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Table 3 The association of demographic, behavioral, and anthropometric characteristics with prevalence of prediabetes based on the adjusted analyses—logistic regression model among participants: The Hoveyzeh Cohort Study

From: Prevalence of prediabetes and associated factors in southwest iran: results from Hoveyzeh cohort study

Variables Male Female Total
▀Adjusted OR (95%CI) p ▀Adjusted OR (95%CI) P ▀Adjusted OR (95%CI) P
Age 1.04(1.03,1.05)  < 0.001 1.05(1.04,1.06)  < 0.001 1.04 (1.04,1.05)  < 0.001
Marital status (Single)
 Married 0.75 (0.33, 1.69) 0.49 0.76 (0.56, 1.03) 0.081 0.77 ( 0.58, 1.03) 0.08
 Widow 0.36 (0.06, 2.04) 0.247 0.91 (0.63, 1.31) 0.598 0.91 (0.64, 1.28) 0.9
 Divorced 0.22 (0.025, 2.01) 0.18 1.1 (0.67, 1.8) 0.703 1.01 (0.63, 1.61) 0.97
Wealth Score (Moderate)
 Poorest 0.89 (0.67, 1.18) 0.42 0.98 (0.78, 1.2) 0.84 0.97 (0.82, 1.15) 0.97
 Poor 1.12 (0.85, 1.45) 0.43 0.85 (0.68, 1.06) 0.152 0.95 (0.8, 1.1) 0.95
 Rich 1.04 (0.8, 1.35) 0.78 1.14 (0.91, 1.43) 0.24 1.11 (0.94, 1.3) 0.22
 Richest 1.2 ( 0.94, 1.5) 0.15 1(0.8, 1.25) 0.998 1.09 (0.92, 1.29) 0.3
Smoking cigarette (No)
 Yes 1.16 (0.97, 1.38) 0.1 1.04 (0.8, 1.35) 0.76 1.11 (0.97, 1.28) 0.128
Alcohol drinker (No)
 Yes 1.06 (0.71, 1.58) 0.77 2.37 (0.45, 12.5) 0.31 1.11 (0.76, 1.62) 0.6
History of Cardiac Ischemic (No)
 Yes 1.45(1.09,1.93) 0.01 0.99 (0.81,1.23) 0.98 1.14 (0.96,1.34) 0.13
History of Myocardial infarction (No)
 Yes 0.89 (0.47,1.67) 0.71 0.73(0.36,1.46) 0.38 0.83 (0.52,1.33) 0.44
History of Stroke (No)
 Yes 0.91(0.44,1.88) 0.79 1.69 (0.85,3.38) 0.14 1.24 (0.76,2.04) 0.39
Hypertension (No)
 Yes 1.47 (1.19,1.81)  < 0.001 1.32 (1.12, 1.56) 0.001 1.38 (1.21, 1.57)  < 0.001
 Sleep duration (h) 1.02 (0.99, 1.03) 0.352 1.01 (0.97, 1.04) 0.421 1.03 (0.99, 1.05) 0.397
Body Mass Index (Normal)
 Underweight 1.09 (0.55,2.16) 0.8 1.54 (0.8,3) 0.2 1.3 (0.81,2.09) 0.28
 Overweight 1.7 (0.86,3.35) 0.12 2.08(1.08,3.99) 0.03 1.9 (1.19,3.03) 0.007
 Obese 2.62 (1.32,5.18) 0.006 3.66 (1.91,7.02)  < 0.001 3.18 (1.99,5.07)  < 0.001
Waist Circumstance (cm) (normal)
 Abnormal* 1.026 (1.01 1.04)  < 0.001 1.022 (1.01, 1.03)  < 0.001 1.024 (1.02, 1.03)  < 0.001
 Hip Circumference (cm) 1.02 (1.006, 1.04) 0.006 1.007 (1, 1.02) 0.63 1.01 (1.003, 1.02) 0.008
Waist-to-Hip ratio (normal)
 Abnormal** 1.059 (0.81, 1.38) 0.68 1.14 (0.88, 1.46) 0.316 1.11 (0.93, 1.33) 0.255
Physical Activity (Quartile 1)
 Quartile 2 1.18 (0.95,1.46) 0.14 0.93 (0.74, 1.165) 0.52 1.06 (0.91,1.24) 0.44
 Quartile 3 1.24(0.97,1.59) 0.08 0.9 (0.74, 1.09) 0.28 1.05(0.9,1.22) 0.52
 Quartile 4 1.22(0.95,1.57) 0.12 0.85 (0.7, 1.032) 0.1 0.99 (0.86,1.15) 0.94
Daily Energy (Kcal) (Quartile 1)
 Quartile 2 1.06 (0.8,1.4) 0.69 1.11 (0.89,1.39) 0.99 1.11(0.96,1.3) 0.16
 Quartile 3 1.04 (0.83,1.32) 0.71 1(0.8,1.25) 0.76 1.01(0.87,1.18) 0.89
 Quartile 4 0.85 (0.69,1.05) 0.13 0.96(0.76,1.22) 0.42 0.91(0.78,1.06) 0.23
  1. *Abnormal waist circumstance was defined as ≥ 102 cm in men and ≥ than 88 cm in women
  2. **A normal WHR was considered as ≤ 0.85 and ≤ 0.90 for women and men, respectively
  3. OR Odds ratio, CI Confidence Interval. P-value < 0.05 was considered significant
  4. ▀Adjusted for age real, Marital status, wealth scores, smoking cigarette, Alcohol drinker, history of CI, MI, and stroke, Body Mass Index, PA, and daily energy intak