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  1. Pituitary carcinomas (PCs), defined as distant metastases of pituitary neoplasms, are very rare malignancies. Because the clinical presentation of PCs is variable, early diagnosis and management remain challen...

    Authors: Congxin Dai, Bowen Sun, Shusen Guan, Wei Wang, Honggang Liu, Yong Li, Jialiang Zhang and Jun Kang
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:217
  2. This study aimed to investigate the differences in oxidative stress (OS) levels represented by 8-iso-prostaglandin F (8-iso-PGF) and analyze its correlation with the intra-abdominal fat (IAF) area and the gly...

    Authors: Ning Ma, Yujian Zhang, Binbin Liu, Xiaojiao Jia, Rui Wang and Qiang Lu
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:215
  3. Contiguous gene deletion syndromes are rare genomic disorders caused by deletion of large segments of DNA resulting in co-occurrence of apparently unrelated multiple clinical phenotypes. We report a boy with c...

    Authors: Asanka Rathnasiri, Udara Senarathne, Visvalingam Arunath, Thabitha Hoole, Ishara Kumarasiri, Oshanie Muthukumarana, Eresha Jasinge and Sachith Mettananda
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:214
  4. Thyroid crisis is a life-threatening condition in thyrotoxic patients. Although differentiated thyroid cancer is one of the causes of hyperthyroidism, reports on thyroid crisis caused by thyroid cancer are qui...

    Authors: Kai Takedani, Masakazu Notsu, Naoko Adachi, Sayuri Tanaka, Masahiro Yamamoto, Mika Yamauchi, Naotake Yamauchi, Riruke Maruyama and Keizo Kanasaki
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:213
  5. Hypothyroidism is frequent and has various forms of muscle involvement. We report the diagnosis and treatment of a case of rhabdomyolysis, bilateral osteofascial compartment syndrome (OCS) of the lower extremi...

    Authors: Lijue Ren, Cuiying Wei, Feng Wei, Ruiting Ma, Yan Liu, Yonghong Zhang, Wei Wang, Jing Du, Lin Bai, Yexia Xue and Shaohua Cui
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:212
  6. Impaired fasting glucose (IFG) is a prediabetic condition. Considering that the clinical symptoms of IFG are inconspicuous, these tend to be easily ignored by individuals, leading to conversion to diabetes mel...

    Authors: Yuqi Wang, Liangxu Wang, Yanli Su, Li Zhong and Bin Peng
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:211
  7. Previous studies have shown that bipolar disorder is closely related to thyroid dysfunction. Psychiatric drugs have a large or small effect on thyroid function, and thyroid hormone levels can also affect the e...

    Authors: Shengnan Zhao, Xu Zhang, Yaling Zhou, Hao Xu, Yuwei Li, Yuexin Chen, Bo Zhang and Xueli Sun
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:210
  8. There are many conflicting opinions regarding the association between anemia and diabetes mellitus (DM), and the mechanism by which DM influences anemia remains uncertain. Therefore, we aimed to investigate th...

    Authors: Mihye Kim, Sook-Hyun Lee, Kyoung Sun Park, Eun-Jung Kim, Sujung Yeo and In-Hyuk Ha
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:209
  9. To assess the gaps between the initial management of patients with differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) in real clinical practice and the recommendations of the 2012 Chinese DTC guidelines.

    Authors: Jie Ming, Jing-Qiang Zhu, Hao Zhang, Hui Sun, Jun Wang, Ruo-Chuan Cheng, Lei Xie, Xing-Rui Li, Wen Tian and Tao Huang
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:208
  10. exposure to iodinated contrast media (ICM) can cause hyperthyroidism, due to disruption of thyroid hormone regulation. Although rare, it can have severe consequences and can lead to fatal complications. Curren...

    Authors: Sofie M. Diepenbroek, A. de Jonghe, C. van Rees and E. Seebus
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:207
  11. Evidence of possible beneficial effects of dietary diabetes risk reduction score (DDRRS) on reducing the risk of various chronic diseases such as metabolic syndrome (MetS) are limited. This is a prospective, p...

    Authors: Parvin Mirmiran, Hossein Farhadnejad, Farshad Teymoori, Golaleh Asghari, Karim Parastouei and Fereidoun Azizi
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:206
  12. Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) is a cardiovascular and metabolic hormone that has been identified recently as being associated with chronic kidney disease (CKD) without diabetes. Cytokines such as interleuki...

