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Table 1 Patients’ characteristics

From: Predictors of mortality among patients with type 2 diabetes in Jordan

  N = 957
Patients characteristics
 Age, years 60.99 ± 0.37
 Male gender 482 (50.40)
 BMI (Kg/m2), n = 171 32.33 ± 1.49
 Hx of hypertension 789 (82.44)
 Hx of heart failure 99 (10.35)
 Hx of CAD 470 (49.11)
 Hx of PAD 38 (3.97)
 Hx of stroke/TIA 119 (12.43)
 Hx of VTE 21 (2.19)
 Hx of AF 47 (4.91)
 Hx of CKD 115 (12.02)
 Hx of AKI 163 (19.47)
 Dialysis 24 (2.50)
 Hx of COPD 29 (3.03)
Diabetes mellitus
 Type 2 957 (100.0)
 Diabetic nephropathy 41 (4.28)
 DKA 12 (1.43)
 Controlled DM, HbA1c < 7% 63 (6.65)
 Duration of DM, yrs. 7.93 ± 0.21
 NA 42 (4.38)
Hx of smoking
 Current smoking 149 (15.56)
 X smoker 76 (7.94)
 NA 424 (44.30)
Mortality 97 (10.14)
Lab tests (mg/dl)
 Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL) 134.82 ± 2.17
 High Density Lipoprotein (HDL) 42.09 ± 0.64
 Triglyceride 267.77 ± 8.29
 Total cholesterol (Tch) 207.04 ± 2.52
 Fasting plasma glucose 265.58 ± 3.71
 HbA1c % (mmole/mole) 10.19 ± 0.078
 Creatinine level (mg/dl) 1.59 ± 0.060
 Microalbuminuria 304 (31.77)
 Macroalbuminuria 154 (16.11)
Echocardiographic data
 Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), % 55.13 ± 0.003
 atrial size, cm 3.88 ± 0.0175
Use of medications, n (%)
 ACEIs/ARBs 741(77.43)
 Aldosterone antagonists 80 (8.35)
 Thiazide diuretics 350 (36.61)
 Loop diuretics 372 (38.87)
 Beta blockers 693 (72.41)
 Digoxin 67 (7.00)
 Statins 818 (85.47)
 Oral Hypoglycemic drugs 926 (96.76)
 Insulin 604 (63.11)
 Aspirin 793 (82.86)
  1. Values are presented as mean ± SEM, and percentages N (%) for categorical variables. BMI body mass index, CAD coronary artery disease, PAD peripheral artery disease, TIA transient ischemic attack, AF atrial fibrillation, VTE venous thromboembolism, CKD chronic kidney disease, AKI acute kidney injury, COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, Hx history, HbA1c glycosylated hemoglobin, DKA diabetic ketoacidosis, ACEI angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor, ARBs angiotensin-II receptor blockers, NA not available. Unit for lipids and glucose is mg/dl