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Table 2 Changes in weight, lipid profile and Epworth Sleepiness Scale score between baseline and 12 months across the three groups of participants: OSA with CPAP, OSA without CPAP, and non-OSA

From: Obstructive sleep apnoea and 12-month weight loss in adults with class 3 obesity attending a multidisciplinary weight management program

Variable
Mean±SD or n(%)
OSA (n=71) Non-OSA (n=41) Unadjusted p value** P-value adjusted for age and baseline weight
With CPAP (n=38) Without CPAP (n=32)
Weight Change at 12 months
Weight loss (in kg) 9.1 ± 7.9 9.2 ± 9.9 9.9 ± 9.6 0.903 0.172
Percentage of body weight loss 6.3 ± 5.6 6.8 ± 6.9 7.2 ± 6.5 0.844 0.149
More than 5 % body weight loss 22 (57.9 %) 19 (59.4 %) 27(65.9 %) 0.743 0.361
Change in Lipid profile
Cholesterol (mmol/L) 0.8 ± 1.1 0.1 ± 1.3 -0.3 ± 1.6 0.010 0.011
Triglyceride (mmol/L) 0.3 ± 1.8 -0.2 ± 1.4 -0.5 ± 2.6 0.318 0.596
HDL (mmol/L) 0.1 ± 0.4 0.1 ± 0.5 0.0 ± 0.4 0.912 0.877
LDL (mmol/L) 0.8 ± 1.1 0.4 ± 1.4 0.0 ± 1.0 0.140 0.280
Change in Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) score at 12 months
ESS Score 3.5 ± 5.9 2.5 ± 6.3 3.1 ± 5.1 0.753 0.399