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Table 2 Association between T2D and walkability

From: Walkability and its association with prevalent and incident diabetes among adults in different regions of Germany: results of pooled data from five German cohorts

 Sensitivity analysis
 Prevalent T2D
(N = 16,008)
Incident T2D
(N = 12,105)
Incident T2D non-movers
(N = 5901)
Incident T2D age ≥ 30 years at baseline (N = 11,416)
 RR95% CIRR95% CIRR95% CIRR95% CI
Impedance
 Crude1.020.97, 1.081.000.94, 1.050.990.92, 1.071.000.95, 1.07
 Adjusted1.030.97, 1.091.000.94, 1.061.020.95, 1.110.990.93, 1.06
Transit stations
 Crude1.050.99, 1.101.071.01, 1.131.091.00, 1.171.050.99, 1.11
 Adjusted1.030.97, 1.101.050.98, 1.131.050.97, 1.151.060.98, 1.14
Points of interest
 Crude1.040.99, 1.091.060.99, 1.121.020.95, 1.101.050.99, 1.11
 Adjusted1.050.99, 1.111.010.95, 1.080.980.91, 1.071.010.95, 1.08
  1. Adjusted models are controlled for sex, age at baseline, education, and cohort. T2D Type 2 diabetes, RR Relative risk, CI Confidence interval. RR are from modified Poisson regression models and reported per 1 standard deviation of walkability measures. RR over 1 indicate higher risk of T2D in areas with more transit stations and POI (indicators of better walkability). RR over 1 indicate higher risk of T2D in areas with higher impedance (indicator of poorer walkability)
  2. For prevalent T2D analysis (N = 16,008): standard deviation (SD) impedance: 291.3, POI: 4.8, transit stations: 4.4
  3. For incident T2D analysis (N = 12,105): SD impedance: 286.8, POI: 7.1, transit stations: 5.3
  4. For incident T2D non-movers (N = 5901) SD impedance = 284.6, POI: 6.7, transit stations: 4.9
  5. For incident T2D age ≥ 30 years at baseline (N = 11,416) SD impedance: 282.5, POI: 7.5, transit stations: 4.1