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  1. To evaluate the effectiveness of individualized-dose polyethylene glycol recombinant human growth hormone (PEG-rhGH) for short stature.

    Authors: Jiajia Chen, Yan Zhong, Haiyan Wei, Shaoke Chen, Zhe Su, Lijun Liu, Liyang Liang, Ping Lu, Linqi Chen, Ruimin Chen, Shining Ni, Xinli Wang, Li Li, Yunfeng Wang, Xu Xu, Yanfeng Xiao…
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:201
  2. The coexistence of primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) and giant toxic nodular goiter is very rare. Moreover, PHPT could be easily overlooked because hyperthyroidism may also lead to hypercalcemia. A 99mTc-MIBI...

    Authors: Wei Zhang, Fangyi Liu, Kang Chen, Yajing Wang, Jingtao Dou, Yiming Mu, Zhaohui Lyu and Li Zang
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:200
  3. Graves’ disease (GD) and papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) can be concomitant. The existence of a link between these entities has long been investigated, but a clear correlation hasn’t been established. We report...

    Authors: Marilyn A. Arosemena, Nicole A. Cipriani and Alexandra M. Dumitrescu
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:199
  4. Uric acid was found to have a positive correlation with thyroid nodules in the cross-sectional studies recently. We aimed to conduct a retrospective cohort study to investigate whether uric acid is a risk fact...

    Authors: Yingshi Huang, Zexin Li, Kaiji Yang, Lili Zhang, Chiju Wei, Peixuan Yang and Wencan Xu
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:197
  5. Prevalence rates of hyperuricemia and gout are increasing. Clinical investigations of hyperuricemia-related risk factors aid in the early detection, prevention, and management of hyperuricemia and gout. Ongoin...

    Authors: Jia Yao, Yuan Zhang, Jia Zhao, Yu-Ping Lin, Qi-Yun Lu and Guan-Jie Fan
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:196
  6. Bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) is a widely used method to assess total body fat (TBF) depots characterising obesity. Automated BIA devices provide an inexpensive and easy assessment of TBF, making them...

    Authors: Hanen Samouda and Jérémie Langlet
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:195
  7. Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is considered as one of the major public health problems globally. Health education strategies can help in managing blood glucose level and complications among DM patients. Health educat...

    Authors: Ramesh Kumar, Sidra Rehman, Gul Muhammad Baloch, Muskan Vankwani, Ratana Somrongthong and Sathirakorn Pongpanich
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:194
  8. In our previous published study, we demonstrated that a qualitatively assessed elevation in deltoid muscle echogenicity on ultrasound was both sensitive for and a strong predictor of a type 2 diabetes (T2DM) d...

    Authors: Kelli A. Rosen, Anay Thodge, Amy Tang, Brendan M. Franz, Chad L. Klochko and Steven B. Soliman
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:193
  9. Obesity is associated with low testosterone levels that could be caused by many mechanisms. Adropin, a peptide hormone, its levels are decreased in obesity and its receptors are expressed in the hypothalamus, ...

    Authors: Asmaa A. Muhammed, Rania M. H. M. Eid, Wafaa Salah Mohammed and Mahmoud R. Abdel-Fadeil
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:192
  10. Limited data show that changes in fasting plasma glucose (FPG changes) are related to the incidence of type 2 diabetes (T2D). We aimed to correlate FPG changes with incident diabetes and evaluate FPG changes a...

    Authors: Chenghu Huang, Chenhong Ren, Xiuping Xuan, Yi Luo and Caibi Peng
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:191
  11. This investigation with aimed the effect of APOA2–265 T > C polymorphism and dietary acid load (DAL) as either potential renal acid load (PRAL) and net endogenous acid production (NEAP) intake interaction on meta...

    Authors: Faezeh Abaj, Zahra Esmaeily, Zeinab Naeini, Masoumeh Rafiee and Fariba Koohdani
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:190
  12. Dimethyl fumarate (DMF) is an effective drug for multiple sclerosis and can improve the cognitive dysfunction caused by streptozotocin, but the effect on cognitive dysfunction caused by hypothyroidism is unclear.

    Authors: Haiyan Pan, Yanbo Wang, Xiaowei Wang and Ci Yan
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:188
  13. To investigate the diagnostic value of ultrasound gray scale ratio (UGSR) in differentiating papillary thyroid microcarcinomas (PTMCs) from benign micronodules (BMNs) in patients with Hashimoto’s thyroiditis (...

