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  1. The diagnosis of subacute thyroiditis (SAT) is based mainly on the presence of painful thyroid goitre and a significant increase in erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR). Proceeding according to these diagnosti...

    Authors: Magdalena Stasiak, Renata Michalak and Andrzej Lewinski
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2019 19:86
  2. Older patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus represent a heterogeneous group in terms of metabolic profile. It makes glucose-lowering-therapy (GLT) complex to manage, as it needs to be individualised according...

    Authors: Antoine CHRISTIAENS, Michel P. HERMANS, Benoit BOLAND and Séverine HENRARD
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2019 19:85
  3. In patients with diabetes mellitus, the urinary microalbumin-to-urine creatinine ratio (UACR) can not only predict the occurrence of diabetic nephropathy but also can be a risk factor for cardiovascular diseas...

    Authors: Juan Xie, Xiaoqing Wang, Yiyuan Zhang, Hailun Li, Yong Xu and Donghui Zheng
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2019 19:84
  4. Thyroid dysfunction is one of the prevalent endocrine disorders. The relationship between lifestyle factors and thyroid dysfunction was not clear and some of the factors seemed paradoxical.

    Authors: Yanling Huang, Liangchun Cai, Yuanyuan Zheng, Jinxing Pan, Liantao Li, Liyao Zong, Wei Lin, Jixing Liang, Huibin Huang, Junping Wen and Gang Chen
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2019 19:83
  5. Primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT), which is mostly caused by a parathyroid adenoma, is fairly common in postmenopausal women but is relatively rare in pregnant women. PHPT-induced pancreatitis during pregnanc...

    Authors: Jun Yang, Meng-jie Dong and Feng Chen
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2019 19:82
  6. Elderly patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) experience fractures more frequently than elderly individuals without diabetes. Fractures requiring hospitalization greatly affect quality of life, and alt...

    Authors: Takeshi Horii, Makiko Iwasawa, Yusuke Kabeya, Jyunichi Shimizu and Koichiro Atsuda
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2019 19:81
  7. Myasthenia gravis (MG) is the most common disorder of neuromuscular transmission, and it is typified by fluctuating degrees and variable combinations of weakness in the ocular, bulbar, limb, and respiratory mu...

    Authors: Mi-Chu Lin, Ming-Hsien Tsai, Jyh-Gang Leu and Yu-Wei Fang
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2019 19:80
  8. Traditionally Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) was associated with older age, but is now being increasingly diagnosed in younger populations due to the increasing prevalence of obesity and inactivity. We aimed ...

    Authors: Laura J. Gray, Emer M. Brady, Olatz Albaina, Charlotte L. Edwardson, Deirdre Harrington, Kamlesh Khunti, Joanne Miksza, João Filipe Raposo, Ellesha Smith, Andriani Vazeou, Itziar Vergara, Susann Weihrauch-Blüher and Melanie J. Davies
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2019 19:79
  9. Hypoglycaemia, especially nocturnal, remains the main limiting factor of achieving good glycaemic control in type 1 diabetes.

    Authors: Rikke Mette Agesen, Amra Ciric Alibegovic, Henrik Ullits Andersen, Henning Beck-Nielsen, Peter Gustenhoff, Troels Krarup Hansen, Christoffer Hedetoft, Tonny Jensen, Claus Bogh Juhl, Susanne Søgaard Lerche, Kirsten Nørgaard, Hans-Henrik Parving, Lise Tarnow, Birger Thorsteinsson and Ulrik Pedersen-Bjergaard
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2019 19:78
  10. Chronic inflammation has been associated with dysglycemia among people living with HIV (PLHIV). There is however, limited data regarding this phenomenon in sub-Sahara Africa (SSA). Therefore we assessed the le...

    Authors: Lilian Nkinda, Kirtika Patel, Benson Njuguna, Jean Pierre Ngangali, Peter Memiah, George M. Bwire, Mtebe V. Majigo, Mucho Mizinduko, Sonak D. Pastakia and Eligius Lyamuya
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2019 19:77
  11. Sarcopenic obesity, central obesity combined with decreased skeletal muscle mass, is identified to be associated with metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular diseases; however, its role in the occurrence of non-...

    Authors: Xiaoyou Su, Jing Xu and Chao Zheng
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2019 19:76
  12. To investigate any associations between blood glucose (BG) and lipid levels in patients with different glucose tolerance statuses, including type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and impaired glucose regulation (IGR) cases a...

