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Table 3 Characteristics of insulin and oral antidiabetic medication use among patients, by country

From: Geographic patterns in patient demographics and insulin use in 18 countries, a global perspective from the multinational observational study assessing insulin use: understanding the challenges associated with progression of therapy (MOSAIc)

  All patients N = 4,341 China N = 373 GermanyN = 149 India N = 918 Mexico N = 206 Russia N = 240 Saudi Arabia N = 226 USA N = 540
  N (%)
Any insulin regimen together with:         
 0 oral antidiabetic drugs 1449 (33) 203 (54) 90 (60) 161 (18) 120 (58) 127 (53) 56 (25) 149 (28)
 1 oral antidiabetic drug 1388 (32) 109 (29) 41 (28) 243 (27) 58 (28) 69 (29) 41 (18) 224 (41)
 2 oral antidiabetic drugs 977 (23) 52 (14) 14 (9) 282 (31) 21 (10) 37 (15) 78 (35) 132 (24)
 3 or more oral antidiabetic drugs 527 (12) 9 (2) 4 (3) 232 (25) 7 (3) 7 (3) 51 (23) 35 (6)
Insulin regimen         
 Basal insulin only 2234 (51) 60 (16) 65 (44) 252 (27) 146 (71) 197 (82) 140 (62) 355 (66)
 Basal + short-acting insulin only 237 (5) 3 (1) 6 (4) 11 (1) 15 (7) 13 (5) 1 (0) 32 (6)
 Mixed insulin only 1310 (30) 249 (67) 66 (44) 522 (57) 34 (17) 19 (8) 40 (18) 93 (17)
 Short-acting insulin only 175 (4) 13 (4) 5 (3) 43 (5) 9 (4) 10 (4) 0 (0) 20 (4)
 Other insulin combinations 385 (9) 48 (13) 7 (5) 90 (10) 2 (1) 1 (0) 45 (20) 40 (7)
Insulin injection frequency         
 Once per day 2579 (59) 128 (34) 80 (54) 415 (45) 152 (74) 161 (67) 147 (65) 373 (69)
 Twice per day 1585 (37) 220 (59) 58 (39) 494 (54) 51 (25) 77 (32) 78 (35) 144 (27)
 Three times per day 177 (4) 25 (7) 11 (7) 9 (1) 3 (2) 2 (1) 1 (0) 23 (4)
Insulin delivery device         
 Pen 3220 (74) 372 (100) 141 (95) 541 (59) 67 (33) 220 (93) 142 (63) 243 (45)
 Syringe 1109 (26) 1 (0) 8 (5) 373 (41) 138 (68) 17 (7) 84 (37) 296 (55)