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Table 2 General characteristics of participants in three grouped of SFA (gr/d), PUFA (gr/d), and fat intake (gr/d) among studied population

From: Variants of the cry 1 gene may influence the effect of fat intake on resting metabolic rate in women with overweight of obesity: a cross-sectional study

Variables SFA intake (gr/d) PUFA intake (gr/d) Total Fat Intake(%)
Low
< 25.76
High
≥25.76
p-value* p-value** Low
< 18.81
High
≥18.81
p-value* p-value** Low
< 30%
High
≥30%
p-value* p-value**
Age (year) 37.24 ± 9.15 36.42 ± 9.23 0.40 0.27 37.29 ± 9.19 36.10 ± 9.21 0.20 0.15 35.46 ± 9.07 37.32 ± 9.07 0.05 0.78
Body composition
Weight (kg) 81.38 ± 10.99 81.06 ± 12.86 0.80 0.97 81.17 ± 12.02 81.16 ± 12.52 0.99 0.85 82.61 ± 13.11 80.59 ± 12.02 0.12 0.59
Height (cm) 161.00 ± 5.70 161.222 ± 5.98 0.73 0.48 161.52 ± 6.06 160.77 ± 5.69 0.20 0.64 162.13 ± 5.58 160.74 ± 5.96 0.02 0.76
FFM (kg) 47.02 ± 5.68 46.23 ± 5.65 0.19 0.52 46.84 ± 5.57 46.15 ± 5.75 0.22 0.54 47.48 ± 5.75 46.01 ± 5.63 0.10 0.95
BMI (kg/m2) 31.46 ± 3.93 31.18 ± 4.47 0.24 0.60 31.14 ± 4.31 31.40 ± 4.30 0.56 0.73 31.45 ± 4.52 31.45 ± 4.17 0.50 0.72
BFM (kg) 34.62 ± 7.52 34.78 ± 9.30 0.04 0.99 34.34 ± 8.58 35.12 ± 8.90 0.32 0.39 35.25 ± 9.43 34.46 ± 8.37 0.38 0.35
WHR 0.93 ± 0.04 1.28 ± 5.64 0.47 0.29 1.40 ± 6.52 0.93 ± 0.05 0.05 0.90 0.93 ± 0.05 1.28 ± 5.63 0.46 0.14
WC (cm) 99.68 ± 8.86 99.54 ± 10.64 0.02 0.90 99.73 ± 9.73 99.44 ± 10.42 0.77 0.91 100.37 ± 10.36 99.20 ± 9.91 0.26 0.39
Biochemical assessment
FBS (mg/dL) 86.98 ± 9.26 87.75 ± 9.82 0.55 0.53 87.18 ± 9.67 87.83 ± 9.60 0.59 0.67 86.37 ± 8.06 77.08 ± 10.36 0.18 0.11
HOMA-IR (mg/dL) 3.28 ± 1.20 3.46 ± 1.45 0.33 0.02 3.34 ± 1.20 3.32 ± 1.35 0.89 0.73 3.31 ± 1.04 3.37 ± 1.37 0.74 0.27
TC (mg/dL) 182.49 ± 32.27 186.50 ± 38.14 0.41 0.28 189.47 ± 38.12 180.53 ± 33.69 0.05 0.10 184.64 ± 37.14 186.54 ± 33.16 0.68 0.06
HDL (mg/dL) 45.06 ± 10.45 47.69 ± 10.96 0.07 0.12 45.77 ± 11.45 47.90 ± 9.99 0.12 0.23 46.76 ± 11.90 46.48 ± 10.31 0.84 0.48
LDL (mg/dL) 90.75 ± 21.53 97.20 ± 25.22 0.01 0.02 95.51 ± 24.51 94.51 ± 23.93 0.74 0.46 94.67 ± 22.50 95.63 ± 24.99 0.76 0.38
TG (mg/dL) 132.74 ± 74.84 112.98 ± 51.67 < 0.001 0.87 122.15 ± 59.45 115.14 ± 60.32 0.36 0.95 128.24 ± 66.37 113.23 ± 54.47 0.05 0.63
hs. CRP (mg/L) 3.70 ± 4.01 4.62 ± 4.92 0.15 0.08 3.94 ± 4.51 4.69 ± 4.77 0.22 0.63 4.39 ± 4.42 4.32 ± 4.74 0.91 0.81
RMR measurement
RMR (kcal/day) 1565.08 ± 241.12 1582.93 ± 268.67 0.58 0.30 1566.88 ± 259.51 1586.74 ± 259.88 0.51 0.39 1590.78 ± 256.01 1566.89 ± 261.85 0.45 0.16
