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Table 2 Descriptive characteristics of parents and children of families participated in the second-stage screening by region

From: Two-stage, school and community-based population screening successfully identifies individuals and families at high-risk for type 2 diabetes: the Feel4Diabetes-study

 Total sampleHICs under austerity measuresLMICsHICsP-value*
Parents(n = 2849)(n = 1385)(n = 624)(n = 840) 
 Age (years)41.1 (5.56)42.4 (5.32)a,b39.6 (5.40)a40.1 (5.60)b< 0.001
 Females, n (%)1875 (65.8)837 (60.4)a,b464 (74.4)a574 (68.3)b< 0.001
Occupation, n (%)
 Work full- time1875 (65.8)885 (63.9)a445 (71.3)a,b545 (64.8)b< 0.001
 Work part- time335 (11.7)154 (11.1)a,b41 (6.5)b,c140 (16.7)a,c 
 Stay at home parent345 (12.1)203 (14.7)a83 (13.3)b59 (7.0)a,b 
 Unemployed139 (4.9)112 (8.1)a,b8 (1.3)a19 (2.3)b 
 Full-time education31 (1.1)4 (0.3)a,b8 (1.3)a19 (2.3)b 
 Other**124 (4.4)27 (1.9)a,b39 (6.3)a58 (6.9)b 
Educational level, n (%)
  < 12 years673 (23.6)373 (26.9)a160 (25.6)b140 (16.7)a,b< 0.001
  ≥ 12 years2176 (76.4)1012 (73.1)a464 (74.4)b700 (83.3)a,b 
Weight status, n (%)
 Overweight1006 (35.3)506 (36.5)a185 (29.6)a,b315 (37.5)b< 0.001
 Obese1045 (36.7)550 (39.7)a203 (32.6)a292 (34.8) 
Children(n = 2711)(n = 1089)(n = 753)(n = 869) 
 Age (years)8.16 (1.02)7.80 (0.93)a,b8.43 (1.00)a8.36 (1.00)b< 0.001
 Females, n (%)1385 (51.1)549 (50.4)393 (52.2)443 (51.0)0.752
  1. Data are means (SD) except where noted otherwise
  2. *P-values indicate the significance of the differences among regions
  3. Figures sharing the same superscript letters differentiate significantly from each other
  4. **Other includes “retired” and “something else”
  5. HICs High-income countries, LMICs Low to middle-income countries