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  1. Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is one of the most severe acute complications of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). Patients with DKA of different severities may have different clinical manifestations, serum biochem...

    Authors: Qingxu Liu, Xiaoqin Yin and Pin Li
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:301
  2. 17α-hydroxylase deficiency (17OHD) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder. Aldosterone levels are usually low in patients with 17OHD. However, among the approximately 150 cases of 17OHD reported to date, aldos...

    Authors: Yuki Ishinoda, Asuka Uto, Yoshifumi Yamada, Maki Okazaki, Hidetomo Asada, Seina Wakamatsu, Isao Kurihara, Hironori Shibata, Tomohiro Ishii, Tomonobu Hasegawa, Hiroo Kumagai and Akira Kasuga
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:300
  3. GnRHa treatment was established for improving final adult height (FAH) in children presenting with Idiopathic central precocious puberty (ICPP) up to age 8, while several controversies remained for older age g...

    Authors: Ming-ming Ni, Shu-ting Yang, Wen-wen Wu, Shan-shan Wang, Man Li, Qing-qing Liu and Xing Ji
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:299
  4. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is diagnosed based on chronic anovulation, androgen excess (clinical and/or biochemical), and polycystic ovaries in ultrasound. The aim of the present study was to evaluate whi...

    Authors: Asieh Mansour, Amir Pejman Hashemi Taheri, Behnaz Moradi, Mohammad Reza Mohajeri-Tehrani, Mostafa Qorbani, Sahar Ghorbani Pashakolaee, Milad Sanginabadi and Sayed Mahmoud Sajjadi-Jazi
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:298
  5. Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a fast-growing health problem that imposes an enormous economic burden. Several studies demonstrated the association between physical inactivity and predicting the incidence of diabet...

    Authors: Abdelrahman A. Jamiel, Husam I. Ardah, Amjad M. Ahmed and Mouaz H. Al-Mallah
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:297
  6. Type 2 Diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is one of the most common endocrine diseases that weakens the immune system. Candida albicans, is part of the natural oral flora and increases in cases of compromised immune system...

    Authors: Atefe Halimi, Nazanin Mortazavi, Ali Memarian, Maryam Zahedi, Farhad Niknejad, Ahmad Sohrabi and Shakiba Javadian Sarraf
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:296
  7. Sodium-Glucose-Co-Transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitor (Empagliflozin) is an effective drug in controlling blood glucose through predominantly glycosuria. Glycosuria increases the risk of genitourinary infections i...

    Authors: Azizul Hasan Aamir, Umar Yousaf Raja, Faisal Masood Qureshi, Ali Asghar, Saeed Ahmed Mahar, Ibrar Ahmed, Tahir Ghaffar, Jamal Zafar, Mohammad Imtiaz Hasan, Amna Riaz, Syed Abbas Raza, Irshad Ahmed Khosa, Jahanzeb Khan and Jaffer Bin Baqar
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:295
  8. To explore facilitators and barriers to self-management engagement of Chinese people with poorly controlled type 2 diabetes.

    Authors: Yuan Liu, Jiajia Jiang, Wenjun You, Dandan Gong, Xiaoqing Ma, Min Wu and Feng Li
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:294
  9. Tumor infiltration with cytotoxic CD8+ T-cells is associated with a favorable outcome in several neoplasms, including thyroid cancer. The chemokine axis CXCR4/SDF-1 correlates with more aggressive tumors, but ...

    Authors: Alexander Wilhelm, Isabelle Lemmenmeier, Alexandros Lalos, Alberto Posabella, Venkatesh Kancherla, Salvatore Piscuoglio, Tarik Delko, Markus von Flüe, Kathrin Glatz and Raoul André Droeser
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:292
  10. Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICI) targeting cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated protein 4 (CTLA-4), programmed cell death protein 1 and its ligand (PD-1/PD-L1) have become the current standard-of-care for advan...

    Authors: Jeroen M. K. de Filette, Stéphanie André, Lynn De Mey, Sandrine Aspeslagh, Rafik Karmali, Bart J Van der Auwera and Bert Bravenboer
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:291
  11. Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a chronic, progressive lifestyle disease and the most rapidly growing health challenge of the twenty-first century. The American Diabetes Association recommends that T2D reversal can b...

