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Table 1 Characteristics of Nutritional risk and Non-Nutritional risk MetS adults

From: Low calf circumference can predict nutritional risk and mortality in adults with metabolic syndrome aged over 80 years

  All included patients (n = 514) Nutritional risk (n = 224) Non-Nutritional risk (n = 290) P
Age (years) 86.5 ± 6.0 86.9 ± 5.3 86.2 ± 6.1 0.18
Male n (%) 368 (71.6) 160 (71.4) 208 (74.7) 0.37
Smoking status n (%) 92 (17.9) 42 (18.8) 50 (17.2) 0.80
Drinking status n (%) 11 (2.1) 5 (2.2) 6 (2.1) 0.10
SBP (mm Hg) 132.0 ± 18.9 131.5 ± 18.8 132.4 ± 19.0 0.60
DBP (mm Hg) 71.5 ± 11.3 71.1 ± 11.7 71.0 ± 11.0 0.34
HbA1c (%) 6.4 ± 1.1 6.2 ± 1.3 6.5 ± 1.0 0.16
FPG (mmol/l)# 6.2 ± 2.0 6.6 ± 2.3 6.1 ± 1.8 0.02
TC (mmol/L) 4.1 ± 1.1 4.0 ± 1.1 4.1 ± 1.1 0.40
TG (mmol/L) 1.5 ± 0.9 1.5 ± 0.8 1.4 ± 0.9 0.69
LDL-c (mmol/L) 2.3 ± 0.8 2.3 ± 0.8 2.3 ± 0.8 0.98
HDL-c (mmol/L) 1.0 ± 0.3 1.0 ± 0.3 1.0 ± 0.3 0.07
Albumin (g/dL)# 37.5 ± 52 35.2 ± 4.7 39.4 ± 5.3 <  0.01
Haemoglobin (g/dL)# 114.1 ± 21.4 105.3 ± 21.8 121.5 ± 17.9 <  0.01
BMI (kg/m2)# 23.5 ± 3.7 22.1 ± 3.7 24.7 ± 3.2 <  0.01
WC (cm)# 90.7 ± 11.0 87.0 ± 12.0 93.7 ± 9.2 <  0.01
Mortality n (%)# 105 (20.4) 79 (35.3) 26 (8.4) <  0.01
Cerebral infarction n (%) 269 (52.3) 129 (57.6) 140 (48.3) 0.10
Coronary heart disease n (%) 347 (67.5) 160 (71.4) 187 (64.5) 0.24
MetS components ___ ___ ___ ___
Abdominal obesity n (%)# 296 (57.6) 105 (46.9) 191 (65.9) <  0.01
Diabetes n (%) 274 (53.3) 117 (52.2) 157 (54.1) 0.67
Hypertension n (%) 471 (91.6) 206 (92.0) 265 (91.4) 0.81
High triglycerides n (%) 93 (18.1) 33 (14.7) 60 (20.7) 0.08
Decreased HDL-c n (%) 246 (47.9) 88 (39.3) 158 (54.5) 0.12
  1. BMI, body mass index; DBP, diastolic blood pressure; FPG, fasting plasma glucose; HbA1c,Haemoglobin A1c; HDL-c, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; LDL-c, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol; MetS, metabolic syndrome; SBP, systolic blood pressure; TC, total cholesterol; TG, triglyceride; WC, waist circumference
  2. #P <  0.05 versus nutritional risk and non-nutritional risk group