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Table 2 Clinical, anthropometric, biochemical markers of bone turnover and related variables of subjects according to serum 25(OH)D concentrations [mean (SD)] unless stated otherwise

From: Vitamin D deficiency associations with metabolic, bone turnover and adverse general health markers in community free living adults

Characteristic Deficiency
25(OH)D (< 20 ng/ml)
Insufficiency
25(OH)D (20-32 ng/ml)
Optimal
25(OH)D (> 32 ng/ml)
P value
Weight (Kg) 77.8 (18) 78.76 (18) 80.81 (18) 0.313
BMI 29.47 (11) 29.13 (14) 28.89 (5) 0.910
SBP (mmHg) 122.8 (17) 125.7 (16) 124.2 (14) 0.320
DBP (mmHg) * 74.84 (8) 77.5 (8) 76.94 (8) 0.012*
HbA1C (%) 5.77 (0.97) 5.63 (0.90) 5.79 (1.13) 0.175
Glucose (mmol/L) 6.25 (2.67) 6.03 (2.44) 6.22 (2.73) 0.614
Hs CRP (mg/L) 3.68 (4.34) 3.36 (3.42) 3.10 (2.97) 0.326
Cholesterol (mmol/L) 4.82 (0.99) 4.88 (0.93) 4.78 (0.95) 0.598
HDL (mmol/L) 1.28 (0.73) 1.26 (0.39) 1.26 (0.36) 0.911
LDL (mmol/L) 3.26 (0.92) 3.26 (0.86) 3.11 (0.87) 0.246
Triglycerides (mmol/L) 1.34 (0.90) 1.45 (1.07) 1.39 (1.19) 0.457
Calcium (mmol/L) 2.29 (0.11) 2.28 (0.99) 2.29 (0.11) 0.679
Phosphate (mmol/L) 1.18 (0.20) 1.21 (0.17) 1.18 (0.19) 0.084
Osteocalcin (ng/ml) 18.0 (7.07) 18.11 (8.43) 17.97 (12.1) 0.986
PTH (pg/ml) 29.52 (18.5 28.72 (15.35) 32.37 (48.2) 0.441
P1NP (ng/ml) 50.22 (23) 47.71 (21.48) 50.85 (59.8) 0.600
CTX1 (ng/ml) 10.17 (7.3) 11.83 (7.58) 10.41 (6.56) 0.212
U-DPD (nmol/L) 95.57 (47.8) 90.81 (44.9) 93.89 (48.6) 0.837
U-PYD (nmol/L) 230.14 (89.6) 234.11 (104) 217.38 (93) 0.670
PYD/Cr (nmol/mmol) 24.14 (11.6) 24.34 (12) 22.61 (11.8) 0.738
DPD/Cr (nmol/mmol) 10.29 (6.03) 9.63 (5.66) 10.13 (6.5) 0.806
  1. *P < 0.05
  2. Abbreviations: HDL High density lipoprotein, LDL Low density lipoprotein, HsCRP High sensitivity C reactive protein, PTH Parathyroid Hormone, P1NP Procollagen type-1 N-terminal propeptide, CTX1 C-terminal telopeptide of type −1 collagen, U DPD Urine Deoxypyridinoline, U PYD Urine Pyridinoloine, OSTEO Osteocalcin