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Table3 Associations between UCR levels and risk for CAD in patients living with T2DM

From: Elevated blood urea nitrogen-to-creatinine ratio increased the risk of Coronary Artery Disease in patients living with type 2 diabetes mellitus

Variables HR(95%CI) by UCR level
model1 model2 model3
UCR per 1 increment(n = 12,299) 1.257(1.044,1.513) * 1.296(1.077,1.561) ** 1.370(1.136,1.651) **
Low_level (n = 614) 1(reference) 1(reference) 1(reference)
Medium_level (n = 11,067) 1.070(0.801,1.431) 1.110(0.830,1.484) 1.190(0.889,1.592)
High_level (n = 618) 1.487(1.037,2.133) * 1.587(1.105,2.278) * 1.782(1.237,2.567) *
age 1.034(1.029,1.039) *** 1.038(1.033,1.044) *** 1.040(1.035,1.046) ***
Body Mass Index (BMI) - 1.035(1.017,1.053) *** 1.021(1.003,1.040) *
Diastolic Blood Pressure
(DBP)
- 1.012(1.006,1.018) *** 1.011(1.005,1.016) ***
High-Density Lipoprotein
Cholesterol (HDL-C)
- - 0.705(0.553,0.900) **
Estimated Glomerular
Filtration Rate (eGFR)
- - 1.003(1.001,1.005) **
Triglyceride glucose (TyG) - - 1.130(1.038,1.231) **
C-statistics (95% CI) 0.630(0.621,0.638) 0.635(0.627,0.644) 0.644(0.636,0.652)
  1. *P < 0.05; **P < 0.01, ***P < 0.001
  2. HR hazard ratio, CI confidence interval for hazard ratio of UCR
  3. Cut-off values of UCR: Low_level, ≤ 4.36; Medium_level, (4.36,10.45]; High_level,  > 10.45