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Table 1. The demographic characteristics and laboratory findings of the participants

From: A comparison of glycemic parameters and their relationship with C-peptide and Proinsulin levels during partial remission and non-remission periods in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus - a cross-sectional study

  PRP group (n:21) Non-PRP group (n:31) P value
Age (year) 9.3±3(5-13.7) 8.9±2.6(5-13.8) 0.67
Gender (female/male) 9/12 16/15 0.259
Diabetes duration (years) 0.57±0.5(0.04-1.7) 4.3±1.5(2.2-8.7) <0.001
Daily insulin dose (u/kg) 0.35±0.11(0.13-0.5) 0.81±0.16(0.55-1.25) <0.001
HbA1c (%) (mmol/mol) 6.4(46)±0.6(-17)((5.2(33)-7.6(60)) 7.2(55)±0.6(-17)((6.2(44)-8.3(67)) <0.001
IDDAA1C (%)(mmol/mol) 7.8(62)±0.7(0.16)((6.8(51)-8.9(74)) 10.3(89)±0.8(-0.15)((8.6(70)-11.9(107)) <0.001
Estimated HbA1c (%) 6.5±0.8(4.6-8.1) 7.6 ±0.9(6.1-9.7) 0.006
CP level (pmol/L) (n:17) 739.8±537.8(288-2582) 465.6±478.9(102.6-1854) 0.002
PI level (pmol/L)(n:17) 3.9±3.7(0.64-12.1) 0.48±0.33(0.04-1.3) <0.001
PI:CP ratio 0.55
0.0055 ± 0.004(0.00085-0.15)
0.13
0.0013 ± 0.001(0.00016-0.003)
<0.001
  1. IDDAA1C: Insulin Dose Adjusted HbA1C, CP C-peptide, PI Proinsulin, PI:CP Proinsulin to C-peptide ratio