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Table 1 Characteristics of patients provided by the general practitioners

From: Reasons given by general practitioners for non-treatment decisions in younger and older patients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus in the United Kingdom: a survey study

  Patients < 65 years (n = 1, 023) Patients ≥ 65 years (n = 1, 005) p-value
Demographics    
Age at survey, years 50.7 ± 9.2 74.1 ± 7.3 < 0.001
Male 61 54 0.001
Body mass index, kg/m2 31.2 ± 6.4 28.9 ± 5.4 < 0.001
Diabetes-related characteristics    
Age at diabetes diagnosis, years 48.2 ± 9.2 70.1 ± 8.5 --
Duration of diabetes*, months 18 (9, 36) 25 (11, 60) < 0.001
HbA1c closest to diabetes diagnosis, % 7.4 ± 1.1 7.4 ± 1.2 0.389
Most recent HbA1c, % 6.8 ± 0.9 6.8 ± 0.7 0.101
HbA1c change from diagnosis, % -0.5 (-6.9, 7.5) -0.4 (-8.5, 1.5) 0.189
Proportion with most recent HbA1c ≥7% 31 32 0.600
FBG closest to diagnosis, mmol/L 9.1 ± 2.8 9.0 ± 2.6 0.505
Most recent FBG, mmol/L 7.1 ± 1.9 7.0 ± 2.0 0.824
   Proportion with most recent FBG ≥7 mmol/L 21 20 0.380
Other characteristics and comorbidities    
   Serum creatinine, μmol/L 85.7 ± 25.5 97.7 ± 31.7 < 0.001
   LDL-cholesterol, mmol/L 2.7 ± 2.3 2.5 ± 1.3 0.019
   HDL-cholesterol, mmol/L 1.3 ± 0.5 1.4 ± 0.5 0.084
   Triglycerides, mmol/L 2.1 ± 1.3 1.7 ± 0.8 < 0.001
Cardiovascular conditions 5.2 18.3 < 0.001
   Ischemic heart disease 3.5 9.4 < 0.001
   Myocardial infarction 1.8 4.4 < 0.001
   Peripheral vascular disease 0.9 2.1 0.027
   Stroke 0.6 3.9 < 0.001
Microvascular complications 4.3 15.4 < 0.001
   Neuropathy 0.7 1.3 0.184
   Retinopathy 1.1 2.0 0.105
   Renal disease 2.8 13.2 < 0.001
Total number of medications 2 (0, 3) 3 (1, 6) < 0.001
Patient's living situation    
   Living with spouse/other family member/alone 98.8 89.1 < 0.001
  1. Data are expressed as mean ± standard deviation, frequency (%), or median (interquartile range).
  2. FBG = fasting blood glucose
  3. *Time from first diagnosis of type 2 diabetes mellitus to survey date