    Authors: Zhijiang Han, Lesi Xie, Peiying Wei, Zhikai Lei, Zhongxiang Ding and Ming Zhang
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:187
  14. Diabetes mellitus (DM) and its cardiovascular disease (CVD) complication are among the most frequent causes of death worldwide. However, the metabolites linking up diabetes and CVD are less understood. In this...

    Authors: Shaghayegh Hosseinkhani, Pooneh Salari, Fatemeh Bandarian, Mojgan Asadi, Shapour Shirani, Niloufar Najjar, Hojat Dehghanbanadaki, Parvin Pasalar and Farideh Razi
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:186
  15. The global COVID-19 pandemic requires urgent development of new vaccines. Endocrinological adverse effects following the new mRNA vaccine against COVID-19 have been reported in several cases. Specific to the i...

    Authors: Shuhei Morita, Tomoya Tsuji, Shohei Kishimoto, Shinsuke Uraki, Ken Takeshima, Hiroshi Iwakura, Hiroto Furuta, Masahiro Nishi, Hidefumi Inaba and Taka-aki Matsuoka
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:185
  16. Ectopic ACTH-dependent Cushing syndrome is rarely caused by pheochromocytoma (PCC). Glucocorticoid-regulated positive feedback loops in ACTH and catecholamines were proposed in some similar cases.

    Authors: Fumi Saishouji, Sarie Maeda, Hideaki Hamada, Noriko Kimura, Ai Tamanoi, Saiko Nishida, Masaji Sakaguchi, Motoyuki Igata, Kiho Yokoo, Fumi Kawakami, Eiichi Araki and Tatsuya Kondo
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:184
  17. As part of an evaluation of an oral healthcare practice-based model that identifies patients with prediabetes or type-2 diabetes, this study reports on the proportion of patients identified with clinically con...

    Authors: Rodrigo Mariño, Andre Priede, Michelle King, Geoffrey G. Adams, Maria Sicari and Mike Morgan
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:183
  18. Vitamin D deficiency and the vitamin D pathway have previously been associated with type 1 diabetes (T1D). The majority of vitamin D is transported through the blood bound to the vitamin D binding protein (VDB...

    Authors: Eleanor M Cave, Sureka Bhola, Nigel J Crowther and Carolyn J Padoa
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:182
  19. Thyroid nodule is a common health problem in endocrinology. Thyroid fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) cytology performed by palpation guided FNAB (PGFNAB) and ultrasound-guided FNAB (USGFNAB) are the prefer...

    Authors: Tri Juli Edi Tarigan, Budiman Syaeful Anwar, Robert Sinto and Wismandari Wisnu
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:181
  20. Adolescents with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) are at increased risk of impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and type 2 diabetes mellitus. The aim of this study is to evaluate dysglycemia and biochemical differ...

    Authors: Jyotsna Gupta, Zoltan Antal, Elizabeth Mauer, Linda M. Gerber, Anjile An and Marisa Censani
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:180
  21. While contributions of dyslipidemia to autoimmune diseases have been described, its impact on thyroid autoimmunity (TA) is less clear. Programmed cell death 1(PD-1)/PD-ligand 1 (PD-L1) immune checkpoint is cru...

    Authors: Zhengzheng Liao, Ying Kong, Liang Zeng, Qing Wan, Jinfang Hu and Yaojun Cai
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:179
  22. Patient reported outcome measures (PROMs) are useful tools in paediatric endocrinology to gauge health status in children, especially since they are often unable to clearly communicate it themselves. We aimed ...

    Authors: Richard G. McGee, Edward Y. B. Zhang, Jennifer J. G. Tan, Aiden C. K. Cheung and Matthew P. Garvey
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:177
  23. Authors: Tonje Teigland, Jannicke Igland, Grethe S. Tell, Johannes Haltbakk, Marit Graue, Anne-Siri Fismen, Kåre I. Birkeland, Truls Østbye, Mark Peyrot and Marjolein M. Iversen
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:176

    The original article was published in BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:159

  24. The Latent Autoimmune Diabetes in Adults (LADA) is a slowly progressive Type 1 diabetes subgroup with onset during middle age. Studies report that about 10% of adults initially diagnosed with clinical Type 2 d...

