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Table 4 Factors associated with eating behavior of adults with type 2 diabetes (n = 421)

From: Eating behavior among persons with type 2 diabetes mellitus in North Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study

Characteristic Healthy in one dimension Healthy in two dimensions
AOR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI)
Age
 26–44 years 3.72 (1.56, 8.85) * 0.7 (0.20, 3.15)
 45–64 1.04 (0.64, 1.67) 0.65 (0.23, 1.84)
 65+ Ref.  
Sex
 Male Ref.  
 Female 1.78 (1.03, 3.08)* 1.57 (0.59, 4.12)
Religion
 Orthodox Ref.  
 Others 0.54 (0.25, 1.18) 1.59 (.17, 4.32)
Residence
 Urban Ref.  
 Rural 1.03 (0.56, 1.89) 2.64 (0.55, 12.75)
Marital status
 Single Ref.  
 Married 0.98 (0.50, 1.89) 0.49 (0.13, 1.83)
 Divorced 1.15 (0.48, 2.78) 1.38 (.19, 9.87)
 widowed 1.41 (0.62, 3.16) 1.58 (0.26, 9.64)
Educational status
 Illiterate 2.00 (1.00, 3.98) 2.92 (0.85, 10.01)
 Read & write 1.41 (0.68, 2.92) 1.87 (0.54, 6.49)
 Primary level 1.71 (0.79, 3.70) 1.93 (0.56, 6.68)
 Secondary level 2.39 (0.89, 6.4) 2.47 (0.47, 13.04)
 College & above Ref.  
Economic status
 Poor 0.53 (0.31, 0.91)* 0.42 (0.16,1.13)
 Average 0.44 (0.26, 0.75)* 0.54 (0.19, 1.55)
 Rich Ref.  
Nutrition education
 Received 1.73 (1.09, 2.74)* 3.65 (1.31, 10.18)*
 Not received Ref.  
  1. Reference-unhealthy in all dimensions
  2. Model fitting: X2(df) = 53.2 (30), P = 0.006, Goodness- of -fit, P = 0.391; Pseudo R2 = 14.3%; AOR = Adjusted Odds ratio; *significant variable (P. value < 0.05). CI – Confidence interval; Overall unhealthy = having unhealthy eating behavior in all the three dimensions, Healthy in 1 = having healthy behavior in one dimension out of the three, Healthy in 2 = having healthy behavior in two dimensions out of the three