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Table 3 The results of repeated measures ANOVA for each subscale of self-management subscales

From: Promoting self-management behaviors in adolescents with type 1 diabetes, using digital storytelling: a pilot randomized controlled trial

  Digital storytelling Control p-value
Before After Before After    
Mean ± SD Mean ± SD Mean ± SD Mean ± SD Time Group Time by group interaction
Collaboration With Parents 23.78±5.17 26.06±5.43 22.69±5.81 22.36±6.05 0.021 0.075 0.002
Diabetes Care Activities 17.15±6.75 16.78±4.42 17.78±5.67 18.00±4.98 0.910 0.439 0.668
Diabetes Problem-Solving 14.15±4.71 15.36±5.07 14.93±3.52 15.12±3.07 0.169 0.763 0.307
Diabetes Communication 24.57±9.22 26.69±9.06 23.93±6.61 24.54±7.59 0.022 0.473 0.196
Goals 13.21±3.37 15.21±3.07 14.78±3.06 15.33±2.21 <0.001 0.195 0.035
Total 92.87±21.28 100.12±18.2 94.15±18.02 95.36±17.05 0.010 0.064 0.688
HbA1c 8.76±2.14 8.75±1.97 9.97±2.03 9.20±2.31 0.283 0.030 0.289