    Authors: Chenxiao Liu, Qi Li, Xiu Feng, Jian Zhu and Qian Li
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:204
  13. Maturity Onset Diabetes of the Young (MODY) is a monogenic, autosomal, dominant disease that results in beta-cells dysfunction with consequent hyperglycaemia. It represents a rare form of diabetes (1–2% of all...

    Authors: Lucia Brodosi, Bianca Baracco, Vilma Mantovani and Loris Pironi
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:202
  14. The relationship between dyslipidemia and obesity has been widely reported, but the global lipid profiles associated with the development of obesity still need to be clarified. An investigation into the associ...

    Authors: Ruili Yin, Xiaojing Wang, Kun Li, Ke Yu and Longyan Yang
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:201
  15. We aimed to assess the comparative efficiency and safety of the use of glyburide, metformin, and insulin in gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM).

    Authors: Dan-Qing Yu, Guan-Xin Xu, Xin-Yuan Teng, Jing-Wei Xu, Liang-Fang Tang, Chun Feng, Jin-Peng Rao, Min Jin and Li-Quan Wang
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:199
  16. The incidence rate of diabetes is increasing year by year, seriously threatening human health. As a predictor of glycemic control, glycated hemoglobin is reported to be related to various complications and pro...

    Authors: Rui Huang, Li Yan and Yuhua Lei
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:198
  17. Macroprolactin is responsible for pseudohyperprolactinemia and is a common pitfall of the prolactin immunoassay. We aimed to determine the frequency of macroprolactinemia in Chinese hyperprolactinemic patients...

    Authors: Yao Hu, Jiajin Ni, Buyue Zhang, Wei Cheng, Huating Zhang, Hongying Ye, Lijin Ji, Bin Lu and Ming Guan
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:197
  18. Previous studies have shown that the minor allele (C allele) for Cry 1 rs2287161, may be associated with increased risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). Low resting metabolic rate (RMR) caused by the diet ha...

    Authors: Atieh Mirzababaei, Elnaz Daneshzad, Farideh Shiraseb, Sanaz Pourreza, Leila Setayesh, Cain C. T. Clark, Hadith Tangestani, Faezeh Abaj, Habib Yarizadeh and Khadijeh Mirzaei
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:196
  19. The serine protease inhibitor-1 (SERPINE1) rs1799889 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) has been constantly associated with diabetes mellitus (DM) and its vascular complications. The aim of this meta-analysi...

    Authors: JingYi Chen, ChuanNan Zhai, ZhiQian Wang, Rui Li, WenJing Wu, Kai Hou, Mohammad Alzogool, Yan Wang and HongLiang Cong
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:195
  20. Variants of chromodomain helicase DNA binding protein 7 (CHD7) gene are commonly associated with Kallmann syndrome (KS) and account for 5–6% of idiopathic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (IHH) cases. Here we rep...

    Authors: Weiwei Xu, Weibin Zhou, Haiyang Lin, Dan Ye, Guoping Chen, Fengqin Dong and Jianguo Shen
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:193
  21. The association between the Mediterranean diet (MED) or dietary approach to stop hypertension (DASH) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors is well-documented. Nevertheless, a consistent relationship wi...

    Authors: Monireh Panbehkar-Jouybari, Mehdi Mollahosseini, Amin Salehi-Abargouei, Hossein Fallahzadeh, Masoud Mirzaei and Mahdieh Hosseinzadeh
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:192
  22. Nivolumab is an anti-programmed cell death protein 1 antibody, typically used as cancer immunotherapy agent. Despite multiple clinical benefits it might cause autoimmune-related side-effects, often involving t...

    Authors: Sofia Antoniou, Georgios Bazazo, Ludwig Röckl, Marios Papadakis and Christian Berg
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:191
  23. Toy slime is popular in Korea, and in parallel, pre-pubertal girls visit hospitals for early pubertal signs. Thus far, numerous studies have investigated the association of endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs...

    Authors: Mi Seon Lee, Gi Min Lee, Cheol Woo Ko and Jung Eun Moon
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:190
  24. The long-term association between physical activity and endothelial function has not previously been investigated in patients with type 2 diabetes. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the relationship between phys...

