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Table 1 Baseline participants’ characteristics in case and control group

From: Calcium to magnesium intake ratio and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease development: a case-control study

Characteristics Case
(n = 196)
Control
(n = 803)
P value *
Age (years) 42.3 ± 11.9 43.5 ± 14.5 0.214
Male (%) 51.5 41.0 0.007
Body mass index (kg/m2) 35.7 ± 10.6 27.7 ± 4.5 < 0.001
Fasting blood glucose (mg/dl) 108.5 ± 37.6 90.2 ± 29.4 < 0.001
Triglycerides (mg/dl) 176.0 ± 117.9 132.0 ± 81.8 < 0.001
Total cholesterol (mg/dl) 185.7 ± 52.8 177.5 ± 38.9 0.118
High Density Lipoprotein–Cholesterol (mg/dl) 41.9 ± 16.1 47.7 ± 10.5 0.001
Low Density Lipoprotein–Cholesterol(mg/dl) 120.9 ± 41.6 104.0 ± 31.9 < 0.001
Physical activity (MET(hour/week)) 31.0 ± 3.2 34.2 ± 3.1 < 0.001
Alanine aminotransferase (U/L) 55.71 ± 8.27 20.49 ± 7.59 < 0.001
Aspartate aminotransferase (U/L) 33.86 ± 23.69 22.14 ± 7.72 < 0.001
Current alcohol usage (%) 12.8 9.1 0.07
Current smoking (%) 89.7 18.8 < 0.001
Diabetes (%) 16.6 6.8 < 0.001
Energy (Kcal/d) 2757 ± 961.1 2804 ± 840.7 0.499
Protein (% of energy) 15.8 ± 2.9 14.1 ± 2.3 < 0.001
Carbohydrate (% of energy) 58.2 ± 6.3 59.8 ± 13.3 0.014
Fat (% of energy) 29.2 ± 5.3 33.8 ± 5.7 < 0.001
Total dietary fiber (g/d) 46.29 ± 19.07 55.69 ± 46.11 0.08
Magnesium (mg/d) 484 ± 155 509 ± 173 0.09
Calcium (mg/d) 1389 ± 458 1114 ± 390 < 0.001
Calcium to Magnesium ratio 2.79 ± 0.68 2.34 ± 0.57 < 0.001
  1. Quantitative data are presented as mean ± SD and qualitative data reported as percent
  2. *Independent sample t-test and chi-square or Fisher exact test for quantitative and qualitative parameters, respectively