| Total sample | HICs under austerity measures | LMICs | HICs | *P-*value* |
---|

Parents | (*n* = 2849) | (*n* = 1385) | (*n* = 624) | (*n* = 840) | |

Age (years) | 41.1 (5.56) | 42.4 (5.32)^{a,b} | 39.6 (5.40)^{a} | 40.1 (5.60)^{b} | < 0.001 |

Females, n (%) | 1875 (65.8) | 837 (60.4)^{a,b} | 464 (74.4)^{a} | 574 (68.3)^{b} | < 0.001 |

Occupation, n (%) |

Work full- time | 1875 (65.8) | 885 (63.9)^{a} | 445 (71.3)^{a,b} | 545 (64.8)^{b} | < 0.001 |

Work part- time | 335 (11.7) | 154 (11.1)^{a,b} | 41 (6.5)^{b,c} | 140 (16.7)^{a,c} | |

Stay at home parent | 345 (12.1) | 203 (14.7)^{a} | 83 (13.3)^{b} | 59 (7.0)^{a,b} | |

Unemployed | 139 (4.9) | 112 (8.1)^{a,b} | 8 (1.3)^{a} | 19 (2.3)^{b} | |

Full-time education | 31 (1.1) | 4 (0.3)^{a,b} | 8 (1.3)^{a} | 19 (2.3)^{b} | |

Other** | 124 (4.4) | 27 (1.9)^{a,b} | 39 (6.3)^{a} | 58 (6.9)^{b} | |

Educational level, n (%) |

< 12 years | 673 (23.6) | 373 (26.9)^{a} | 160 (25.6)^{b} | 140 (16.7)^{a,b} | < 0.001 |

≥ 12 years | 2176 (76.4) | 1012 (73.1)^{a} | 464 (74.4)^{b} | 700 (83.3)^{a,b} | |

Weight status, n (%) |

Overweight | 1006 (35.3) | 506 (36.5)^{a} | 185 (29.6)^{a,b} | 315 (37.5)^{b} | < 0.001 |

Obese | 1045 (36.7) | 550 (39.7)^{a} | 203 (32.6)^{a} | 292 (34.8) | |

Children | (*n* = 2711) | (*n* = 1089) | (*n* = 753) | (*n* = 869) | |

Age (years) | 8.16 (1.02) | 7.80 (0.93)^{a,b} | 8.43 (1.00)^{a} | 8.36 (1.00)^{b} | < 0.001 |

Females, n (%) | 1385 (51.1) | 549 (50.4) | 393 (52.2) | 443 (51.0) | 0.752 |

- Data are means (SD) except where noted otherwise
^{*}*P*-values indicate the significance of the differences among regions- Figures sharing the same superscript letters differentiate significantly from each other
^{**}Other includes “retired” and “something else”*HICs* High-income countries, *LMICs* Low to middle-income countries