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Table 4 Association between FPG and the prevalence of TB

From: The association of glycemic level and prevalence of tuberculosis: a meta-analysis

Study Type of study Populations TB Non-TB P
Exposure n Mean ± SD/Median [IQR] Exposure n Mean ± SD/Median [IQR]
Leal 2019 Case-control study DM (n = 135) FPG (mg/dL) 31 Mean ± SD:
193.17 ± 1.83
FPG (mg/dL) 90 Mean ± SD: 145.04 ± 36.92 0.001
Khalil 2016 Case-control study DM (n = 80) FPG (mg/dL) 80 Mean ± SD:
214.28 ± 67.43
FPG (mg/dL) 80 Mean ± SD:
153.53 ± 41.03
< 0.01
Kumpatla 2013 A cross–sectional study DM (n = 6967) FPG (mg/dL) 47 Mean ± SD:
189.4 ± 75.1
FPG (mg/dL) 6920 Mean ± SD:
170.4 ± 69.7
0.17
Sanchez-Jimenez 2018 A cross–sectional study DM (n = 50) FPG (mg/dL) 25 Mean ± SD: 107.3 ± 60.1 FPG (mg/dL) 25 Mean ± SD:
186.6 ± 91.4
<  0.0001
Berkowitz 2018 A cross–sectional study DM (n = 440) FPG (mmol/L) 13 Median [IQR]: 8.2 [6.3–10.4] FPG (mmol/L) 421 Median [IQR]: 8.2 [6.1–11.7] Not shown
Martinez-Aguilar 2015 A cross–sectional study DM (n = 600) FPG (mg/dL) 308 Median [IQR]: 164 [126.2–237.5] FPG (mg/dL) 292 Median [IQR]: 169 [126.5–234.5] 0.81
Marupuru 2017 Case–control study DM (n = 451) FPG (mg/dL) 152 Median [IQR]: 178 [124–243] FPG (mg/dL) 299 Median [IQR]: 163 [125–234] Not shown
  1. Abbreviation: CI: confidence interval, DM: Diabetes mellitus, FPG: fasting plasma glucose, IQR: interquartile range, OR: odd ratio, SD: standard deviation, TB: Tuberculosis