    Authors: Anselmo M. Manisha, Aminiel R. Shangali, Sayoki G. Mfinanga and Erasto V. Mbugi
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:175
  25. Tumor-related osteomalacia (TIO) is a rare paraneoplastic syndrome characterized by severe hypophosphatemia and osteomalacia. The diagnosis of TIO can be very difficult because of its nonspecific nature of cli...

    Authors: Lan Jiang, Qing-Qing Tan, Chen-Lin Gao, Ling Xu, Jian-Hua Zhu, Pi-Jun Yan, Ying Miao, Qin Wan and Yong Xu
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:174
  26. The purpose of this study is to elucidate the correlation between thyroid hormone, glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), vitamin D and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) with Hashimoto’s thyroiditis (HT), and to seek ...

    Authors: Meng Han, Haoneng Wu, Weiming Yang and Juanjuan Chen
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:173
  27. To investigate the value of quantitative computed tomography (QCT) measurement of bone mineral density (BMD) in middle-aged and elderly men with abnormal blood glucose.

    Authors: Pei Zhang, Xiaofeng Huang, Yanping Gong, Yanhui Lu, Minyan Liu, Xiaoling Cheng, Nan Li and Chunlin Li
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:172
  28. Diabetic nephropathy occurs in about one-third of diabetic patients. This health problem is characterized by increased urinary albumin excretion, leading to decreased glomerular filtration rate and renal failu...

    Authors: Seyed Alireza Zomorodian, Maryam Shafiee, Zeinab Karimi, Fatemeh Masjedi and Amirhossein Roshanshad
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:171
  29. This study aimed to investigate the association between circulating levels of vitamin D binding protein (VDBP) and its genotypes and diabetic retinopathy risk.

    Authors: Zhila Maghbooli, Sepideh Ebrahimi Meimand, Ali-Asghar Malek Hosseini and Arash Shirvani
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:169
  30. Nondiabetic kidney disease (NDKD), which is prevalent among patients with diabetes mellitus (DM), is considerably different from diabetic kidney disease (DKD) in terms of the pathological features, treatment s...

    Authors: Yong-qin Zeng, Yu-xing Yang, Cheng-jing Guan, Zi-wei Guo, Bo Li, Hai-yan Yu, Rui-xue Chen, Ying-qian Tang and Rui Yan
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:168
  31. Polymorphisms of the fatty acid desaturase (FADS) gene cluster have been associated with obesity and its-related consequences. This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate whether the adherence to dietary non-...

    Authors: Mahdieh Khodarahmi, Parisa Javidzade, Mahdieh Abbasalizad Farhangi, Ahmad Hashemzehi and Houman Kahroba
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:167
  32. Differences in sexual development (DSD) are rare diseases, which affect the chromosomal, anatomical or gonadal sex differentiation. Although patient education is recommended as essential in a holistic care app...

    Authors: Sabine Wiegmann, Martina Ernst, Loretta Ihme, Katja Wechsung, Ute Kalender, Barbara Stöckigt, Annette Richter-Unruh, Sander Vögler, Olaf Hiort, Martina Jürgensen, Louise Marshall, Ingo Menrath, Julia Schneidewind, Isabel Wagner, Julia Rohayem, Klaus-Peter Liesenkötter…
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:166
  33. The present study investigated the prevalence of osteoporosis (OP) among patients with essential hypertension (EH) in the Changchun community and analysed the correlation between EH and OP.

    Authors: Hai-Long Wu, Jie Yang, Yu-Chi Wei, Jian-Yu Wang, Yu-Yan Jia, Luan Li, Lu Zhang, Yan Lu, Zong-Jian Luo and Xiang-Yang Leng
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:165
  34. Familial hypocalciuric hypercalcemia (FHH) is a rare autosomal dominant disease, which requires differential diagnosis from relatively common primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) in order to avoid unnecessary su...

    Authors: Akira Sumida, Katsumi Iizuka, Takehiro Kato, Yanyan Liu, Sodai Kubota, Saki Kubota-Okamoto, Teruaki Sakurai, Toshinori Imaizumi, Yoshihiro Takahashi, Masami Mizuno, Ken Takao, Takuo Hirota, Tetsuya Suwa, Yukio Horikawa, Mayumi Yamamoto, Yusuke Seino…
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:164
  35. High-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) may be directly involved in glucose metabolism by enhancing insulin sensitivity and insulin secretion. This current study aimed to explore the association between H...

