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Table 1 Baseline characteristics according to different thyroid function categories among patients with COVID-19

From: Suppression of the hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid axis is associated with the severity of prognosis in hospitalized patients with COVID-19

  NTF Subclinical hypothyroidism Severe NTIS Mild to moderate NTIS P values
No. of participants 184 17 11 23  
Age, years 57.4 (0.99) 63.0 (3.27) 65.4 (4.06) 72.2 (2.81) < 0.001
Men, % 88 (47.8) 6 (35.3) 6 (54.5) 12 (52.2) 0.696
History of chronic diseases, %
 Diabetes 27 (14.7) 2 (11.8) 2 (18.2) 5 (21.7) 0.734
 Hypertension 50 (27.2) 6 (35.3) 6 (54.5) 11 (47.8) 0.063
 Coronary heart disease 15 (8.2) 1 (5.9) 2 (18.2) 4 (17.4) 0.247
 Stroke 3 (1.60) 0 (0.00) 2 (18.2) 4 (17.4) 0.001
 Chronic pulmonary disease 12 (6.5) 0 (0.0) 2 (18.2) 0 (0.0) 0.156
 Chronic liver disease 4 (2.2) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 1.000
 Chronic kidney disease 1 (0.5) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 3 (13.0) 0.011
 Cancer 9 (4.9) 1 (5.9) 2 (18.2) 2 (8.7) 0.168
Onset of symptom to, days
 Hospital admission 19.9 (0.92) 19.4 (3.17) 15.1 (4.08) 13.9 (2.66) 0.154
 Confirmation of COVID-19 11.6 (0.86) 13.5 (2.96) 7.88 (3.80) 8.92 (2.48) 0.495
  1. Data are means (SE) and are adjusted for age and sex unless otherwise indicated percentages. Abbreviations: COVID-19 coronavirus disease 2019, NTF Normal thyroid function, NTIS Non-thyroidal illness syndrome