    Authors: Shujin Wang, Guohong Li, Hong Zuo, Hua Yang, Lei Ma, Jia Feng, Yu Niu, Liming Ma, Songfang Liu, Ting Qi and Xufeng Liu
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2019 19:75
  13. Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) has become an endemic disease. A number of interrelated factors increase the risk of the onset of T2DM, however much of the pathogenesis of the disease is associated with lifest...

    Authors: Linda Cloete, Brett G. Mitchell and Darren Morton
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2019 19:74
  14. Several studies have indicated that inflammatory markers were associated with the risk of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in type 2 diabetes (T2D). Serum folate was related to MCI as well as inflammation. Howe...

    Authors: Miaoyan Zheng, Baocheng Chang, Liqiang Tian, Chunyan Shan, Hui Chen, Yuxia Gao, Guowei Huang and Meilin Zhang
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2019 19:73
  15. Further knowledge about the pubertal development mode of girls with Turner syndrome (TS) who have undergone hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is beneficial to the proposal of an optimal HRT regimen. This study...

    Authors: Song Guo, Jun Zhang, Yanhong Li, Huamei Ma, Qiuli Chen, Hongshan Chen and Minlian Du
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2019 19:72
  16. Metabolic encephalopathy is a rare but potentially devastating complication of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA). This case highlights the dramatic cognitive decline of a young man due to metabolic encephalopathy co...

    Authors: Maria Tomkins, Richard McCormack, Karen O’Connell, Amar Agha and Áine Merwick
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2019 19:71
  17. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrine disorder in young women and increases risk of cardiovascular and metabolic disease, and infertility. Women with PCOS share many characteristics com...

    Authors: Laura E. McBreairty, Philip D. Chilibeck, Julianne J. Gordon, Donna R. Chizen and Gordon A. Zello
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2019 19:70
  18. To assess the association between cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and weight changes in treatment seeking patients with severe obesity who underwent a 1-year intensive lifestyle intervention (ILI) program.

    Authors: Jarle Berge, Øyvind Støren, Jens K. Hertel, Espen Gjevestad, Milada Cvancarova Småstuen and Jøran Hjelmesæth
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2019 19:69
  19. Endogenous Cushing’s syndrome, a rare endocrine disorder, characterised by chronic cortisol hypersecretion, results in neuropsychiatric disturbances and in cognitive deficits, which are only partially reversib...

    Authors: Malgorzata Monika Brzozowska, Sacha Kepreotis, Fiona Tsang and Sully Xiomara Fuentes- Patarroyo
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2019 19:68
  20. This study aimed to examine the associations between gender and the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS) components among Korean adults by age and body mass index (BMI) subgroups.

    Authors: Young-Mo Yang, Byung-Cheul Shin, Chihyoung Son and In-Hyuk Ha
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2019 19:67
  21. The aim of the study was to estimate and compare the 8-year cumulative incidence of diabetes mellitus (DM) among Sami and non-Sami inhabitants of rural districts in Northern Norway.

    Authors: Ali Naseribafrouei, Bent Martin Eliassen, Marita Melhus, Johan Svartberg and Ann Ragnhild Broderstad
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2019 19:66
  22. The Captopril challenge test (CCT) is an easy-conduct confirmatory test for diagnosing primary aldosteronism (PA). Guidelines show that plasma aldosterone is normally suppressed by captopril (> 30%) in primary...

    Authors: Ke-ying Zhu, Yan Zhang, Wen-jing Zhang, Hong-yun Li, Wen-huan Feng, Da-long Zhu and Ping Li
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2019 19:65
  23. For patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D), cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the single most common cause of mortality. In 2008 and 2012, the Federal Drug Administration (FDA) and the European Medicines Agency (EM...

    Authors: Guntram Schernthaner, Heinz Drexel, Evgeny Moshkovich, Birute Zilaitiene, Emil Martinka, Leszek Czupryniak, Tamás Várkonyi, Andrej Janež, Kristine Ducena, Katarina Lalić, Tsvetalina Tankova, Martin Prázný, Lea Smirčić Duvnjak, Olga Sukhareva and Harald Sourij
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2019 19:64
  24. Co-existing Cushing’s syndrome and primary aldosteronism caused by bilateral adrenocortical adenomas, secreting cortisol and aldosterone, respectively, have rarely been reported. Precise diagnosis and manageme...

