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Table 1 Characteristics of participants

From: Walkability and its association with prevalent and incident diabetes among adults in different regions of Germany: results of pooled data from five German cohorts

 Sample for examining prevalent T2D
(N = 16,008)
Sample for examining incident T2D
(N = 12,105)
Prevalent T2D at baseline
(N = 1256)
No T2D at baseline
(N = 14,752)
Incident T2D during follow-up
(N = 1032)
No T2D during follow-up
(N = 11,073)
Malen (%)707 (56.3)7231 (49.0)588 (57.0)5271 (47.6)
Age at baselineMean (SD)63.9 (9.8)53.5 (13.9)59.0 (9.9)52.9 (13.4)
Education (years)
 9–10n (%)260 (20.7)1598 (10.8)112 (10.9)1012 (9.1)
 12–13n (%)613 (48.8)7722 (52.3)575 (55.7)5731 (51.8)
 14–17n (%)218 (17.4)2786 (18.9)189 (18.3)2168 (19.6)
  ≥ 18n (%)165 (13.1)2646 (17.9)156 (15.1)2162 (19.5)
Walkability measures
 ImpedanceMean (SD)1623.9 (307.4)1616.1 (289.9)1615.3 (267.1)1616.5 (288.6)
 Transit stationsMedian (Q1-Q3)4.6 (2.7–6.9)4.3 (2.3–6.9)4.7 (2.5–7.1)4.3 (2.4–6.9)
 Points of interestMedian (Q1-Q3)5.0 (2.3–10.1)4.8 (2.1–9.5)5.3 (2.6–9.8)4.8 (2.2–9.0)
Risk factors for T2D
Practicing sports
 More than 2 h/weekn (%)196 (15.7)3470 (23.7)200 (19.5)2804 (25.5)
 1–2 h/weekn (%)144 (11.5)2767 (18.8)156 (15.2)2169 (19.7)
 Less than 1 h/weekn (%)97 (7.7)1673 (11.4)111 (10.8)1257 (11.4)
 No sportsn (%)814 (65.1)6758 (46.1)560 (54.5)4783 (43.4)
 BMI at baselineMean (SD), n30.5 (5.3), 125227.3 (4.6), 14,68430.6 (4.8), 102427.0 (4.4), 11,042
  1. T2D Type 2 diabetes, SD Standard deviation, Q Quartile, BMI Body mass index