    Authors: Chhavi Goyal Mehra, Annie Mattilda Raymond and Rekha Prabhu
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:290
  12. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine disorder with heterogeneous aetiology. It is characterized by irregular menses and or oligo/anovulation, hyper-androgenism, and polycystic ovaries. The pr...

    Authors: I. Ranathunga, T. G. Athukorala, M. R. Sumanatilleke and N. P. Somasundaram
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:289
  13. The importance of genetic and dietary factors in occurrence and progression of chronic diseases such as metabolic syndrome (MetS) has been established. However, complex interrelationships, including direct and...

    Authors: Mahdieh Khodarahmi, Goli Siri, Farnoosh Erahimzadeh, Mahdieh Abbasalizad Farhangi and Dariush Shanehbandi
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:288
  14. Ionizing radiation (IR) is high-energy radiation that has the potential to displace electrons from atoms and break chemical bonds. It has the ability to introduce mutations, DNA strand breakage, and cell death...

    Authors: Sanaa A. El-Benhawy, Enayat I. Fahmy, Sherien M. Mahdy, Galal H. Khedr, Alyaa S. Sarhan, Mohamed H. Nafady, Yousef A. Yousef Selim, Tarek M. Salem, Nehal Abu-Samra and Hany A. El Khadry
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:287
  15. Previous studies have indicated an association between birth weight (BW) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), but few studies have explored this relationship under different conditions of obesity in adulthood.

    Authors: Pu Song, Hui Hui, Manqing Yang, Peng Lai, Yan Ye, Ying Liu and Xuekui Liu
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:285
  16. To investigate whether exposure to systemic antibiotics influences the risk of developing type 2 diabetes and overweight/obesity.

    Authors: Joel Nuotio, Teemu Niiranen, Tomi T. Laitinen, Jessica Miller, Matthew A. Sabin, Aki S. Havulinna, Jorma S. A. Viikari, Tapani Rönnemaa, Nina Hutri-Kähönen, Tomi P. Laitinen, Päivi Tossavainen, Veikko Salomaa, Olli T. Raitakari, David P. Burgner and Markus Juonala
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:284
  17. People living with type 1 diabetes (PWT1D) are at increased risk for impairments in brain function, which may impact on daily life. Cognitive impairments in PWT1D might contribute to increasing eating disorder...

    Authors: Sylvain Iceta, Léonie Sohier, Catherine Bégin, Anne-Sophie Brazeau, Rémi Rabasa-Lhoret and Claudia Gagnon
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:283
  18. To evaluate the association of vitamin D and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) with weight loss (WL) percentage (%) in patients with diabetes/prediabetes and Class II/III obesity.

    Authors: Kemal Ağbaht and Serhan Vahit Pişkinpaşa
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:282
  19. Irisin is a novel myokine both in mice and humans, and it can also be secreted by adipose tissue and the liver in a small amounts. There are few studies on irisin and bone metabolism. The aim of this study was...

    Authors: Junru Liu, Xing Wang, Dongmei Fan, Lina Sun, Weinan Zhang, Fuzai Yin and Bowei Liu
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:281
  20. Coexistence of a catecholamine-secreting tumor and an adrenal cortical tumor is quite rare which makes both diagnosis and management challenging. The purpose of this article is to describe the presence of this...

    Authors: Yu-Chen Hsu, Cheng-Han Lee, Chen-Yu Chen and Chung-Jye Hung
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:279
  21. 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (DiGeorge syndrome) is associated with multiple organ dysfunctions such as cardiac defects, immunodeficiency, and hypoplasia of parathyroid glands. Moreover, the phenotype of 22q11.2 ...

    Authors: Xuelian Chen, Lichuan Yang, Jianwei Li and Huiwen Tan
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:278
  22. Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and its related complications contribute to the high morbidity and mortality in worldwide. Skeletal muscle insulin resistance plays a critical role in the onset of T2DM due to t...

    Authors: Jianjuan Ke, Xiaohua Hu, Changhua Wang and Yemin Zhang
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:276
  23. We aimed to explore descriptive epidemiology of T1 and T2 Diabetes Mellitus (DM) and to investigate demographic factors and comorbidities associated with all-cause mortality by aggregating and utilizing large-...

