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Table 5 Classification of the different first symptoms

From: X-linked congenital adrenal hypoplasia: a case presentation

Author, year first symptom and time Initial diagnosis treatment
Huizhen W,2018 [15] 8 months; Hyperpigmentation, Ion disorder CAH Hydrocortisone, Fludrocortisone
Haiyan W,2019 [16] 23 days; Hyperpigmentation, Ion disorder AHC Hydrocortisone
Yongpan O,2018 [17] After birth; Hyperpigmentation No mention (family history) Hydrocortisone, Fludrocortisone
Xiaojing L,2016 [18] 1 months; Hyperpigmentation CAH Hydrocortisone, Fludrocortisone
Huabing Z,2011 [19] 9 years; Hyperpigmentation, Ion disorder PAI Hydrocortisone
Chaohui H,2009 [20] 9 years; Hyperpigmentation, Ion disorder Addison Prednisone
Yun L,2011 [21] 13 years; Gonadal dysgenesis Addison Prednisone
Lihua Z,2012 [22] 2 years; Hyperpigmentation Addison Hydrocortisone
Danping W,2011 [23] 13 years; Gonadal dysgenesis Addison Hydrocortisone
Sourabh Verma,2019 [24] After birth; Secondary epilepsy, Ion disorder ACH Hydrocortisone
Bernardo Dias Pereira
2015 [25]
18 days; Hyperpigmentation, Ion disorder CAH Glucocorticoid
14 days,Ion disorder CAH Hydrocortisone
C. Frapsauce,2011 [26] 3 weeks;Ion disorder PAI Hydrocortisone, Fludrocortisone
Karine Gerster,2017 [27] 2 years and 5 months; Hyperpigmentation, Ion disorder PAI Hydrocortisone, Fludrocortisone
Anastasios Serbis,2018 [28] 8 months;Ion disorder ACH(family history) Hydrocortisone, Fludrocortisone
Nikolaos Kyriakakis,2017 [29] 19 years; Ion disorder AI Hydrocortisone, Fludrocortisone
30 years; Hyperpigmentation, Ion disorder AI Hydrocortisone, Fludrocortisone
Johari Mohd Ali,2014 [30] 11 years and 4 months;Convulsions, High fever, No mention Hydrocortisone, Fludrocortisone
Erdem Durmaz,2013 [31] 4 years; Hyperpigmentation, Ion disorder PAI Hydrocortisone, Fludrocortisone
6 years; Ion disorder ACH (family history) Hydrocortisone, Fludrocortisone
9 days; Ion disorder ACH (family history) Hydrocortisone, Fludrocortisone
Siyue Liu,2019 [32] 9 years; Hyperpigmentation PAI Hydrocortisone
Rita Bertalan,2019 [33] 4 years; Ion disorder PAI Glucocorticoid, Testosterone
Tijen Karsli,2016 [34] 6 days; Ion disorder ACH Glucocorticoid
Minlian D,2015 [35] after birth; Ion disorder ACH Glucocorticoid
4 months; Precocious puberty Adrenal dysplasia, CPP Hydrocortisone, Fludrocortisone
  1. 1.AHC congenital adrenal hypoplasia 2.PAI primary adrenal insufficiency 3.AI adrenal insufficiency 4. Addison primary chronic adrenocortical hypofunction 5. CAH congenital adrenal hyperplasia 6.CPP central precocious puberty