    Authors: Jonathan Mathias Baier, Kristian Løkke Funck, Liv Vernstrøm, Esben Laugesen and Per Løgstrup Poulsen
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:189
  25. We aimed to examine the associations between the risk of decreased renal function, obesity, and weight changes in Korean type 2 diabetic patients with normal renal function.

    Authors: Bo-Yeon Kim, Dug-Hyun Choi, Chan-Hee Jung, Ji-Oh Mok and Chul-Hee Kim
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:188
  26. Double Diabetes (DD), type 1 diabetes (T1DM) + insulin resistance (IR), is associated with increased risk of micro/macro-vascular complications and mortality. Obesity can contribute to the development of DD. T...

    Authors: Nathan WP Cantley, Kathryn Lonnen, Ioannis Kyrou, Abd A Tahrani and Hassan Kahal
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:187
  27. Regarding the inconclusive results of previous investigations, this study aimed to determine the association between pathology, as a possible predictor, with remission outcomes, to know the role of pathology i...

    Authors: Maryam Dehghani, Zahra Davoodi, Farahnaz Bidari, Amin Momeni Moghaddam, Davood Khalili, Hooman Bahrami-Motlagh, Elena Jamali, Shahram Alamdari, Farhad Hosseinpanah, Mehdi Hedayati and Majid Valizadeh
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:186
  28. Cushing’s disease (CD) is defined as hypercortisolemia caused by adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)-secreting pituitary adenomas (corticotroph PA) that afflicts humans and dogs. In order to map common aberrant...

    Authors: Andrew Wang, Stewart G. Neill, Scott Newman, Marianna A. Tryfonidou, Adriana Ioachimescu, Michael R. Rossi, Björn P. Meij and Nelson M. Oyesiku
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:185
  29. There is no clear conclusion on the relationship between thyroid disease and obesity and lifestyle factors such as smoking and drinking. In this study, we analysed the association of body mass index (BMI), smo...

    Authors: Xiao Chen, Juan-juan Wang, Li Yu, Han-yu Wang and Hui Sun
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:184
  30. The development of obesity is most likely due to a combination of biological and environmental factors some of which might still be unidentified. We used a machine learning technique to examine the relative im...

    Authors: Gudrún Höskuldsdóttir, My Engström, Araz Rawshani, Ville Wallenius, Frida Lenér, Lars Fändriks, Karin Mossberg and Björn Eliasson
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:183
  31. Obesity is associated with the development of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and contributes substantially to metabolic abnormalities in women with PCOS. The study aimed to describe and compare the practices...

    Authors: Ruilin Ma, Ying Zou, Wei Wang, Qingmei Zheng, Ying Feng, Han Dong, Zhangyun Tan, Xiaoqin Zeng, Yinqing Zhao, Yan Deng, Yanfang Wang and Aijun Sun
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:182
  32. In order to recommend the optimal type of exercise for type 2 diabetes prevention, different exercise interventions were compared with respect to their effects on glycemic control and insulin resistance.

    Authors: Li Huang, Yingjie Fang and Lijun Tang
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:181
  33. Tramadol is a synthetic opioid and poisoning is increasing around the world day by day. Various treatments are applied for tramadol poisoning. Due to the unknown effects of tramadol poisoning and some of its t...

    Authors: Samaneh Nakhaee, Khadijeh Farrokhfall, Ebrahim Miri-Moghaddam, Masoumeh Askari, Alireza Amirabadizadeh, Mohsen Foadoddini and Omid Mehrpour
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:180
  34. Rash and cholestatic liver injury caused by methimazole (MMI) in patients with Turner syndrome (TS) and Graves’s disease (GD) are rarely reported, and there is a paucity of reports on the management of this co...

    Authors: Jinhui Zeng, Fangtao Luo, Zhihua Lin, Yinghong Chen, Xiaoyun Wang and Yuanhao Song
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:179
  35. Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is one of the most serious microvascular complications of diabetes, valsartan and α-lipoic acid alone or in combination has been used for the treatment of patients with DN. However, s...