    Authors: Changchun Cao, Haofei Hu, Xiaodan Zheng, Xiaohua Zhang, Yulong Wang and Yongcheng He
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:163
  36. Diabetes mellitus (DM) is rising at a rapid rate worldwide. As a chronic, incurable metabolic disease, diabetes affects a person’s life in all ways. Studies thus far have focused on the impact of diabetes on t...

    Authors: Mohammod Feroz Amin, Bishwajit Bhowmik, Rozana Rouf, Monami Islam Khan, Syeda Anika Tasnim, Faria Afsana, Rushda Sharmin, Kazi Nazmul Hossain, Md. Abdullah Saeed Khan, Samiha Mashiat Amin, Md Shek Sady Khan, Md Faruque Pathan and Mohammad Jahid Hasan
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:162
  37. Glycemic control is an important part of diabetes management. Strict glycemic control has been shown to reduce the long-term complications of diabetes. However, achieving good glycemic control is challenging f...

    Authors: Mulugeta Sitot Shibeshi, Alemneh Kabeta Daba, Kebede Mola Meiso and Birkneh Tilahun Tadesse
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:161
  38. Hyperinsulinemia and insulin resistance are known to be associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. A metabolically unhealthy phenotype is frequently used as a surrogate marker for insuli...

    Authors: Rachel Agius, Marie Claire Fava, Nikolai Paul Pace and Stephen Fava
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:160
  39. A substantial proportion of older people who receive home care services (HCS) has diabetes and requires diabetes specific monitoring, treatment and self-care assistance. However, the prevalence and incidence r...

    Authors: Tonje Teigland, Jannicke Igland, Grethe S. Tell, Johannes Haltbakk, Marit Graue, Anne-Siri Fismen, Kåre I. Birkeland, Truls Østbye, Mark Peyrot and Marjolein M. Iversen
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:159

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:176

  40. The study aims to address whether serum anti-müllerian hormone (AMH) levels fluctuate in the short term after medication application, including oral contraceptives (OCs), metformin (MET), Gonadotropin-releasin...

    Authors: Wei-Wei Yin, Chang-Chang Huang, Yi-Ru Chen, Dan-Qing Yu, Min Jin and Chun Feng
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:158
  41. To study the protein and mRNA expressions of regulator of G-protein signaling 5 (RGS5) in the pathogenesis of hyperparathyroidism.

    Authors: Xin Li, Yao Lu, Ling Zhang, Aiping Song, Honglei Zhang, Bo Pang, Jun Liu, Xiaoliang Sun, Haoyang Ji, Linping Huang and Meng Yang
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:156
  42. Primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) is a common cause of hypercalcemia and remains understudied within the Arabian population. The present study, the largest of its kind within the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC...

    Authors: Yousef Al-Saleh, Abdullah AlSohaim, Reem AlAmoudi, Ali AlQarni, Raed Alenezi, Layla Mahdi, Hend Alzanbaqi, Samah M. Nawar, Hibah AlHarbi, Abdulrhman ALMulla, Maryam Al Qahtani, Salih Bin Salih, Faisal Al Anazi, Najla Saleh, Seham Saleh, Ali AlAklabi…
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:155
  43. Cushing’s disease (CD) is among the most common etiologies of hypercortisolism. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is often utilized in the diagnosis of CD, however, up to 64% of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACT...

    Authors: Guive Sharifi, Amir Arsalan Amin, Mohammadmahdi Sabahi, Nikolas B. Echeverry, Nader Akbari Dilmaghani, Seyed Ali Mousavinejad, Majid Valizadeh, Zahra Davoudi, Badih Adada and Hamid Borghei-Razavi
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:154
  44. Cushing’s disease (CD) is rare in pediatric patients. It is characterized by elevated plasma adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) from pituitary adenomas, with damage to multiple systems and development. In rece...

    Authors: Xu-dong Bao, Lin Lu, Hui-juan Zhu, Yong Yao, Ming Feng, Ren-zhi Wang, Xiao Zhai, Yong Fu, Feng-ying Gong and Zhao-lin Lu
    Citation: BMC Endocrine Disorders 2022 22:152

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