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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of participants in each group divided by UCR levels

From: Elevated blood urea nitrogen-to-creatinine ratio increased the risk of Coronary Artery Disease in patients living with type 2 diabetes mellitus

Variables All participants (n = 12,299) Categories of blood Urea Nitrogen to Creatinine Ratio (UCR) level  
Low level
 ≤ 4.36
(n = 614)
medium level 4.36–10.45 (n = 11,067) High level > 10.45 (n = 618) P-value
sex(men) 8,439 (68.62) 554 (90.23) 7663 (69.24) 222 (35.92)  < 0.001
age 52.57 ± 12.16 48.91 ± 11.19 52.65 ± 12.16 54.81 ± 12.31  < 0.001
Body Mass Index (BMI) 26.32 ± 3.7 27.02 ± 3.64 26.31 ± 3.69 25.94 ± 3.78  < 0.001
WAIST 88.93 ± 10.43 92.19 ± 10.48 88.92 ± 10.4 86 ± 10.07  < 0.001
Waist-To-Hip Ratio (WHR) 0.88 ± 0.06 0.9 ± 0.06 0.88 ± 0.06 0.86 ± 0.06  < 0.001
Systolic Blood Pressure (SBP) 129.84 ± 16.87 131.87 ± 16.54 129.86 ± 16.86 127.49 ± 17.07  < 0.001
Diastolic Blood Pressure (DBP) 83.42 ± 11.37 85.9 ± 11.83 83.46 ± 11.34 80.29 ± 10.8  < 0.001
White Blood Cell Count
(WBC)
6.79 ± 1.73 7.03 ± 1.8 6.78 ± 1.72 6.7 ± 1.72 0.001
Neutrophil Count(NEUT) 3.98 ± 1.3 4.13 ± 1.42 3.97 ± 1.29 3.95 ± 1.3 0.016
Lymphocyte Count(LYM) 2.25 ± 0.73 2.29 ± 0.67 2.24 ± 0.73 2.23 ± 0.66 0.188
Fasting Plasma Glucose
(FPG)
7.15 ± 2.32 6.98 ± 2.19 7.11 ± 2.26 7.93 ± 3.16  < 0.001
Fasting Plasma Glucose Followed (FPG_F) 7.05 ± 2.4 6.9 ± 2.27 7.01 ± 2.36 7.75 ± 3.05  < 0.001
Total Cholesterol (TC) 5.11 ± 1.01 5.11 ± 1.02 5.11 ± 1 5.2 ± 1.07 0.095
Low-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol (LDL-C) 2.98 ± 0.86 2.84 ± 0.85 2.99 ± 0.85 2.97 ± 0.89 0.012
High-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol (HDL-C) 1.19 ± 0.29 1.08 ± 0.26 1.2 ± 0.29 1.29 ± 0.31  < 0.001
Triglyceride (TG) 2.21 ± 2.39 3.34 ± 4.11 2.16 ± 2.21 2.08 ± 2.79  < 0.001
Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate (eGFR) 105.05 ± 23.72 111.32 ± 29.66 105.13 ± 23.68 97.35 ± 13.64  < 0.001
Triglyceride glucose (TyG) 2.45 ± 0.8 2.71 ± 0.95 2.43 ± 0.79 2.41 ± 0.86  < 0.001
  1. Values were expressed as mean ± standard deviation or n (%)