    Authors: Fangfang Sun, Deqi Jiang and Juanjuan Cai
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:178
  36. Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) secreting pituitary adenoma (TSHoma) with coexisting thyroid cancer is extremely rare, and proper treatment of both diseases may pose a unique clinical challenge. When TSHoma ...

    Authors: Jee Hee Yoon, Wonsuk Choi, Ji Yong Park, A Ram Hong, Sung Sun Kim, Hee Kyung Kim and Ho-Cheol Kang
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:177
  37. To explore the association between metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its component and thyroid volume in Chinese adolescents, and to compare the detection rate of MetS under the three different diagnostic criteria.

    Authors: Yang Xiao, Jingjing Mao, Xiaodong Mao, Qifeng Wang, Xingjia Li, Guofang Chen, Ling Guo, Huaying Huang, Yiming Mu, Shuhang Xu and Chao Liu
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:176
  38. To explore the prevalence and its associated metabolic factors of thyroid nodules (TNs) among subjects who participated in the physical examinations in Chongqing, China.

    Authors: Li Xu, Fanling Zeng, Yutong Wang, Ye Bai, Xuefeng Shan and Lingxi Kong
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:175
  39. Several studies have investigated the association between dietary protein and the risk of diabetic nephropathy (DN); however, there is no agreement on the type of dietary protein sources that might increase th...

    Authors: Monireh Aziz, Yahya Jalilpiran, Mehdi Nekouimehr, Shaahin Fattahi, Pari Mokhtari, Ahmad Jayedi, Mir Saeed Yekaninejad and Khadijeh Mirzaei
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:174
  40. Sleeve gastrectomy (SG) is a profoundly effective operation for severe obese patients, but is closely associated with bone mass loss. Previous studies have reported changes of various serum factors which may b...

    Authors: Ying Xue, Ran Li, Yong Zhao, Ling Li and Yun Zhou
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:173
  41. The Mauriac syndrome was described in 1930 as a peculiar combination of poorly controlled diabetes mellitus type 1, stunted growth and glycogenic hepatopathy. More recently, lactic acidosis was recognized as a...

    Authors: Brice Touilloux, Henri Lu, Belinda Campos-Xavier, Andrea Superti-Furga, Michael Hauschild, Thérèse Bouthors and Christel Tran
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:172

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:194

  42. The contribution of vitamin D to thyroid disorders has received paramount attention; however, results are mixed. Hence, we designed a systematic review and meta-analysis to obtain a definitive conclusion.

    Authors: Sorour Taheriniya, Arman Arab, Amir Hadi, Abdulmannan Fadel and Gholamreza Askari
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:171
  43. The occurrence of hypomagnesemia in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) has been noted previously; however, the association of hypomagnesemia and severity of primary hyperparathyroidism remains un...

    Authors: Ding Na, Guo Tao, Liu Shu-Ying, Wang Qin-Yi, Qu Xiao-Li, Li Yong-Fang, Ou Yang-Na, Sheng Zhi-Feng and Yang Yan-Yi
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:170
  44. Fibroadenoma (FA) is the most common benign solid breast mass in women, with no definite method of management. Because fibroadenoma is dependent on female sex hormones and comprises hypertrophic changes at cel...

    Authors: Sadaf Alipour, Mahboubeh Abedi, Azin Saberi, Arezoo Maleki-Hajiagha, Firoozeh Faiz, Saeed Shahsavari and Bita Eslami
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:169
  45. Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) receptor and local infiltrate lymphocytes have been considered as major pathological factors for developing thyroid-related ophthalmopathy. Overexpression of insulin-like grow...

    Authors: Shimpei Iwata, Kenji Tsumura, Kenji Ashida, Ichiro Tokubuchi, Mutsuyuki Demiya, Miyuki Kitamura, Hiroyuki Ohshima, Mamiko Yano, Ayako Nagayama, Junichi Yasuda, Munehisa Tsuruta, Seiichi Motomura, Shigeo Yoshida and Masatoshi Nomura
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:168
  46. Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) is a hip disorder frequently occurring in adolescence. In adults it is rare and so far very few cases have been documented.

    Authors: Nadia Sawicka-Gutaj, Waldemar Woźniak, Jakub Naczk, Mateusz Pochylski, Jacek Kruczyński, Bartłomiej Budny, Ewelina Szczepanek-Parulska and Marek Ruchała
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2021 21:167

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