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Table 2 Mean and standard deviation (SD) for lipid profile across tertiles of DASH and MED dietary patterns1

From: The Mediterranean diet and dietary approach to stop hypertension (DASH)-style diet are differently associated with lipid profile in a large sample of Iranian adults: a cross-sectional study of Shahedieh cohort

  MED DASH
T1 T2 T3 P-value2 P-value3 T1 T2 T3 P-value2 P-value3
TC 4 190.4 ± 39.1 190.7 ± 44.9 191.3 ± 38.7 0.81 0.78 191.9 ± 41.2 190.7 ± 40.1 189.9 ± 40.1 0.41 0.01*
TG 4 161.3 ± 98.8 163.3 ± 95.0 159.2 ± 95.2 0.53 0.89 167.4 ± 104.4 157.7 ± 94.3 158.6 ± 90.8 0.01* 0.01*
HDL 4 51.6 ± 11.6 52.10 ± 12.2 52.8 ± 12. 3 0.01* 0.04* 51.3 ± 11.6 52.6 ± 12.1 52.5 ± 12.3 0.01* 0.06
LDL 4 107.7 ± 31.2 106.5 ± 31.6 107.7 ± 30.6 0.54 0.78 108.3 ± 31.8 107.3 ± 29.9 106.7 ± 32.0 0.42 0.01*
LDL/HDL 4 2.16 ± 0.7 2.12 ± 0.7 2.12 ± 0.7 0.16 0.23 2.17 ± 0.7 2.12 ± 0.7 2.10 ± 0.7 0.03* 0.01*
  1. 1Values are reported as mean ± SD. T1: first tertile; T2: second tertile; T3: third tertile
  2. 2one-way ANOVA
  3. 3Adjusted for age, sex, and energy intake (Kcal/day), marital status (married/single/divorced or widowed), BMI, physical activity (sedentary/moderate/active), education level (illiterate/ primary school/ high school diploma/college and university), smoking (no/ yes), economic status (poor/ moderate/ good) using analysis of covariance (ANCOVA)
  4. 4TC total cholesterol, TG triglyceride, HDL high-density lipoprotein, LDL low-density lipoprotein
  5. *Values with distinct superscripts are significantly different at P < 0.05