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Table 1 Baseline characteristics and dietary intake of various Apolipoprotein B gene polymorphisms in patients with type 2 diabetes

From: Deletion allele of Apo B gene is associated with higher inflammation, oxidative stress and dyslipidemia in obese type 2 diabetic patients: an analytical cross-sectional study

Variable Patients
Non-obese
n = 90
Obese
n = 72
Total
n = 162
Polymorphisms Ins/Ins
n = 60
Del carrier
n = 30
Ins/Ins
n = 47
Del carrier
n = 25
Ins/Ins
n = 107
Del carrier
n = 55
Age, year 54.77 ± 6.25 55.73 ± 5.33 53.13 ± 6.91 52.92 ± 7.18 54.05 ± 6.57 54.45 ± 6.34
BMI, kg/m2 26.22 ± 2.26 26.21 ± 2.44 33.1 ± 3.57 33.29 ± 3.33 29.23 ± 4.48 29.43 ± 4.56
Waist circumference, cm 86.92 ± 7.76 84.79 ± 9.02 100.34 ± 9.34 95.74 ± 9.94 92.81 ± 10.77 89.86 ± 10.87
Physical activity, time/day 39.64 ± 6.4 38.42 ± 5.3 37.55 ± 5.46 37.48 ± 3.69 38.72 ± 6.07 37.99 ± 4.62
Sex
  Male 27 (45) 10(33.3) 14 (29.8) 8 (32) 41(38.3) 18 (32.7)
  Female 33 (55) 20 (66.7) 33 (70.2) 17(68) 66 (61.7) 37(67.3)
Dietary intake       
  Energy, kcal/day 2572 ± 905 2680 ± 1677 2374 ± 702 2737 ± 1141 2485 ± 824 2706 ± 1445
  Carbohydrate, g/day 352.97 ± 6.92 367.92 ± 9.79 318.42 ± 11 346.47 ± 15.1 338.22 ± 6.20 357.35 ± 8.66
  Protein, g/day 90.52 ± 2.3 96.98 ± 3.26 85.39 ± 2.25 83.02 ± 3.11 88.61 ± 1.73 89.97 ± 2.42
  Fat, g/day 101.09 ± 3.48 92.29 ± 4.92 106.52 ± 4.29 96.8 ± 5.92 103 ± 2.79 95.3 ± 3.89
  PUFA, g/day 23.51 ± 1.29 21.68 ± 1.73 27.47 ± 1.53 22.97 ± 2.12 25.08 ± 1.02 22.6 ± 1.43
  MUFA, g/day 32.8 ± 1.34 31.64 ± 1.89 38.03 ± 1.83 32.44 ± 2.52 34.88 ± 1.14 32.37 ± 1.6
  SFA, g/day 26.51 ± 0.86 26.73 ± 1.22 27.28 ± 1.2 25.63 ± 1.66 26.76 ± 25.34 26.4 ± 1
  Fiber, g/day 42.82 ± 20.65 48.95 ± 13.5 36.77 ± 15.3 42.86 ± 19.5 40.16 ± 18.7 46.18 ± 39.7
Intake of lipid lowering drugs       
  Yes 29(48.3) 20 (66.7) 20 (42.6) 15 (60) 49 (45.8) 35 (63.6)
  No 31(51.7) 10(33.3) 27 (57.4) 10 (40) 58 (54.2) 20 (36.4)
Intake of antidiabetic drugs    
  Yes 54 (90) 27 (90) 44 (93.6) 24 (96) 98 (91.6) 51 (92.7)
  No 6 (10) 3 (10) 3 (6.4) 1 (24) 9 (8.4) 4 (7.3)
  1. Significant difference in the obese population using the independent t-test (p<0.05)
  2. Significant difference in total population using the chi-square test (p<0.05)
  3. BMI body mass index, PUFA poly unsaturated fatty acid, MUFA mono unsaturated fatty acid, SFA saturated fatty acids