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Table 5 Logistic regression for dairy product intake and HOMA-IR1 after controlling for confounders among females

From: Evaluation of risk factors for insulin resistance: a cross sectional study among employees at a private university in Lebanon

  HOMA-IR
Characteristic Odds Ratio 95% Confidence interval P-value
Lower Upper
Age (years) 0.946 0.891 1.005 0.073
Marital status 0.194 0.070 0.535 0.002
BMI2 (Kg/m2) 1.025 0.435 2.431 0.955
PBF3 1.162 1.040 1.298 0.008
Waist circumference risky4 1.461 0.3620 5.901 0.594
Dairy product intake (serving/ day) 1.009 0.637 1.600 0.968
Hypertriglyceridemia5 8.715 2.117 35.875 0.003
HDL6 3.056 0.951 9.823 0.061
CRP7 0.756 0.258 2.212 0.609
  1. 1 Homeostatic Model Assessment for Insulin Resistance - HOMA-IR levels ≥2.5 indicates insulin resistance [43]
  2. 2 Body Mass Index - BMI < 18.5 kg/m2, normal weight 18.5–24.9 kg/m2, overweight 25–29.9 kg/m2, and obese ≥30 kg/m2 [44]
  3. 3 Percent body fat
  4. 4 Risky waist circumference: > 102 cm in men, > 88 cm in women [44]
  5. 5 Triglycerides – Normal levels: < 150 mg/ dL [45]
  6. 6 High Density Lipoproteins – Normal levels: ≥40 mg/ dL, ≥50 mg/ dL [45]
  7. 7 C-Reactive Protein – Low/ moderate levels: < 3 mg/L [46]