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Table 3 Clinical and laboratory characteristics of patients with parents with diabetes (mother or father) and no relatives with diabetes.

From: Familial history of diabetes and clinical characteristics in Greek subjects with type 2 diabetes

  Parents with diabetes No relatives with diabetes P
n 630 684  
Age (years) 64.87 ± 11.07 68.09 ± 12.35 <0.001
Males/females n (%) 311 (49.4)/319 (50.6) 322 (47.1)/362 (52.9) 0.41
Body mass index (Kg/m2) 31.22 ± 5.87 30.67 ± 5.35 0.08
Age at diabetes diagnosis (years) 50.06 ± 12.32 54.21 ± 13.74 <0.001
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 1135.39 ± 18.83 136.31 ± 18.35 0.37
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 79.14 ± 10.65 78.86 ± 10.27 0.64
HbA1c (%) 7.72 ± 3.28 7.68 ± 3.29 0.81
Total cholesterol (mg/dl) 205.19 ± 64.09 203.51 ± 44.65 0.59
HDL cholesterol (mg/dl) 48.29 ± 22.75 57.50 ± 13.73 0.46
LDL cholesterol (mg/dl) 122.95 ± 44.23 125.08 ± 40.99 0.39
Triglycerides (mg/dl) 168.08 ± 116.79 158.91 ± 89.59 0.12
Hypertension (yes) n (%) 371 (58.9) 425 (62.1) 0.12
Dyslipidemia (yes) n (%) 314 (49.8) 305 (44.6) 0.06
Retinopathy (yes) n (%) 113 (17.9) 99 (14.5) 0.08
Nephropathy (yes) n (%) 22 (3.51) 27 (3,9) 0.66
Coronary artery disease (yes) n (%) 99 (15.8) 115 (16.8) 0.59
Treatment for diabetes n (%)    
Antidiabetic tablets 423 (67.1) 448 (65.5) 0.53
Insulin 195 (31.0) 215 (31.4) 0.84