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Table 5 Self-rated health, body pains and sun exposure of subjects according to serum 25(OH)D concentrations [n(%)]

From: Vitamin D deficiency associations with metabolic, bone turnover and adverse general health markers in community free living adults

Characteristic Deficiency
25(OH)D (< 20 ng/ml)
Insufficiency
25(OH)D (20-32 ng/ml)
Optimal
25(OH)D (> 32 ng/ml)
P value
Body pain n (%)
 No 182 (64.3) 138 (59.7) 80 (63)  
 Yes 101 (35.7) 93 (40.3) 47 (37) 0,562
General health n (%)
 Excellent 42 (14.9) 32 (13.9) 16 (12.6)  
 Good 178 (63.3) 140 (60.6) 76 (59.8)  
 Fair 33 (11.7) 26 (11.3) 13 (10.2)  
 Poor 16 (5.7) 23 (10.0) 15 (11.8)  
 Do not know 12 (4.3) 10 (4.3) 7 (5.5) 0.231
Sun exposure: usual clothing when outdoors in the sun between 10:00 AM and 2:00 PM during each season during the past 12 months, n(%)
 Shorts & brief top with shoulders exposed 1 (0.4) 1 (0) 1 (1.0)  
 Short and T-shirt or similar top 1 (0.4) 1 (0) 1 (1.0)  
 Shorts and long sleeve 3 (1.2) 2 (0) 0 (0)  
 Long pant and T-shirt or similar top 176 (69.8) 117 (0) 51 (53.1)  
 Long pants and long sleeves 4 (1.6) 1 (0) 2 (2.1) 0.319
Sunscreen: describe your usual use of sunscreen when outdoors
 I almost never used sunscreen 5 (2.0) 4 (0) 5 (5.2)  
 I used it occasionally 1 (0.4) 0 (0) 1 (1.0)  
 I used it somewhat regularly 7 (2.8) 20 (0) 13 (13.5)  
 I used it most of the time 0 (0) 1 (0) 0 (0)  
 I used it all the time 1 (0.4) 1 (0) 0 (0) 0.856
  1. *P value < 0.05