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Table 1 Clinical and biochemical characteristics of the subjects

From: Vitamin D receptor and binding protein polymorphisms in women with polycystic ovary syndrome: a case control study

 PCOS (n = 432)Control (n = 927)P-value
Age (years)24 ± 527 ± 5< 0.001
Body mass index (kg/m2)24.0 ± 4.721.1 ± 2.6< 0.001
Waist circumference (cm)79 ± 1173 ± 7< 0.001
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)111 ± 10107 ± 9< 0.001
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)72 ± 969 ± 8< 0.001
Sex hormone-binding protein (nmol/l)45.8 ± 22.8108.5 ± 62.2< 0.001
Total testosterone (ng/dl)76.7 ± 18.645.9 ± 15.4< 0.001
Free testosterone (ng/dl)1.20 ± 0.430.40 ± 0.20< 0.001
Free androgen index7.5 ± 4.91.9 ± 1.2< 0.001
Fasting glucose (mg/dL)87 ± 1685 ± 70.006
Postload 2-h glucose (mg/dL)112 ± 4096 ± 19< 0.001
Fasting insulin (mIU/L)8.8 (6.3, 12.8)3.1 (0.4, 6.7)< 0.001
Postload 2-h insulin (mIU/L)50.0 (29.9, 88.2)20.5 (12.1, 35.7)< 0.001
HOMA-IR1.83 (1.30, 2.75)0.63 (0.08, 1.44)< 0.001
  1. Values are presented as mean ± SD or median (interquartile range)
  2. PCOS polycystic ovary syndrome, HOMA-IR homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance