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Table 2 Multinomial logistic regression analyses findings of factors associated with knowledge on diabetes among T2DM patients JUTH, 2014

From: Diabetes related knowledge, self-care behaviours and adherence to medications among diabetic patients in Southwest Ethiopia: a cross-sectional survey

Variable Knowledge, n (%) n = 309 Low versus High Medium versus High
Low (n = 139) Medium (n = 62) High (n = 108) COR (95%CI) AOR (95%CI) COR (95%CI) AOR (95%CI)
Sex Male 89 (64) 38 (61.3) 62 (57.4) 1.3 (0.8, 2.2) - 1.2 (0.6, 2.2) -
Female 50 (36) 24 (38.7) 46 (42.6) 1 - 1 -
Age <40 years 5 (3.8) 2 (3.4) 5 (5.1) 0.5 (0.1, 1.9) - 0.5 (0.1, 3.1) -
40-60 years 80 (61.1) 39 (66.1) 69 (70.4) 0.6 (0.3, 1.1) - 0.8 (0.4, 1.6) -
>60 years
Missing
46 (35.1)
8
18 (30.5)
4
24 (24.5)
10
1 - 1 -
Marital status Married 111 (79.9) 52 (83.9) 88 (81.5) 1.1 (0.5, 2.4) 0.9 (0.3, 2.3) 1.2 (0.5, 3.1) 0.7 (0.2, 2.4)
Single 12 (8.6) 3 (4.8) 6 (5.5) 1.8 (0.5, 5.9) 1.6 (0.4, 7) 1 (0.2, 5.2) 0.6 (0.1, 3.9)
Widow/er 16 (11.5) 7 (11.3) 14 (13) 1 1 1 1
Level of Education Illiterate 60 (43.2) 18 (29) 31 (28.7) 2.6 (1.3, 4.9)* 3.1 (1.03, 9.3)* 0.9 (0.4, 2.04) 0.4 (0.1, 1.7)
Primary 51 (36.7) 21 (33.9) 40 (37) 1.6 (0.9, 3.2) 1.9 (0.8, 4.9) 0.8 (0.4, 1.8) 0.4 (0.1, 1.3)
20 and above 28 (20.1) 23 (37.1) 37 (34.3) 1 1 1 1
Occupation Employed 28 (20.1) 16 (25.8) 28 (25.9) 0.8 (0.3, 1.8) 0.6 (0.2, 1.8) 2 (0.6, 7.1) 1.4 (0.3, 6.2)
Unemployed 31 (22.3) 18 (29) 29 (26.9) 0.8 (0.3, 1.9) 0.5 (0.2, 1.4) 2.1 (0.6, 7.6) 3.3 (0.7, 16.1)
Merchant 14 (10.1) 6 (9.7) 9 (8.3) 1.2 (0.4, 3.6) 0.7 (0.2, 2.7) 2.3 (0.5, 10.6) 3.8 (0.7, 22.2)
Farmer 48 (34.5) 18 (29) 28 (25.9) 1.3 (0.6, 3.09) 0.5 (0.2, 1.6) 2.3 (0.6, 7.9) 2.4 (0.5, 12.1)
Daily labor 18 (12.9) 4 (6.5) 14 (13) 1 1 1 1
Family/social support Yes 85 (61.2) 29 (46.8) 61 (56.5) 1.2 (0.7, 2) 0.9 (0.5, 1.7) 0.6 (0.4, 1.3) 0.6 (0.3,1.3)
No 54 (38.8) 33 (53.2) 47 (43.5) 1 1 1 1
DM Family history Yes 38 (27.3) 9 (14.5) 29 (26.9) 1.03 (0.6, 1.8) 1.3 (0.6, 2.5) 0.5 (0.2, 1.06) 0.5 (0.2, 1.4)
No 101 (72.7) 53 (85.5) 79 (73.1) 1 1 1 1
Glucometer at home Yes 12 (8.6) 3 (4.8) 15 (13.9) 0.6 (0.3, 1.3) 0.5 (0.2, 1.3) 0.3 (0.09, 1.1) 0.3 (0.07, 1.3)
No 127 (91.4) 59 (95.2) 93 (86.1) 1 1 1 1
Cigarette smoking Yes 10 (7.2) 5 (8.1) 7 (6.5) 1.1 (0.4, 3) - 1.2 (0.4, 4) -
No 129 (92.8) 57 (91.9) 101 (93.5) 1 - 1 -
Alcohol drinking Yes
No
7 (5)
132 (95)
3 (4.8)
59 (95.2)
7 (6.5)
101 (93.5)
0.8 (0.3, 2.2)
1
-
-
0.7 (0.2, 2.9)
1
-
-
Khat chewing status Yes 32 (23) 19 (30.6) 26 (24.1) 0.9 (0.5, 1.7) - 1.4 (0.7, 2.8) -
No 107 (77) 43 (69.4) 82 (75.9) 1 - 1 -
BMI in Kg/m2 <18 11 (7.9) 3 (4.8) 3 (2.8) 6.9 (1.5, 32)* 6.4 (1.2, 34.9)* 2.5 (0.4, 16) 3.5 (0.4, 30.1)
18-25 78 (56.1) 33 (53.2) 50 (46.3) 2.9 (1.2, 7.4)* 2.5 (0.9, 7) 1.6 (0.6, 4.7) 2.6 (0.8, 8.9)
  25-30 42 (30.2) 20 (32.3) 40 (37) 1.9 (0.8, 5.2) 2.4 (0.8, 6.9) 1.3 (0.4, 3.7) 2.09 (0.6, 7.4)
> = 30 8 (5.8) 6 (9.7) 15 (13.9) 1 1 1 1
Self-care behaviour Good 61 (43.9) 36 (58.1) 61 (56.5) 0.6 (0.3, 1) 0.5 (0.3, 0.9)* 1.1 (0.6, 2) 0.9 (0.4, 2.09)
Poor 78 (56.1) 26 (41.9) 47 (43.5) 1 1 1 1
Duration of DM in year <5 73 (52.5) 41 (66.1) 31 (28.7) 4.7 (2.3, 9.5)* 4.2 (1.9, 9.5)* 9.5 (3.3, 27.1)* 9.8 (3.2, 30.2)*
5-10 48 (34.5) 16 (25.8) 41 (38) 2.3 (1.2, 4.7)* 1.8 (0.8, 3.9) 2.8 (0.9, 8.4) 2.5 (0.8, 8.1)
>10 18 (13) 5 (8.1) 36 (33.3 1 1 1 1
Glycemic control level Good 100 (71.9) 38 (61.3) 81 (75) 1.2 (0.7, 2) - 1.9 (0.9, 3.7) 0.9 (0.4, 2.09)
Poor 39 (28.1) 24 (38.7) 27 (25) 1 - 1 1
  1. * Statistically significant at P-value < = 0.05
  2. T2DM type 2 diabetes Mellitus, JUTH Jimma University Teaching Hospital