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Table 3 Characteristic of the included studies on the prevalence of high level lipid profile, high glycemic indices and hypertension

From: Global prevalence of cardiometabolic risk factors in the military population: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Author, yearCountryStudy typeStudy yearStudy populationSamplingSample sizeMean age/ RangeOutcomeDefinition/CriteriaPrevalence%
(95% CI)
Payab, 2017 [13],IranC/S2015MilitaryConvenience220037.73HTNSBP ≥130 mmHg or
DBP ≥85 mmHg
2.6
(1.98–3.37)
Gasier, 2016 [20],USCNot providedObese Navy
(Submariners)
Convenience5329Insulin resistantHOMA> 2.7330.0
(18.7–44.5)
Baygi, 2016 [21],IranC/S2015SefarersConvenience23436High TGTG ≥150 mg/dl25.2
(20.3–31.8)
26.5
(21.1–32.7)
26.5
(21.1–32.7)
28.2
(22.6–34.5)
19.2
(14.5–25.0)
23.1
(17.9–29.11)
Low HDLHDL < 40 mg/dl
High LDLLDL.130 mg/dl
High TCTC ≥ 200 mg/dl
HTNSBP ≥130 mmHg or DBP ≥85 mmHg
High FBSFBS > 100 mg/dl
Rhee, 2015 [23],KoreaC/S2014Military aviatorsConvenience91124–49High BP
Impaired glucose
High TG
Low HDL
SBP ≥130 mmHg or
DBP ≥85 mmHg
FBS ≥ 100 mg/dl
TG ≥150 mg/dl
HDL < 40 mg/dl
31.7
(28.7–34.9)
19.0
(16.5–21.7)
16.6
(14.2–19.1)
7.9
(6.3–9.9)
Filho, 2014 [9],BrazilC/S2012MilitaryConvenience45245.8HTNSBP ≥130 mmHg or55.8
(51.0–60.4)
50.9
(46.2–55.6)
30.5
(26.4–35.0)
30.5
(26.4–35.0)
High TGDBP ≥85 mmHgTG
Low HDL≥150 mg/dl
High FBSHDL < 40 mg/dl FBS > 100 mg/dl
Scovill, 2012 [31],USC/SNot providedMarinerConvenience38844HTNSBP ≥130 mmHg or42.0
(37.1–47.1)
42.0
(37.1–47.1)
47.0
(41.8–52.0)
22.0
(17.9–26.4)
High TGDBP ≥85 mmHg
Low HDLTG ≥150 mg/dl
High FBSHDL < 40 mg/dl
LDL > 130 mg/dlFBS ≥ 100 mg/dl
Pasiakos, 2012 [32],USLNot providedArmyConvenience20921High TC
High TG
Low HDL
High LDL
High FBS
TC ≥ 200 mg/dl
TG ≥150 mg/dl
HDL < 40 mg/dl
LDL > 130 mg/dl
FBS > 100 mg/dl
8.0
(4.9–12.9)
5.0
(2.4–8.9)
33.0
(26.8–39.9)
39.0
(32.2–45.7)
8.0
(4.9–12.9)
Costa, 2011 [36],BrazilC/S2008NavyConvenience138330.7Low HDL
HTN
High TG
High FBS
HDL < 40 mg/dl
SBP ≥130 mmHg or
DBP ≥85 mmHg
TG ≥150 mg/dl
FBS ≥ 100 mg/dl
43.0
(40.4–45.7)
26.3
(24.0–28.7)
19.3
(17.3–21.5)
6.6
(5.4–8.0)
Mullie, 2010 [37],BelgiumC/S2007ArmyRandom97444.0High TCTC ≥ 190 mg/dl65.0
(61.7–67.9)
Wenzel, 2009 [38],BrazilC/S2000Military
Air force
Convenience38019–49HTNSBP ≥140 mmHg or
DBP ≥90 mmHg
22.0
(18.1–26.7)
Saely, 2009 [39],SwitzerlandC2004ArmyConvenience56,78419.7Pre-HTN
HTN
High TC
120 ≤ SBP < 139 mmHg
SBP ≥140 mmHg or
DBP ≥90 mmHg
TC ≥ 190 mg/dl
61.4
(61.0–61.8)
26.8
(26.4–27.2)
7.8
(7.6–8.0)
Smoley, 2008 [41],USC/S2004Service membersConvenience15,39127.8Pre HTN
HTN
120 ≤ SBP < 139 mmHg or
80 ≤ DBP < 89 mmHg
SBP ≥140 mmHg or
DBP ≥90 mmHg
63.0
(62.2–63.7)
11.0
(105–11.5)
Napradit, 2007 [42],ThailandC/S2005ArmyConvenience427641.5HTNSBP ≥140 mmHg or
DBP ≥90 mmHg
34.5
(33.1–35.9)
Khazale, 2007 [43],JordanC2006Air forceConvenience11132.5High SBP
High DBP
High TC
Low HDL
High FBS
SBP > 130 mmHg
DBP > 85 mmHg
TC ≥ 150 mg/dl
HDL < 40 mg/dl
FBS > 100 mg/dl
9.6
(4.6–16.3)
23.1
(13.8–29.6)
52.2
(42.6–61.7)
38.7
(29.7–48.5)
9.6
(4.6–16.3)
Vaicaitiene, 2006 [44],LithuaniaC/SNot providedMilitaryRandom20025–54High TCTC ≥ 240 mg/dl43.4
(36.5–50.6)
Al-Qahtani, 2005 [47],Saudi ArabiaC/S2004SoldiersConvenience107920–60High TG
High BP
TG ≥150 mg/dl
SBP > 130 mmHg
DBP > 85 mmHg
32.2
(29.4–35.5)
29.5
(26.8–32.3)
Athyros, 2005 [48],GreeceC/S2003MilitaryConvenience30037.0High FBS
High TG
Low HDL
Impaired Glucose
FBS > 100 mg/dl
TG ≥150 mg/dl
HDL < 40 mg/dl
FBS > 100 mg/dl
4.0
(2.2–7.1)
25.0
(20.3–30.4)
9.4
(6.4–13.3)
3.0
(1.5–5.8)
1.0
(0.3–3.1)
Bauduceau, 2005 [49],FranceC/S2003MilitaryConvenience204538.6HTN
High TG
Low HDL
High FBS
SBP > 130 mmHg
or DBP > 85 mmHg
TG ≥150 mg/dl
HDL < 40 mg/dl
FBS > 100 mg/dl
51.0
(48.7–53.1)
17.0
(15.4–18.7)
9.6
(8.4–10.9)
5.0
(4.1–6.0)
  1. C/S: Cross-sectional; C: Cohort; L: Longitudinal; ATPIII: Adult Treatment Panel III; IDF: International Diabetes Federation; WHO: World Health Organization; FBS, fasting blood sugar; TC, total cholesterol; TG, triglycerides; LDL-C, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol; HDL-C, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; BP, blood pressure; SBP: Systolic blood pressure; DBP: Diastolic blood pressure; HTN: Hypertension; HOMA: Homeostasis model assessment