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Table 5 Factors associated with diabetes self-care behaviours (multivariate logistic regressions)

From: Inequalities and factors associated with adherence to diabetes self-care practices amongst patients at two public hospitals in Gauteng, South Africa

VariableDietary diversityMedication adherenceExerciseSMBGNon-Smoking
ORSEORSEORSEORSEORSE
Age 41–600.80980.26502.6326***0.91121.00120.52890.68220.45101.41490.6725
Age 60+0.75750.33436.3777***3.26400.35870.30910.2692*0.22740.72210.4675
Female1.6065*0.41341.13960.31741.03930.44170.41520.24637.6939***3.1335
Non-African0.81340.25890.3551***0.12060.51580.27430.2511**0.14990.2684***0.1130
Married1.13950.34931.14140.38421.07320.55212.9344*1.86811.51440.7080
Divorced1.23950.59590.83020.42470.76730.60725.27815.98900.74250.4607
Widowed0.78270.34940.3490**0.17050.85350.71111.21930.84262.14141.7505
Co-habiting1.30381.12090.70910.67631.05591.32681.0000(empty)1.22391.4795
No Children0.75340.28880.79970.31580.73930.44420.54850.38691.25250.6677
Secondary education1.44190.49260.89310.36044.48874.77250.63770.46940.44300.3025
Tertiary education1.39330.64510.95530.48776.3922*7.18060.38300.35720.41160.3236
Formal employment1.12330.33880.86140.27742.10050.97040.92720.58931.81840.8490
Informal employment0.89380.41770.95140.48371.0000(empty)1.39201.61960.70590.4361
Student1.06630.98830.75190.65766.0037*5.67691.0000(empty)1.0000(empty)
Retired2.3336*1.13451.37340.73833.24342.53070.48920.34544.2325*3.2636
Household size 5+1.23870.32530.82630.23780.4363*0.20360.48600.25061.21940.4990
Wealth Quintile 22.8709***1.02121.07240.42951.68911.27992.92642.04450.97780.5778
Wealth Quintile 32.4113***0.88140.3400***0.14362.86072.13072.11311.42180.53720.3121
Wealth Quintile 42.4690**0.97260.49720.21783.6635*2.79724.01683.46231.10180.6825
Wealth Quintile 54.6455***2.15320.99020.47395.1521**4.12414.10363.67750.79280.5055
Sample (n)334 324 316 298 322 
Pseudo R20.0604 0.1141 0.1156 0.1471 0.2189 
  1. Reference categories: Age 21–40 years, male, African, single, having children, primary education, unemployed, household size 1–4 and wealth quintile 1 (lowest wealth). All outcome variable are binary in which a value of 1 indicates a diverse diet, medication adherence, exercise, self-monitoring of blood glucose and smoking
  2. OR Odds Ratio, SE Standard Error