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Table 1 Socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of study subjects (n = 314)

From: Hyperuricemia and metabolic syndrome in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients at Hawassa university comprehensive specialized hospital, South West Ethiopia

Variables Category   Uric acid level Mean ± SD P-value
N (%) Hyper uricemia(%) Normo uricaemia(%)
Sex Male 211(67.2) 70(22.3) 141(44.9)   0.76
Female 103(32.8) 36(11.5) 67(21.3)
Age (in years) < 45 120(38.2) 30(9.6) 90(28.6) 49.8 ± 9.8 0.01
≥ 45 194(61.8) 76(24.2) 118(37.6)
FHD No 259(82.5) 79(25.2) 180(57.3) 36.1 ± 8.6 0.007
Yes 55(17.5) 27(8.6) 28(8.9)
DDM (years) ≤ 10 248(79.0) 83(26.4) 165(52.5) 7.21 ± 7.4 0.83
> 10 66(21.0) 23(7.3) 43(13.7)
Regular exercise Yes 100(31.8) 28(8.9) 72(22.9) 1.5 ± 0.5 0.14
No 214(68.2) 78(24.8) 136(43.3)
MetS Yes 220(70.1) 87(27.7) 133(42.4) 26.4 ± 10.1 0.001
No 94(29.9) 19(6) 75(23.9)
BMI (Kg/m2) < 18.4 11(3.5) 3(2.8) 8(3.8) 25.6 ± 4.3 0.0001
18.5–24.9 130(41.4) 20(6.4) 110(52.9)
25–29.9 114(36.3) 52(16.6) 62(29.8)
≥ 30 59(18.8) 31(9.9) 28(13.5)
High blood pressure Yes 80(25.5) 44(14.0) 36(11.5) 101.4 ± 11.8 < 0.0001
No 234(74.5) 62(19.7) 172(54.8)
  1. FHD-family history of DM; BMI, body mass index; DDM, duration of diabetes mellitus