    Authors: Kaiyun Ren, Jia Wei, Qilin Liu, Yuchun Zhu, Nianwei Wu, Ying Tang, Qianrui Li, Qianying Zhang, Yerong Yu, Zhenmei An, Jing Chen and Jianwei Li
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2019 19:63
  25. Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) have accelerated atherosclerosis as a pro thrombotic state that is associated with the platelet activation priming. Platelets, which undergo the continuous mild st...

    Authors: Razie Mahmoodian, Morteza Salimian, Mohsen Hamidpour, Ali Akbar Khadem-Maboudi and Ahmad Gharehbaghian
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2019 19:62
  26. Insulin-derived amyloidosis is a skin-related complication of insulin therapy that interferes with insulin therapy. Although toxicities of in vitro-formed insulin amyloid fibrils have been well studied, the to...

    Authors: Keiichi Iwaya, Tamotsu Zako, Junta Fukunaga, Karin Margareta Sörgjerd, Kentaro Ogata, Koichiro Kogure, Hiroshi Kosano, Masayuki Noritake, Mizuo Maeda, Yukio Ando, Yoshiya Katsura and Terumasa Nagase
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2019 19:61
  27. Survival from many cancer types is steadily increasing, and as a result, a growing number of cancer patients will live with other chronic diseases, of which diabetes is one of the most prevalent. This study ai...

    Authors: Anne Beiter Arreskov, Maria Å. Olsen, Sandra Sinius Pouplier, Volkert Siersma, Christen L. Andersen, Søren Friis and Niels de Fine Olivarius
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2019 19:60
  28. The present study aimed to investigate the inhibitory effects of aminoguanidine (AG) and 2-bromoethylamine (2-BEA) on the semicarbazide-sensitive amine oxidase (SSAO) activity both in vitro and in vivo, and th...

    Authors: Chaosheng Li, Zhenhua Wang, Xiaoli Li and Jun Chen
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2019 19:59
  29. In recent years, the relationship between thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) and obesity has been widely discussed. However, it is unclear how thyroid hormone concentrations relate to body weight and its impact...

    Authors: Ranran Xu, Fei Huang, Shijie Zhang, Yongman Lv and Qingquan Liu
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2019 19:58
  30. Although exercise seems to be beneficial for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients, there is limited research elucidating the optimal accessible indices of adiposity and insulin resistance for identifying e...

    Authors: Hong-Ting Zhu, Min Yu, Hao Hu, Qing-Fang He, Jin Pan and Ru-Ying Hu
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2019 19:57
  31. Thyrotoxicosis is often caused by destructive thyroiditis (DT) or Graves’ disease (GD), and a prompt and accurate differential diagnosis for thyrotoxicosis is needed as management strategy differs. A meta-anal...

    Authors: Xiaojuan Peng, Shenglan Wu, Caiqun Bie, Huijun Tang, Zhe Xiong and Shaohui Tang
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2019 19:56
  32. The diet quality of adults living in the United States has improved overtime. We aim to determine whether diet quality among adults with diabetes mellitus has changed over time, and to examine trends in socioe...

    Authors: Colin J. Orr, Thomas C. Keyserling, Alice S. Ammerman and Seth A. Berkowitz
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2019 19:54
  33. Parathyroid carcinoma is a rare neoplasm that may present sporadically or in the context of a genetic syndrome. Diagnosis and management are challenging due to the lack of clinical and pathological features th...

    Authors: Valentina Ferraro, Lucia Ilaria Sgaramella, Giovanna Di Meo, Francesco Paolo Prete, Francesco Logoluso, Francesco Minerva, Marica Noviello, Giuseppina Renzulli, Angela Gurrado and Mario Testini
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2019 19(Suppl 1):46

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 1

  34. Medullary thyroid carcinoma is a neuroendocrine tumor belonging form a malignant growth of the thyroid parafollicular C-cells, representing from 1 to 10% of all thyroid cancer. The biochemical activity of medu...

    Authors: Claudio Gambardella, Chiara Offi, Renato Patrone, Guglielmo Clarizia, Claudio Mauriello, Ernesto Tartaglia, Francesco Di Capua, Sergio Di Martino, Roberto Maria Romano, Lorenzo Fiore, Alessandra Conzo, Giovanni Conzo and Giovanni Docimo
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2019 19(Suppl 1):45

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 1

  35. The association between Hashimoto’s thyroiditis (HT) and papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is a controversial question that is still under debate, its pathological significance and the eventual clinical implic...

    Authors: Giuseppa Graceffa, Renato Patrone, Salvatore Vieni, Silvia Campanella, Sergio Calamia, Iole Laise, Giovanni Conzo, Mario Latteri and Calogero Cipolla
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2019 19(Suppl 1):26

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 1

  36. Hypothyroidism, one of the prevalent endocrine disorders worldwide, has a broad spectrum of clinical manifestations, from an asymptomatic condition to myxedema coma. Although the majority of patients with hypo...

    Authors: Chung Gyo Seo, Kyoung Jin Kim, Euyhyun Park, Nam Hoon Kim, Joo Hyung Kim, Hee Young Kim, Sin Gon Kim and Kyeong Jin Kim
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2019 19:52
  37. The molecular basis of the Turkish population with suspected maturity-onset diabetes of the young (MODY) has not been identified. This is the first study to investigate the association between HNF1A-gene single-n...

    Authors: Selvihan Beysel, Nilnur Eyerci, Ferda Alparslan Pinarli, Muhammed Kizilgul, Ozgur Ozcelik, Mustafa Caliskan and Erman Cakal
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2019 19:51
  38. Teenagers and young adults with type 1 diabetes (T1D) experience significant burden managing this serious chronic condition and glycaemic control is at its unhealthiest during this life stage. Flash glucose mo...

    Authors: Sara E. Boucher, Andrew R. Gray, Martin de Bock, Esko J. Wiltshire, Barbara C. Galland, Paul A. Tomlinson, Jenny Rayns, Karen E. MacKenzie and Benjamin J. Wheeler
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2019 19:50
  39. Ovarian reserve, vital for reproductive function, can be adversely affected by thyroid diseases. Despite alternations of thyroid hormones with ageing, data on interactions between the overtime trend of thyroid...

    Authors: Sara Bahri, Fahimeh Ramezani Tehrani, Atieh Amouzgar, Maryam Rahmati, Maryam Tohidi, Maryam Vasheghani and Fereidoun Azizi
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2019 19:47
  40. On average, patients in Japan with type 2 diabetes mellitus have a clinical consultation every month, although evidence for a favorable follow-up interval is lacking. This study investigated whether the follow...

    Authors: Tomohiko Ukai, Shuhei Ichikawa, Miho Sekimoto, Satoru Shikata and Yousuke Takemura
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2019 19:43
  41. Some microRNAs are involved in diabetes pathology and some are known to have role in stroke. MiR-503 causes endothelial dysfunction in diabetic patients, predisposing to ischemia. There has been no study evalu...

    Authors: Saba Sheikhbahaei, Danesh Manizheh, Saadatnia Mohammad, Tajaddini Mohamad Hasan, Nazemian Saman, Rafiee Laleh, Motieian Mahsa, Amoushahi Khouzani Sanaz and Haghjooy Javanmard Shaghayegh
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2019 19:42
  42. Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in Mexico. Here, we aimed to report incidence rates (IR) of type 2 diabetes in middle-aged apparently-healthy Mexican adults, identi...

    Authors: Olimpia Arellano-Campos, Donaji V. Gómez-Velasco, Omar Yaxmehen Bello-Chavolla, Ivette Cruz-Bautista, Marco A. Melgarejo-Hernandez, Liliana Muñoz-Hernandez, Luz E. Guillén, Jose de Jesus Garduño-Garcia, Ulices Alvirde, Yukiko Ono-Yoshikawa, Ricardo Choza-Romero, Leobardo Sauque-Reyna, Maria Eugenia Garay-Sevilla, Juan Manuel Malacara-Hernandez, Maria Teresa Tusie-Luna, Luis Miguel Gutierrez-Robledo…
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2019 19:41
  43. To analyze data in terms of the glycaemic control and therapeutic regimens used for Type-2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) management in Greece, identify factors that influence clinical decisions and determine the le...

    Authors: Stavros Liatis, Styliani Iraklianou, Kyriakos Kazakos, George Mastorakos, Kostas Milios, Zadalla Mouslech, Marina Noutsou, Emmanouil Pagkalos and Christos Sampanis
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2019 19:39
  44. Early diagnosis and relapse prediction in Graves’ disease influences treatment. We assessed the abilities of four TSH-receptor antibody tests [TRAb] and one cyclic adenosine monophosphate bioassay to predict r...

    Authors: Tristan Struja, Rebecca Jutzi, Noemi Imahorn, Marina Kaeslin, Fabienne Boesiger, Alexander Kutz, Esther Mundwiler, Andreas Huber, Marius Kraenzlin, Beat Mueller, Christian Meier, Luca Bernasconi and Philipp Schuetz
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2019 19:38

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