RQ 0.85 ± 0.04 0.85 ± 0.04 0.75 0.88 0.85 ± 0.04 0.85 ± 0.04 0.66 0.27 0.85 ± 0.0 0.85 ± 0.04 0.79 0.75
RMR per Kg body weight
(kcal/day/kg)
19.38 ± 3.16 19.79 ± 3.09 0.30 0.15 19.57 ± 3.17 19.73 ± 3.07 0.67 0.26 19.53 ± 3.24 19.62 ± 3.03 0.81 0.33
RMR per BSA
(kcal/day/m2)
846.30 ± 116.32 855.46 ± 116.32 0.52 0.31 847.98 ± 115.27 856.68 ± 114.02 0.52 0.35 853.25 ± 111.15 848.66 ± 115.51 0.80 0.20
RMR per BMI
(kcal/day/kg/m2)
50.80 ± 9.00 51.66 ± 8.76 0.43 0.24 51.34 ± 8.93 51.41 ± 8.77 0.94 0.43 51.68 ± 8.79 51.08 ± 8.74 0.90 0.18
RMR per FFM
(kcal/day/kg)
33.28 ± 4.31 34.13 ± 4.57 0.12 0.11 33.26 ± 4.13 34.42 ± 4.77 0.02 0.05 33.57 ± 4.33 33.86 ± 4.55 0.46 0.06
RMR deviation
(%)
−9.26 ± 12.94 −7.74 ± 12.56 0.34 0.22 −8.56 ± 13.18 −7.95 ± 12.22 0.69 0.39 −8.44 ± 12.59 −8.49 ± 12.44 0.97 0.28
IPAQ
Low 40 (32.0%) 85 (68.0%) 0.15 0.39 64 (51.2%) 61 (48.8%) 0.80 0.87 40 (31.5%) 87 (68.5%) 0.7 0.51
Moderate 36 (31.3%) 79 (68.7%) 54 (47%) 64 (53%) 41 (34.5%) 78 (65.5%)
High 7 (58.3%) 5 (41.7%) 6 (50%) 6 (50%) 3 (41.7%) 7 (58.3%)
rs2287161 genotypes
CC + GC 88 (33.3%) 176 (66.7%) 0.46 0.93 129 (48.9%) 135 (51.1%) 0.48 0.79 93 (34.4%) 177 (65.5%) 0.63 0.94
GG 37 (38.6%) 63 (62.4%) 54 (53.5%) 47 (46.5%) 40 (37.4) 67 (62.6%)
History of weight loss in past years
Yes 69 (35.4%) 126 (64.6%) 0.18 0.56 95 (48.7%) 100 (51.3%) 0.67 0.32 70 (35.7%) 126 (64.3%) 0.72 0.68
No 47 (28.8%) 116 (71.2%) 83 (50.9%) 80 (49.1%) 63 (37.5%) 105 (62.5%)
  1. Quantitative variables were reported with mean and SD and qualitative variables with number and percentage
  2. values were calculated by Independent T.test as Mean ± SD
  3. *P values resulted from the analysis of Independent T.test for continuous variables and chi-square test for categorical variables. We also performed a Tukey test to compare each genotype with other types for continuous variables
  4. **P-value is found by ANCOVA and adjusted for age, BMI, physical activity, and total energy intake
  5. BMI body mass index, WC waist circumference, WHR waist-to-hip ratio, FFM fat free mass, HDL high density lipoprotein, hs-CRP high-sensitivity C reactive protein, LDL low density lipoprotein, BMR basal metabolic rate, TG triacylglycerol, TC total cholesterol, PUFA poly unsaturated fatty acid, SFA saturated fatty acid, HOMA homeostatic model assessment, GLU Glucose, RMR resting metabolic rate, RQ respiratory quotient, RMR/BSA resting metabolic rate per body surface area, RMR/FFM resting metabolic rate per fat free mass, RMR/BMI resting metabolic rate per body mass index
  6. Cut point IPAC: low < 600 METs, moderate:600–3000 METs, high> 3000 METs