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Table 2 Factors associated with statin prescription among statin-eligible patients with type 2 diabetes at a specialised Diabetes clinic in Gaborone (N = 477)

From: Statin prescription among patients with type 2 diabetes in Botswana: findings and implications

CharacteristicsStatin not prescribed (n = 260)Statin prescribed (n = 217)P-value
Sex
 Males, n (%)92(35.4)68(31.3)0.351
 Female, n (%)168(64.6)149(68.7)
Diabetes duration, median, IQR, years6(2–12)8.9(4–15)< 0.001
 Duration ≤10 years179(68.9)134(61.8)0.104
 Diabetes duration > 10 years81(31.1)83(38.2)
Age, mean (SD), years59.2(10.8)61.5(10.7)0.018
 Age ≤ 40 years, n (%)12(4.6)4(1.8)< 0.094
 Age > 40 years n (%)248(95.4)213(98.2)
Marital status
 Living alone n (%)135(51.9)112(51.6)0.946
 Living with a partner n (%)125(48.1)105 (48.4)
Education status
  ≤ Primary education, n (%)166(63.9)140(64.2)0.879
  ≥ Secondary or tertiary, n (%)94(36.1)77(35.8)
Hypertension n (%)212(81.5)192 (88.5)0.036
Antihypertensive use n (%)203(78.1)186(85.7)0.032
Smoking13(5.0)3(1.4)0.029
CVD, n (%)20(7.7)22(10.1)0.538
 PAD, n (%)7(2.7)4(1.8)0.625
 Coronary artery disease n (%)6(2.3)6(2.8)0.751
 Cerebrovascular diseases n (%)9(3.5)13(6.0)0.190
BMI, mean (SD) kg/m230.3(5.7)31.2(6.2)0.113
 Normal weight n (%)50(19.2)35(16.1)0.669
 Overweight n (%)79(30.4)67(30.9)
 Obese n (%)135(47.9)115(52.8)
WHR, mean (SD)0.94(0.08)0.95(0.10)0.106
 Low WHR n (%)46(17.7)33(15.2)0.467
 High WHR n (%)214(82.3)184(84.8)
CKD, n (%)20(7.7)34 (15.7)0.006
Proteinuria, n (%)30 (11.5)21(9.7)0.512
HbA1c mean (SD), %8.4(2.6)8.4(2.2)0.948
Baseline LDL-C mean (SD), mmol/L2.9(0.9)3.3(1.4)0.003
 Normal177(68.1)120(55.3)< 0.001
 High17(6.5)42(19.4)
 Missing66(25.4)55(25.3) 
  1. Legend: BMI body mass index, CKD chronic kidney disease, CVD cardiovascular disease, HbA1c haemoglobin A1c, IQR interquartile range, LDL-C low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, PAD peripheral artery disease, SD standard deviation, WHR waist-hip ratio