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Table 2 Baseline characteristics of participants in each group divided by outcome

From: Elevated blood urea nitrogen-to-creatinine ratio increased the risk of Coronary Artery Disease in patients living with type 2 diabetes mellitus

Variables Total
(n = 12,299)
without incident
CAD (n = 11,126)
with incident
CAD (n = 1173)
P-value
UCR_GROUP 2 ± 0.32 2 ± 0.32 2.03 ± 0.33 0.004
sex(men) 8,439 (68.62) 7624 (68.52) 815 (69.48) 0.524
age 52.57 ± 12.16 52.07 ± 12.21 57.37 ± 10.59  < 0.001
Body Mass Index (BMI) 26.32 ± 3.7 26.3 ± 3.72 26.53 ± 3.48 0.048
Waist 88.93 ± 10.43 88.84 ± 10.49 89.86 ± 9.78 0.001
Waist-To-Hip Ratio (WHR) 0.88 ± 0.06 0.88 ± 0.06 0.89 ± 0.06  < 0.001
Systolic Blood Pressure (SBP) 129.84 ± 6.87 129.55 ± 16.86 132.63 ± 16.68  < 0.001
Diastolic Blood Pressure
(DBP)
83.42 ± 11.37 83.3 ± 11.43 84.58 ± 10.69  < 0.001
White Blood Cell Count
(WBC)
6.79 ± 1.73 6.79 ± 1.74 6.75 ± 1.57 0.382
Neutrophil Count (NEUT) 3.98 ± 1.3 3.98 ± 1.31 3.95 ± 1.2 0.468
Lymphocyte Count (LYM) 2.25 ± 0.73 2.25 ± 0.74 2.21 ± 0.64 0.047
Fasting Plasma Glucose
(FPG)
7.15 ± 2.32 7.16 ± 2.33 7.02 ± 2.23 0.04
Fasting Plasma Glucose Follow
(FPG_F)
7.05 ± 2.4 7.05 ± 2.4 7.02 ± 2.34 0.712
Total Cholesterol (TC) 5.11 ± 1.01 5.11 ± 1.01 5.16 ± 1.01 0.098
Low-Density Lipoprotein
Cholesterol (LDL-C)
2.98 ± 0.86 2.98 ± 0.85 3.03 ± 0.88 0.042
High-Density Lipoprotein
Cholesterol (HDL-C)
1.19 ± 0.29 1.2 ± 0.29 1.16 ± 0.28  < 0.001
Triglyceride (TG) 2.21 ± 2.39 2.21 ± 2.41 2.26 ± 2.17 0.444
Estimated Glomerular
Filtration Rate (eGFR)
105.05 ± 23.72 104.87 ± 23.37 106.67 ± 26.81 0.013
Triglyceride glucose (TyG) 2.51 ± 0.8 2.44 ± 0.81 2.58 ± 0.77 0.015
  1. Values were expressed as mean ± standard deviation or n (%)
  2. Abbreviations: UCR urea nitrogen to creatinine ratio