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Table 1 Population characteristics

From: Correlation between PCT, 25(OH)D, PTX-3, AMS levels and the severity of diabetic ketoacidosis complicated by pancreatitis

Characteristics DKA-AP
(n = 37)
DKA
(n = 161)
Control
(n = 72)
χ2/Z P
Sex, n (%)
 Female 21 (56.76) 91 (56.52) 38 (52.78) 0.307 0.856
 Male 16 (43.24) 70 (43.48) 34 (47.22)
Age, year 63.29 ± 6.72 62.98 ± 7.01 64.01 ± 6.92 0.346 0.708
BMI, kg/m2 24.38 ± 3.01 24.19 ± 2.78 24.09 ± 2.68 0.267 0.766
Biochemical parameters
 Creatine, μmol/L 118.76 ± 18.73 117.98 ± 13.29 56.98 ± 6.93 391.612 < 0.001
 HbAlc, % 9.01 ± 2.02 8.91 ± 1.97 5.37 ± 0.76 110.988 < 0.001
 BUN, mmol/L 5.74 ± 0.34 5.43 ± 0.31 5.01 ± 0.28 130.692 < 0.001
 LDL, mmol/L 3.02 ± 0.76 2.99 ± 0.26 2.87 ± 0.27 1.431 0.241
 HDL, mmol/L 1.05 ± 0.21 0.92 ± 0.18 0.68 ± 0.23 76.904 < 0.001
 AST, U/L 56.83 ± 8.92 29.98 ± 2.19 28.08 ± 2.01 458.502 < 0.001
 ALT, U/L 63.19 ± 7.62 27.99 ± 2.23 27.23 ± 1.87 996.273 < 0.001
 CO2CP, mmol/L 30.08 ± 2.72 29.76 ± 1.08 28.08 ± 1.03 9.296 < 0.001
 Blood glucose, mol/L 13.02 ± 2.18 10.76 ± 1.92 5.36 ± 1.29 390.662 < 0.001
 Blood potassium, mmol/L 4.38 ± 0.28 4.26 ± 0.23 4.01 ± 0.19 53.713 < 0.001
 Blood sodium, mmol/L 147.93 ± 32.09 144.99 ± 31.29 142.97 ± 29.84 0.659 0.518
 Bloog ketone, M (P25, P75), mmol/L 4.83 (3.47, 6.03) 0.06 (0, 0.20) 0.03 (0, 0.18) 69.876 < 0.001
 hs-TnT, M (P25, P75), μg/L 0.08 (0.03, 0.019) 0.02 (0.02, 0.03) 0.01 (0, 0.14) 31.876 < 0.001
 BNP, ng/L 85.43 ± 6.38 67.98 ± 8.27 54.39 ± 5.83 616.474 < 0.001
 TG, mmol/L 2.73 ± 0.63 2.69 ± 0.59 2.51 ± 0.48 3.562 0.03
 TC, mmol/L 5.17 ± 0.47 4.82 ± 0.39 4.51 ± 0.23 66.639 < 0.001
 Lactate, M (P25, P75), mmol/L 2.71 (1.06, 4.73) 0.91 (0.51, 1.69) 0.89 (0.50, 1.61) 56.543 < 0.001
 pH 7.4 ± 0.26 7.1 ± 0.23 7.0 ± 0.09 84.499 < 0.001
 Frequency of diabetic ketoacidosis, M (P25, P75) 2 (1, 3) 0 (0, 1) 0 10.987 < 0.001
 Onset age of diabetes, M (P25, P75), year 35 (26, 58) 36 (28, 59) 0 −0.519 0.606
Type of diabetes, n (%)
 Type I 17 85 0 12.923 < 0.001
 Type II 19 41 0
 Unkown 1 35 0
Duration of diabetes, M (P25, P75), year 9 (0.6, 19) 0 (0, 1) 0 8.876 < 0.001
Complications, n (%)
 Vascular complications 17 (45.95) 31 (19.25) 0 11.671 0.001
 Abdominal pain 33 (81.08) 22 (13.66) 0 85.542 < 0.001
 Delirium 2 (5.41) 14 (8.70) 0 0.438 0.508
  1. ALT Alanine aminotransferase, AST Aspartate aminotransferase, BMI Body mass index, BNP Brain natriuretic peptide, BUN Blood urea nitrogen, CO2CP Carbondioxide combining power, HbAlc Hemoglobin A1C, HDL High density lipoprotein, hs-cTnT High sensitivity cardiac troponin testing, LDL Low density lipoprotein, TC Total cholesterol, TG Triacylglyceride