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Table 1 Socio-demographic profile of survey participants with diabetes from five district hospitals in Rwanda, 2015–2016

From: Socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of diabetes mellitus in rural Rwanda: time to contextualize the interventions? A cross-sectional study

Variable Rural dwellers Urban dwellers P value
N % N %
Sex
 Men 107 36.9 70 38.5 0.403
 Women 183 63.1 112 62.5
Age range (years)
  < 15 7 2.4 1 0.5 < 0.001
 15–29 145 50.0 49 26.9
 30–44 35 12.1 26 14.3
 45–59 53 18.3 61 33.5
 60–74 45 15.5 36 19.8
  ≥ 75 5 1.7 9 4.9
Education levela
 Low 269 92.8 156 85.7 0.011
 High 21 7.2 26 14.3
Herbal medicine use 36 12.4 9 4.9 0.004
Access to electricity 67 23.1 164 90.1 < 0.001
Access to running water 124 42.8 168 92.3 < 0.001
Work typeb
 Low-income 261 90.0 150 82.4 0.030
 High-income 14 4.8 20 11.0
 Missing data 15 5.2 12 6.6
Medical insurance coverage 290 100 181 99.5 0.386
  1. aLow education level includes illiterate to incomplete secondary school categories; high education level includes those who completed secondary school or higher
  2. bLow-income work includes unemployment, subsistence farming, non-paid volunteers and students; high-income work includes non-government organizations (NGOs) employees, governmental institution employees and all activities generating more than 100,000 Rwandan francs (approximately 100 USD) per month