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Table 3 Clinical Picture at Diagnosis (n = 241)

From: Glycemic control of adult patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus in Arabian Gulf Countries; PREDICT

Factors Pertaining to Clinical Picture at Diagnosis
Family history of diabetes – no. (%)
 Yes 121 (50.2)
 No 103 (42.7)
 Unknown 17 (7.1)
Mean age at onset (SD)– yr 17.6 (9.0)
Methods of confirmed diagnosis* – no. (%)
 HbA1ca test 74 (34.7)
 Random blood sugar test 175 (72.6)
 Fasting blood sugar test 54 (22.4)
 Autoantibodies in blood 31 (12.9)
 Ketonuria 94 (39)
 Diabetic Ketoacidosis 21 (8.7)
 C-peptide 3 (1.2)
 Glucose urine test 1 (0.4)
 Missing 1 (0.4)
Mean HbA1c at diagnosis (SD)– % 10.7 (2.17)
Lipid profile at diagnosis
 Mean total cholesterol (SD)– mmol/L 3.28 (0.9)
 Mean HDLb (SD)– mmol/L 5.1 (1.0)
 Mean LDLc (SD)– mmol/L 1.6 (0.9)
 Mean Triglycerides (SD)– mmol/L 1.1 (0.4)
Blood pressure status at diagnosis
 Normotensive 215 (97.7)
 Hypertensive 1 (0.5)
 Hypotensive 4 (1.8)
 Missing 21 (8.7)
Concomitant medications at diagnosis
 Yes 6 (2.5)
 No 234 (97.5)
 Missing 1 (0.4)
Clinical symptoms at diagnosis
 Yes 208 (88.5)
 No 27 (11.5)
 Missing 6 (2.5)
  1. Note: Patients could have been diagnosed by more than one method
  2. a HbA1c Glycated Hemoglobin, b HDL High Density Lipoprotein, c LDL Low Density lipoprotein