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Table 3 Multivariate adjusted odds ratios and 95 % confidence intervals for lipid profile based on tertiles of DASH and MED dietary patterns1

From: The Mediterranean diet and dietary approach to stop hypertension (DASH)-style diet are differently associated with lipid profile in a large sample of Iranian adults: a cross-sectional study of Shahedieh cohort

  MED DASH
T1 T2 T3 P-trend T1 T2 T3 P-trend
High TC 2
 Crude 1 0.90 (0.77 – 1.05) 1.06 (0.92 – 1.21) 0.38 1 0.91 (0.79 – 1.05) 0.95 (0.81 – 1.05) 0.51
 Model 1 1 1.06 (0.77 – 1.05) 1.03 (0.90 – 1.19) 0.60 1 0.86 (0.75 – 1.00) 0.83 (0.71 – 0.97)* 0.02*
 Model 2 1 0.88 (0.75 – 1.03) 1.01 (0.87 – 1.16) 0.89 1 0.86 (0.84 – 0.99)* 0.81 (0.69 – 0.95)* 0.01*
High TG 2
 Crude 1 1.07 (0.92 – 1.24) 0.96 (0.84 – 1.10) 0.65 1 0.88 (0.77 – 1.02) 0.92 (0.79 – 1.06) 0.27
 Model 1 1 1.09 (0.94 – 1.26) 0.99 (0.87 – 1.14) 0.97 1 0.92 (0.80 – 1.06) 0.90 (0.77 – 1.05) 0.19
 Model 2 1 1.09 (0.93 – 1.27) 1.01 (0.88 – 1.16) 0.86 1 0.92 (0.80 – 1.06) 0.99 (0.77 – 1.05) 0.19
Low HDL 2
 Crude 1 0.96 (0.82 – 1.14) 1.05 (0.90 – 1.23) 0.48 1 1.08 (0.92 – 1.26) 1.08 (0.91 – 1.27) 0.36
 Model 1 1 0.96 (0.81 – 1.14) 1.06 (0.91 – 1.24) 0.41 1 1.07 (0.91 – 1.26) 1.03 (0.87 – 1.23) 0.64
 Model 2 1 0.97 (0.81 – 1.15) 1.03 (0.88 – 1.21) 0.65 1 1.07 (0.91 – 1.26) 1.01 (0.85 – 1.20) 0.84
High LDL 2
 Crude 1 0.84 (0.70 – 1.01) 0.97 (0.81 – 1.13) 0.72 1 0.85 (0.71 – 1.00) 0.94 (0.79 – 1.12) 0.52
 Model 1 1 0.84 (0.69 – 1.01) 0.95 (0.81 – 1.11) 0.55 1 0.80 (0.68 – 0.95)* 0.84 (0.70 – 1.01) 0.07
 Model 2 1 0.84 (0.70 – 1.02) 0.93 (0.79 – 1.10) 0.46 1 0.80 (0.67 – 1.96) 0.83 (0.69 – 1.00) 0.05
LDL/HDL 2
 Crude 1 0.92 (0.78 – 1.08) 0.85 (0.73 – 0.99) 0.04* 1 0.82 (0.66 – 0.91)* 0.82 (0.70 – 0.95)* 0.01
 Model 1 1 0.92 (0.78 – 1.09) 0.87 (0.74 – 1.01) 0.07 1 0.72 (0.61 – 0.86)* 0.82 (0.70 – 0.97)* 0.01
 Model 2 1 0.91 (0.77 – 1.08) 0.85 (0.72 – 0.99)* 0.04* 1 0.72 (0.60 – 0.85)* 0.82 (0.70 – 0.96)* 0.01
  1. 1Values are reported as odds ratio and 95 % confidence interval. T1: first tertile; T2: second tertile; T3: third tertile
  2. 2TC total cholesterol, TG triglyceride, HDL high-density lipoprotein, LDL low-density lipoprotein
  3. Adjusted for age, sex, and energy intake (Kcal/day)
  4. Adjusted for marital status (married/single/divorce or widowed), BMI, physical activity (sedentary/moderate/active), education level (illiterate/ primary school/ high school diploma/college and university), smoking (no/ yes), economic status (poor/ moderate/ good) plus variables in model 1
  5. *Values with distinct superscripts are significantly different at P < 0.05