Skip to main content

Table 4 Univariate and multivariate analysis of risk factors associated with diabetes and prediabetes among men in the Khuzestan study

From: Prevalence and determinants of diabetes and prediabetes in southwestern Iran: the Khuzestan comprehensive health study (KCHS)

Variables Prediabetes Diabetes
Unadjusted. RR
(95% CI)
Adjusted. RR*
(95% CI)
Unadjusted. RR
(95% CI)
Adjusted. RR*
(95% CI)
Age (years) 20–34.9     
35–49.9 1.44 (1.30, 1.59) 1.38 (1.23, 1.55) 4.13 (3.38, 5.03) 3.56 (2.85, 4.46)
50–65 1.92 (1.72, 2.14) 1.82 (1.61, 2.07) 13.42 (11.08, 16.27) 11.56 (9.24, 14.47)
BMI (Kg/m2) < 25     
25–29.9 1.57 (1.42, 1.72) 1.46 (1.32, 1.61) 1.94 (1.71, 2.22) 1.66 (1.45, 1.90)
≥30 1.88 (1.68, 2.12) 1.72 (1.52, 1.94) 3.02 (2.60, 3.50) 2.47 (2.11, 2.88)
Waist circumference
(cm)
< 90     
≥90 1.83 (1.68, 2.00) 1.66 (1.51, 1.82) 3.61 (3.16, 4.12) 2.85 (2.48, 3.27)
Hypertension No     
Yes 1.47 (1.32, 1.64) 1.37 (1.22, 1.53) 3.48 (3.08, 3.93) 3.00 (2.65, 3.41)
Diabetes
family history
No     
Yes 1.28 (1.16, 1.40) 1.23 (1.12, 1.36) 2.65 (2.37, 2.97) 2.49 (2.21, 2.80)
Education Illiterate     
Elementary 1.05 (0.92, 1.21) 0.97 (0.84, 1.12) 0.69 (0.59, 0.81) 0.55 (0.47, 0.65)
Secondary 0.94 (0.82, 1.08) 0.85 (0.73, 1.00) 0.50 (0.42, 0.59) 0.37 (0.31, 0.45)
Higher education 0.97 (0.81, 1.15) 0.84 (0.69, 1.02) 0.40 (0.32, 0.51) 0.27 (0.21, 0.36)
  1. *Data are adjusted for cigarette smoking (never vs. ever), hookah smoking (never vs. ever), opium use (never vs. ever), alcohol use (never vs. ever), marital status (single vs. married), residence (urban vs. rural), ethnicity (Arab vs. Bakhtiari vs. Fars vs. Turk/Kurd/Lur), and wealth index (four quartiles)
  2. *RR Relative risk