) in AM is uncertain.

    Authors: Anna Lubomski, Henrik Falhammar, David J. Torpy and R. Louise Rushworth
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:141
  48. In patients with established HF, low triiodothyronine syndrome (LT3S) is commonly present, and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) is a useful marker for predicting death. This study was aime...

    Authors: Xinke Zhao, Rongcheng Zhang, Hugang Jiang, Kai Liu, Chengxu Ma, Ming Bai, Tao An, Younan Yao, Xinqiang Wang, Ming Wang, Yingdong Li, Yuhui Zhang and Jian Zhang
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:140

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