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Table 1 Anthropometric and socio-demographic profile of adolescents aged 10–19 years in India, 2016–18

From: Prevalence of pre-diabetes/type 2 diabetes among adolescents (10–19 years) and its association with different measures of overweight/obesity in India: a gendered perspective

Variables Adolescent boys Adolescent girls
Sample Percent Sample Percent
Body mass Index (BMI)
 Not overweight/obese 15,697 95.0 14,841 95.1
 Overweight/obese 821 5.0 761 4.9
Abdominal obesity
 No 17,116 97.8 16,271 98.8
 Yes 381 2.2 202 1.2
Triceps skinfold thickness (TSFT)
 Not overweight 16,675 94.7 16,276 98.3
 Overweight 937 5.3 276 1.7
Subscapular skinfold thickness (SSFT)
 Not overweight 16,356 92.9 15,826 95.7
 Overweight 1249 7.1 704 4.3
Physical activity
 Low 6963 37.8 12,178 70.0
 Medium 4975 27.0 2544 14.6
 High 6486 35.2 2683 15.4
Serum triglycerides
 Low 5856 85.9 5241 81.7
 High 963 14.1 1172 18.3
Cholesterol
 Low 6582 96.6 6112 95.4
 High 234 3.4 293 4.6
Low-density lipoprotein
 Low 6591 96.8 6121 95.5
 High 220 3.2 289 4.5
High-density lipoprotein
 Low 2008 29.6 1533 24.0
 High 4780 70.4 4854 76.0
Age (years)
 Early adolescence (10–14) 9757 53.0 8832 50.7
 Late adolescence (15–19) 8668 47.0 8573 49.3
Education
 No schooling 885 4.8 1182 6.8
 Dropout 3194 17.3 3721 21.4
 Currently studying 14,346 77.9 12,502 71.8
Media exposure
 No 2955 16.0 4080 23.4
 Yes 15,470 84.0 13,325 76.6
Parent education
 Both uneducated 4487 24.4 4529 26.0
 Anyone educated 5908 32.1 5782 33.2
 Both educated 8030 43.6 7094 40.8
Parents diabetes status
 No one 17,675 95.9 16,769 96.4
 Anyone had 750 4.1 636 3.7
Diet
 Vegetarian 3519 19.1 4770 27.4
 Non-vegetarian 14,902 80.9 12,634 72.6
Junk food consumption
 No 4876 26.5 4638 26.7
 1–2 days 12,771 69.3 12,216 70.2
 3–7 days 774 4.2 549 3.2
Substance use
 No 16,876 91.6 17,194 98.8
 Yes 1549 8.4 211 1.2
Caste
 SC/ST 5769 33.2 5769 33.2
 Non-SC/ST 11,636 66.9 11,636 66.9
Religion
 Hindu 14,878 80.8 13,797 79.3
 Muslim 2643 14.3 2819 16.2
 Christian 458 2.5 381 2.2
 Others 446 2.4 408 2.3
Wealth quintile
 Poor 7292 39.6 7036 40.4
 Middle 3696 20.1 3473 20.0
 Rich 7437 40.4 6896 39.6
Place of residence
 Rural 13,788 74.8 13,174 75.7
 Urban 4637 25.2 4231 24.3
Regions
 North 2597 14.1 2306 13.3
 Central 5750 31.2 5936 34.1
 East 4248 23.1 4148 23.8
 Northeast 582 3.2 507 2.9
 West 2327 12.6 1864 10.7
 South 2921 15.9 2644 15.2
Total 17,865 100.0 17,965 100.0
  1. SC/ST Scheduled caste/ Scheduled tribe