Skip to main content

Table 2 Resting echocardiographic measurements

From: Echocardiographic assessment of subclinical left ventricular eccentric hypertrophy in adult-onset GHD patients by geometric remodeling: an observational case-control study

  Severe GHD (n = 38) Mild GHD (n = 16) Controls (n = 20) p-value
M-mode and two-dimensional parameters
LVEDD (mm) 49.4 ± 5.8 49.1 ± 4.0 49.3 ± 4.0 NS
LVESD (mm) 30.7 ± 4.5 29.4 ± 3.9 30.1 ± 3.5 NS
IVS (mm) 9.8 ± 1.8 10.6 ± 1.4 10.0 ± 1.5 NS
PW (mm) 7.8 ± 1.4 7.8 ± 1.3 8.4 ± 1.4 NS
RWT 0.36 ± 0.05 0.38 ± 0.05 0.38 ± 0.06 NS
LVM (g) 194.2 ± 62.6 197.8 ± 46.6 195.3 ± 44.5 NS
LVMi (g/m2) 104.8 ± 27.6 109.1 ± 24.9 106.1 ± 22.7 NS
LVDV (ml) 82.3 ± 20.7 77.2 ± 19.2 80.8 ± 15.5 NS
LVSV (ml) 30.4 ± 9.2 27.4 ± 8.3 31.7 ± 6.6 NS
LA systolic area (cm2) 16.8 ± 3.8 15.7 ± 2.5 16.7 ± 1.4 NS
RA systolic area (cm2) 14.2 ± 2.9 13.6 ± 2.2 14.1 ± 1.3 NS
Pericardial adiposity 26 (68.4%)* 10 (71.4%)* 4 (20%) <0.001
Left ventricular function
EFS (%) 39.0 ± 5.1 40.1 ± 5.5 38.8 ± 4.9 NS
MFS (%) 18.6 ± 2.7 18.8 ± 1.8 18.1 ± 2.3 NS
LVEF (%) 63.5 ± 5.8 63.6 ± 9.0 61.5 ± 5.3 NS
Mitral E/A velocity ratio 1.24 ± 0.56 0.99 ± 0.27 1.18 ± 0.48 NS
E-dt 175.5 ± 36.8 195.7 ± 53.2 173.7 ± 39.8 NS
PV S/D ratio 1.1 ± 0.6 1.0 ± 0.5 1.3 ± 0.3 NS
PV A velocity 28.9 ± 3.2 29.3 ± 5.2 27.3 ± 4.2 NS
  1. Values are mean ± SD. Scheffé test for comparison of individual groups: *p < 0.01 (groups A-B vs C).
  2. Legends: E/A, Early/late diastolic velocity at left ventricular (LV) inflow; E-dt, E-velocity deceleration time; EFS, Endocardial fractional shortening; IVS, Interventricular septal thickness; LA, Left atrium; LVDV, LV diastolic volume; LVEDD, LV end-systolic diameter; LVEF, LV ejection fraction; LVESD, LV end-systolic diameter; LVM/LVMi, absolute/indexed LV mass; LVSV, LV systolic volume; MFS, midwall fractional shortening; PV, Right superior pulmonary vein; PW, Posterior wall thickness; RA, Right atrium; RWT, Relative wall thickness; S/D, Systolic/Diastolic velocity.