Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Characteristic of the included studies on the prevalence of overweight, obesity and abdominal obesity

From: Global prevalence of cardiometabolic risk factors in the military population: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Author, yearCountryStudy typeStudy yearStudy populationSamplingSample sizeMean age/ RangeOutcomeDefinition/CriteriaPrevalence%
(95% CI)
Payab, 2017 [13],IranC/S2015MilitaryConvenience220037.73Overweight
Obesity
Abdominal Obesity
25.9 ≤ BMI < 29.9 kg/m2
BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2
WC > 90 cm
47.59
(45.4–49.7)
15.05
(13.6–16.6)
45.4
(43.3–47.5)
Rush, 2016 [19],USC/S2001MilitaryRandomly77,04742Overweight
Obesity
25 ≤ BMI < 29.9 kg/m2
BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2
51.0
(50.6–51.3)
23.0
(22.7–23.3)
Gasier, 2016 [20],USCNot providedNavy
(Submariners)
Convenience5329BF%
Overweight
Obesity
BF ≥ 25%27.0
(15.7–40.6)
25 ≤ BMI < 29.9 kg/m26.0
(1.5–16.6)
BMI ≥ 30 kg/m262.0
(47.8–74.9)
Baygi, 2016 [21],IranC/S2015SefarersConvenience23436Abdominal obesity
Excess weight
WC > 95 cm38.5
(32.3–45.0)
BMI > 25 kg/m251.1
(44.7–57.8)
Fajfrova,2016 [22],Czech RepublicC/S Armed ForcesConvenience69,96240Overweight
Obesity
51.5
(51.0–52.0)
14.0
(13.7–14.2)
Rhee, 2015 [23],KoreaC/S2014Military aviatorsConvenience91124–49Abdominal obesityWC > 90 cm25.3
(22.5–28.2)
Reyes-Guzman, 2015 [24],USC/S2008MilitaryRandomly90,90525–46Overweight
Obesity
25 ≤ BMI < 29.9 kg/m247.8
(47.4–48.3)
BMI ≥ 30 kg/m29.6
(9.4–9.7)
Lennon, 2015 [25],USC/S2012SailorConvenience313,51317–50ObesityBMI > 30 kg/m213.6
(13.4–13.7)
Hruby, 2015 [26],USC/S2012ArmyConvenience1,703,15020–40Overweight
Obesity
25 ≤ BMI < 30 kg/m2
BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2
33.6
(33.5–33.6)
8.2
(8.1–8.2)
BinHoraib, 2013 [15],Saudi ArabiaC/S2009MilitaryMulti-stage stratified random10,22934.1Overweight
Obesity
Abdominal obesity
25 ≤ BMI < 30 kg/m240.9
(39.9–40.7)
BMI ≥ 30 kg/m229.0
(28.1–29.9)
WC > 90 cm42.4
(41.4–43.3)
Binkowska-Bury, 2013 [28],PolandC/S2010MilitaryConvenience37,91619Overweight
Obesity
25 ≤ BMI < 29.9 kg/m212.6
(12.2–12.9)
BMI ≥ 30 kg/m23.0
(2.8–3.1)
Marion,2012 [29],USC/S2008NavyConvenience26,34126.5ObesityBMI ≥ 30 kg/m215.9
(15.4–16.3)
Smith, 2012 [30],USNot provided2005MilitaryConvenience28,60217–40Excess weightBMI ≥ 25 kg/m258.9
(58.3–59.4)
Scovill, 2012 [31],USC/SNot providedMarinerConvenience38844ObesityBMI ≥ 30 kg/m261.0
(56.0–65.9)
Pasiakos, 2012 [32],USLNot providedArmyConvenience20921ObesityBMI ≥ 30 kg/m214.0
(9.6–19.5)
Sundin, 2011 [34],UKNot provided2006Armed ForcesStratified Random SamplingT:2470
M:2148
F:311
28.3Overweight
T
M
F
Obesity
T
M
F
25 ≤ BMI < 30 kg/m229.6
(27.7–31.4)
BMI ≥ 30 kg/m230.5%
(28.6–32.5)
27.1%
(22.2–32.3)
13.5
(12.2–14.9)
13.5%
(12.1–15.0)
13.5%
(10.0–17.9)
Hansen, 2011 [35],DenmarkNot provided2010SeafarersConvenience210118–64Overweight25 ≤ BMI < 30 kg/m266.0
(36.9–67.9)
Costa, 2011 [36],BrazilC/S2008NavyConvenience138330.7Abdominal obesityWC ≥ 90 cm35.0
(32.5–37.6)
Mullie, 2010 [37],BelgiumC/S2007ArmyRandom97444.0ObesityBMI ≥ 30 kg/m215.2
(13.3–17.9)
Wenzel, 2009 [38],BrazilC/S2000Military
Air force
Convenience38019–49Overweight
Obesity
25 ≤ BMI < 30 kg/m236.0
(31.3–41.1)
BMI ≥ 30 kg/m28.0
(5.5–11.2)
Saely, 2009 [39],SwitzerlandC2004ArmyConvenience56,78419.7Overweight
Obesity
25 ≤ BMI < 30 kg/m216.8
(16.5–17.1)
BMI ≥ 30 kg/m24.1
(3.9–4.2)
Mullie, 2008 [40],BelgiumC/S1992–2005ArmyConvenience43,34320–59Overweight
Obesity
25 ≤ BMI < 30 kg/m2
BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2
34.9
(34.4–35.3)
3.5
(3.3–3.6)
Napradit, 2007 [42],ThailandC/S2005ArmyConvenience427641.5Overweight
Obesity
25 ≤ BMI < 30 kg/m2
BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2
27.1
(25.7–28.4)
4.9
(4.3–5.6)
Khazale, 2007 [43],JordanC2006Air forceConvenience11132.5Abdominal obesityWC > 102 cm9.3
(4.6–16.3)
Hoeyer, 2005 [45],DenmarkNot providedNot providedSeafarersConvenience125716–66Overweight
Obesity
25 ≤ BMI < 30 kg/m217.1
(15.1–19.2)
BMI ≥ 30 kg/m25.8
(4.6–7.3)
Al-Qahtani, 2005 [46],Saudi ArabiaC/S2004SoldiersConvenience104936.1Overweight
Obesity
25 ≤ BMI < 30 kg/m237.5
(34.5–40.4)
BMI ≥ 30 kg/31.6
(28.7–34.4)
Al-Qahtani, 2005 [47],Saudi ArabiaC/S2004SoldiersConvenience107920–60Abdominal ObesityWC > 102 cm33.1
(30.3–36.0)
Athyros, 2005 [48],GreeceC/S2003MilitaryConvenience30037.0Abdominal ObesityWC > 102 cm13.7
(10.1–18.2)
Bauduceau, 2005 [49],FranceC/S2003MilitaryConvenience204538.6Abdominal obesityWC > 102 cm17.0
(15.4–18.7)
Mazokopakis, 2004 [50],GreeceC/S1998Warship personnelConvenience27424.4Overweight
Obesity
25 ≤ BMI < 29.9 kg/m226.5
(21.2–31.9)
BMI ≥ 30 kg/m24.7
(2.6–8.1)
Lindquist, 2001 [51],USC/S1995–1998MilitaryConvenience33,45720–35OverweightBMI ≥ 25 kg/m252.0
(51.4–52.5)
  1. C/S: Cross-sectional; L: Longitudinal; BF: Body Fat; BMI: Body Mass Index; ATPIII: Adult Treatment Panel III; IDF: International Diabetes Federation; WC: Waist circumferences; F: Female; M: Male; T: Total