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Table 1 Socio-demographic and major risk factors of study participants by age

From: Age differences in diabetes-related complications and glycemic control

Characteristics Younger age (≤59) Older age (≥60) P value
  N (%) N (%)  
Sex
 Male 117 (26.8) 90 (37.5) 0.001
 Female 337 (74.2) 150 (62.5)
Education
 Illiterate 154 (33.9) 142 (59.2) <0.001
 Primary school 172 (37.9) 58 (24.2)
 Secondary school & higher 128 (28.2) 40 (16.7)
Income
 Low (<1000,000) 273 (65.0) 171 (75.7) 0.003
 Acceptable 147 (35.0) 55 (24.36)
Smoking
 Yes 33 (7.3) 26 (12.1) 0.07
 No 421 (92.7) 214 (87.9)
BMI
  < 25 79 (18.3) 41 (18.4) 0.705
 25–29.9 178 (41.2) 83 (40.1)
  ≥ 30 175 (40.5) 95 (41.5)
Disease Duration (year)
  ≤ 3 97 (21.5) 38 (15.8) 0.110
 4–7 115 (25.4) 46 (19.2)
  ≥ 7 240 (53.1) 156 (65)
Hypertension
 No 196 (46.3) 87 (36.9) 0.019
 Yes 227 (53.7) 149 (63.1)
Total Cholesterol
 Desirable 365 (92.4) 198 (93.8) 0.317
  ≥ 240 30 (7.6) 13 (6.2)
HbA1c
  < 7 143 (37) 77 (37) 0.99
  ≥ 7 244 (63) 131 (63)
Complication
 No 249 (54.8) 103 (43.9) 0.003
 Yes 205 (45.2) 137 (57.1)