    Authors: Dinara Galiyeva, Arnur Gusmanov, Yesbolat Sakko, Alpamys Issanov, Kuralay Atageldiyeva, Kainar Kadyrzhanuly, Aiymzhan Nurpeissova, Marzhan Rakhimzhanova, Aigul Durmanova, Antonio Sarria-Santamera and Abduzhappar Gaipov
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:275
  24. A novel non–insulin-based metabolic score for insulin resistance (METS‐IR) index has been proposed as a simple and reliable alternative insulin resistance (IR) marker, but its the predictive value in asymptoma...

    Authors: Zhenwei Wang, Xiaofang Hui, Xu Huang, Jingjie Li and Naifeng Liu
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:274
  25. Depression is a risk factor for type 2 diabetes (T2D) and cardiovascular disease (CVD). The aims were to explore the prevalence of depression, anxiety, antidepressant use, obesity, Hemoglobin A1c > 64 mmol/mol...

    Authors: Eva O. Melin, Pär Wanby, Thomas Neumark, Sara Holmberg, Ann-Sofi Nilsson Neumark, Karin Johansson, Mona Landin-Olsson, Hans Thulesius, Magnus Hillman and Maria Thunander
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:273
  26. We aimed to evaluate the performance of Chinese visceral adiposity index (CVAI), visceral adiposity index (VAI), lipid accumulation product (LAP), triglyceride glucose (TyG) as indices in screening abnormal gl...

    Authors: Qianqian Yin, Xiaonan Yan, Yijuan Cao and Jianhua Zheng
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:272
  27. Gallbladder stone diseases (GSD) is a main risk factor of gallbladder cancer (GBC). This study aimed to reveal their bridge to metabolic syndrome.

    Authors: Yong Wan, Jianqin Zhang, Min Chen, Mao Ma and Binwu Sheng
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:270
  28. Machine learning was a highly effective tool in model construction. We aim to establish a machine learning-based predictive model for predicting the cervical lymph node metastasis (LNM) in papillary thyroid mi...

    Authors: Yanling Huang, Yaqian Mao, Lizhen Xu, Junping Wen and Gang Chen
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:269
  29. The role of the Endocannabinoids (ECs) in insulin resistance, and their association with visceral obesity and metabolic profile have been studied extensively. Since the association between ECs and metabolic fa...

    Authors: Hadi Bazyar, Khadijeh Nasiri, Parisa Ghanbari, Elahe Mohammadi, Neda Lotfi Yagin, Maryam Khazdouz, Vahideh Aghamohammadi and Shafagh Ali Asgarzadeh
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:268
  30. Research suggests that fibrinogen (Fib) is related to mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) and the risk of MCI in patients with DPN is greatly increased, although no studies...

    Authors: Yong Zhuang, Huibin Huang, Zhenfei Fu, Jinying Zhang and Qingyan Cai
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:267
  31. Diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN), due to its potential for causing morbidity and disability from foot ulcers and amputations, is increasingly becoming a source of concern in Saudi Arabia and worldwide. How...

    Authors: Lukman Femi Owolabi, Mushabab Alghamdi, Bappa Adamu, Magaji Garba Taura, Abubakar Jibo, Mohammed Almansour, Saeed Naseer Alaklabi, Mohammed Ali Alghamdi, Yousef Ayesh Alotaibi, Isa Adamu Imam, Reda Abdelrazak, Ahmad Rafaat and Muktar Hassan Aliyu
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:266
  32. Ovarian steroid cell tumors (SCTs), not otherwise specified (NOS), are rare, with few large studies. The purpose of this study was to analyze the clinical features, prognosis, and treatment choices for these p...

    Authors: Mengyan Lin, Kechun Bao, Lingjia Lu, Shuhang Xu, Yun Liang, Xiaodong Cheng and Fenfen Wang
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:265
  33. Proneurotensin (Pro-NT) is a strong predictor of cardiometabolic disease including type 2 diabetes and obesity, however, the effect of lifestyle change on Pro-NT has not been investigated in this context. Midd...

    Authors: Louise Bennet, Ayesha Fawad, Joachim Struck, Sara Lönn Larsson, Andreas Bergmann and Olle Melander
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:264
  34. The purpose of this study was to survey the associations of six single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the TMOD1 and PTCSC2 genes with thyroid carcinoma (TC).

