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Table 1 Patient clinical manifestation stratified according to lactate level

From: Hyperlactatemia associated with diabetic ketoacidosis in pediatric intensive care unit

Variables Lactate > 2mmol/L
(n = 61)
Lactate ≤ 2mmol/L
(n = 46)
p z/t/χ 2
Age (years) 11(8.500, 14) 8(4, 11) < 0.001 -3.625
Female (%) 38(62.295 %) 27(58.696 %) 0.706 0.142
infection 28(45.902 %) 23(50 %) 0.674 0.177
new onset diabetes mellitus (%) 39(63.934 %) 39(84.783 %) 0.016 5.769
Family history of diabetes mellitus (%) 6(9.836 %) 9(19.565 %) 0.151 2.059
Heart rate (beats/minute) 133.508(5.375) 120.543(19.873) < 0.001 3.806
Systolic blood pressure(mmHg) 114.183(20.340) 110.565(17.735) 0.340 0.959
Diastolic blood pressure(mmHg) 73(56.500, 81) 66(57.75, 74) 0.028 -2.191
PH 7.025(0.148) 7.098(0.167) 0.020 2.368
Leukocyte count(109/L) 18.41(12.990, 32.285) 13.295(7.978, 23.463) 0.004 -2.898
C reactive protein(mg/L) 8.13(4.435, 26.570) 4.765(1.775, 11.955) 0.167 -1.381
Procalcitonin (ng/mL) 1.11(0.235, 8.058) 0.13(0.085, 1.455) < 0.001 -3.744
Creatinine (umol/L) 44(34.625, 64.300) 30.1(23.875, 38.625) < 0.001 -4.153
Blood urea nitrogen (mmol/L) 5.905(3.473, 10.388) 4.005(2.370, 5.653) 0.002 -3.037
Alanine transaminase (U/L) 13.3(9.650, 19.75) 11.1(8.425, 15.65) 0.107 -1.611
Triglycerides (mmol/L) 1.82(1.185, 2.968) 1.69(1.045, 3.32) 0.336 -0.962
Ferritin (ug/L) 180.8(120.950, 322.725) 153(83.825, 222.975) 0.105 -1.622
Blood glucose (mmol/L) 27.8(19.050, 29) 20.85(16.35, 27.35) 0.002 -3.05
C peptide (nmol/L) 0.060(0.010, 0.155) 0.135(0.09, 0.23) 0.003 -2.99
Glycosylated hemoglobin (%) 12.485(2.591) 12.917(2.347) 0.377 -0.887
Lactic dehydrogenase (U/L) 289.5(217.75, 392.75) 258(209, 336) 0.144 -1.46
Stage of severity    0.044 6.246
 Mild stage 2 8   
 Moderate stage 14 10   
 Severe stage 45 28