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Table 3 The results of subgroup analysis

From: Is diabetes mellitus a risk factor for low bone density: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Subgroup Studies Heterogeneity analysis OR P value
Population
 Asian 14 91%, P < 0.00001 1.08 [0.74, 1.57] 0.69
 European 1 / 3.29 [2.17, 4.99] P < 0.00001
Year
 Before 2015 6 67%, P = 0.006 1.76 [1.06, 2.92] 0.03
 After 2015 9 95%, P < 0.00001 0.92 [0.56, 1.52] 0.75
Sex
 Female 6 97%, P < 0.00001 2.21 [0.62, 7.83] 0.22
 Male 3 83%, P = 0.003 1.02 [0.31, 3.39] 0.97
Economic Level
 Developed countries 5 89%, P < 0.00001 0.98 [0.49, 1.96] 0.95
 Developing countries 10 93%, P < 0.00001 1.28 [0.80, 2.07] 0.31
Diabetes type
 T1DM 1 /, P = 0.002 3.83 [1.64, 8.96] 0.002
 T2DM 3 98%, P < 0.00001 0.69 [0.11, 4.55] 0.70
Quality
 Over 7 points 13 91%, P < 0.00001 0.89 [0.67, 1.17] 0.40
 Below 7 points 6 86%, P < 0.00001 1.71 [1.19, 2.45] 0.004
  1. OR odds ratio, T2DM type 2 diabetes mellitus, T1DM type 1 diabetes mellitus