    Authors: Kaijun Tong, Chang Zhang, Tingting Yang, Rongbiao Guo, Xinyuan Wang, Renyang Guan and Tianbo Jin
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:263
  35. Non-islet cell tumour hypoglycemia (NICTH) is rarely encountered in clinical practice. Insulin-like growth factor 2 (IGF2) is the most common cause of NICTH observed in the setting of mesenchymal and epithelia...

    Authors: Mairead T. Crowley, Eibhlin Lonergan, Peter O’Callaghan, Caroline M. Joyce, M. Morita, Niamh Conlon and Domhnall J. O’Halloran
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:262
  36. Lipid and glucose metabolism abnormalities are associated with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The triglyceride–glucose (TyG) index is a recently developed indicator that can identify individuals at ...

    Authors: Wei Li, Yan Wang, Feng He, Zhuo Liu, Jie Dong, Yuqi Zhang, Tianfang Li, Shengyun Liu and En Chen
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:261
  37. Several studies on various bariatric surgeries involving patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) showed an overall rate of remission of hyperglycemia. However, there is little known about predictive fact...

    Authors: Marziyeh Moradi, Ali Kabir, Davood Khalili, Maziar Moradi Lakeh, Masoud Solaymani Dodaran, Abdolreza Pazouki, Mohammad Kermansaravi, Peyman Alibeigi, Hashem Moazenzadeh, Mohammad Reza Abdolhosseini, Foolad Eghbali and Hamid Reza Baradaran
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:260
  38. Parathyroid carcinoma is an uncommon cause of PTH-dependent hypercalcemia. Only a handful of cases have been reported of parathyroid carcinoma during pregnancy.

    Authors: Chinthana Dematapitiya, Chiara Perera, Sivatharshiya Pathmanathan, Vindya Subasinghe, Gayani Anandagoda, Vajira Dissanayaka, Umesha Wijenayake, Preethi Dissanayake, Kavinga Gamage, Piyumi Wijewickrama and Manilka Sumanatilleke
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:259
  39. In India, the prevalence of overweight among adolescents is on the rise, setting the stage for an increase in metabolic syndrome (MS). This paper presents the national prevalence of MS in adolescents in India.

    Authors: Sowmya Ramesh, Ransi Ann Abraham, Avina Sarna, Harshpal S. Sachdev, Akash Porwal, Nizamuddin Khan, Rajib Acharya, Praween K. Agrawal, Sana Ashraf and Lakshmi Ramakrishnan
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:258
  40. Addison’s disease is primary adrenal dysfunction and is characterized by decrease of cortisol level and increase of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) level. It is known that infection is one of main causes of...

    Authors: Hideaki Kaneto, Fuminori Tatsumi, Mana Ohnishi, Yuichiro Iwamoto, Yukino Katakura, Masashi Shimoda, Shuhei Nakanishi, Kohei Kaku and Tomoatsu Mune
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:257
  41. Growth differentiation factor 15 (GDF15) was newly discovered to be a promising target of metformin. The study was aimed to investigate the relationship between GDF15 and glycemic control after metformin treat...

    Authors: Fei Gao, Cheng Li, Yufei Wang, Jingyi Lu, Wei Lu, Jian Zhou, Jun Yin and Xiaojing Ma
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:256
  42. The clinicopathological characteristics of solid pseudopapillary tumor (SPT) and pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasm (pNEN) are different. We, therefore, systematically investigated the performance of the clini...

    Authors: Leshuang Wu, Tianle Zou, Dan Shi, Huan Cheng, Muhammad Shahbaz, Muhammad Umar, Tianfeng Li, Xianbin Zhang, Peng Gong and Yushan Wei
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:255
  43. Gestational diabetes is one of the most common metabolic disorders during pregnancy. Some studies have reported the effect of vitamin D deficiency on the incidence of this disorder. Therefore, the purpose of t...

    Authors: Zahra Mirzaei-Azandaryani, Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh-Charandabi, Elnaz Shaseb, Shamsi Abbasalizadeh and Mojgan Mirghafourvand
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:254
  44. The incidence of papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) concomitant with Hashimoto’s thyroiditis (HT) is gradually increasing over the past decades. This study aims to identify differentially expressed lncRNAs between...

    Authors: Yuepeng Zhang and Yueli Tian
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:252

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