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Table 6 Logistic regression for middle and highest tertile creatinine-adjusted urine concentrations compared to the lowest tertile for phthalate metabolites and bisphenol A

From: Exploring the potential association between brominated diphenyl ethers, polychlorinated biphenyls, organochlorine pesticides, perfluorinated compounds, phthalates, and bisphenol a in polycystic ovary syndrome: a case–control study

Agent N Cases N Controls Tertile Odds ratio 95% C.I.   Adjusted ORa Exact 95% C.I Exact p-value
Phthalate metabolites          
mBzP 16 18 Middle 0.43 0.16-1.14   0.24 0.06-0.86 0.025
Monobenzyl phthalate 13 20 Highest 0.27 0.10-0.75 0.012 0.15 0.03-0.58 0.004
mBP 15 19 Middle 0.21 0.07-0.58 0.012 0.14 0.03-0.54 0.002
Mono-n-butyl phthalate 14 19 Highest 0.41 0.15-1.12 0.003 0.25 0.06-0.96 0.042
mEHP 11 20 Middle 0.22 0.08-0.65 0.006 0.17 0.04-0.63 0.005
Mono-2-ethylhexyl phthalate 16 17 Highest 0.87 0.34-2.21   0.91 0.26-3.19  
mEP 16 18 Middle 0.27 0.10-0.75 0.012 0.12 0.02-0.48 0.001
Monoethyl phthalate 15 18 Highest 0.66 0.25-1.75   0.30 0.06-1.18  
mCNP 16 19 Middle 1.00 0.39-2.59   0.80 0.23-2.71  
Mono (carboxynonyl) phthalate 18 14 Highest 1.06 0.41-2.77   1.45 0.43-5.07  
mCOP 18 16 Middle 2.82 1.05-7.60 0.040 2.27 0.61-8.84  
Mono (carboxyoctyl) phthalate 14 18 Highest 1.45 0.55-3.85   1.58 0.46-5.55  
mCPP 16 14 Middle 0.78 0.30-2.07   0.83 0.23-2.91  
Mono-3-carboxypropyl phthalate 14 19 Highest 0.54 0.21-1.44   0.36 0.09-1.28  
mECPP 16 17 Middle 0.95 0.36-2.45   0.78 0.22-2.73  
Mono-2-ethyl-5-carboxypentyl 16 17 Highest 1.85 0.69-4.91   2.09 0.57-8.16  
mEHHP 15 19 Middle 0.66 0.25-1.72   0.50 0.15-1.66  
Mono-2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl 16 17 Highest 1.00 0.38-2.63   1.27 0.34-4.96  
mEOHP 16 17 Middle 0.94 0.36-2.45   0.88 0.27-2.87  
Mono-2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl phthalate 15 18 Highest 0.84 0.32-2.18   1.07 0.29-4.00  
miBP 17 17 Middle 0.58 0.22-1.54   0.56 0.16-1.91  
Mono-isobutyl phthalate 12 21 Highest 0.40 0.15-1.08   0.31 0.08-1.08  
Phenols          
BPA 15 16 Middle 0.43 0.16-1.15   0.44 0.13-1.46  
Bisphenol A 14 20 Highest 0.84 0.32-2.21   0.73 0.20-2.58  
  1. aControlling for age, BMI, and race.
  2. Bold font highlights, for any individual agent, middle or highest tertile serum concentrations that are significantly different than the lowest tertile concentration.