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Table 1 Clinical and laboratory characteristics of the study population

From: The role of the adipocytokines vaspin and visfatin in vascular endothelial function and insulin resistance in obese children

CharacteristicLean (N = 80)Obese (N = 160)
Age (y)10.31 ± 2.4511.03 ± 2.76
BMI (kg/m2)17.35 ± 2.0528.26 ± 3.84b
SDS-BMI0.42 ± 0.782.85 ± 0.92b
Weight (kg)38.65 ± 7.2660.03 ± 12.26b
Height (m)1.48 ± 0.321.52 ± 0.28
WHtR0.42 ± 0.210.65 ± 0.26b
WC (cm)63.45 ± 7.0693.56 ± 11.28b
WHR0.79 ± 0.060.96 ± 0.07b
SBP (mm Hg)92.2 ± 5.6108.6 ± 12.7b
DBP (mm Hg)76.5 ± 3.680.8 ± 4.5a
SDS-SBP1.49 ± 0.831.91 ± 0.92b
SDS-DBP0.93 ± 0.411.22 ± 0.73b
FPG (mmol/L)4.36 ± 0.825.13 ± 0.63
2-h PG (mmol/L)6.08 ± 1.036.83 ± 1.27
Insulin (lU/mL)12.0 ± 2.915.8 ± 4.9 a
2-h Insulin (lU/mL)73.5 ± 8.579.1 ± 11.2 a
HOMA-IR2.63 (1.56, 4.38)3.29 (2.21, 5.69)a
TC (mmol/L)3.94 ± 0.633.89 ± 0.55
TGs (mmol/L)1.05 ± 0.311.43 ± 0.62a
HDL-C (mmol/L)1.41 ± 0.461.39 ± 0.35
LDL-C (mmol/L)2.31 ± 0.932.46 ± 1.01a
Adiponectin (μg/mL)11.28 ± 1.536.38 ± 0.96b
Obestatin (pg/mL)236.32 ± 30.54135.04 ± 24.36b
Vaspin (μg/mL)4.87 ± 0.9310.81 ± 1.07b
Visfatin (μg/mL)36.54 ± 9.3173.60 ± 14.86b
hsCRP (ng/mL)1086.58 ± 165.611423.05 ± 221.36b
IL-6 (pg/mL)18.34 ± 4.2932.42 ± 6.71b
TNF-α (ng/mL)25.16 ± 5.3450.24 ± 13.43b
ICAM-1 (μg/mL)6.21 ± 1.1411.36 ± 1.56b
VCAM-1 (μg/mL)153.49 ± 22.53251.34 ± 38.57b
Ang-2 (pg/mL)83.56 ± 10.28121.38 ± 16.58b
E-selectin (ng/mL)15.36 ± 3.5932.53 ± 9.05b
  1. Abbreviations: BMI, Body mass index; SDS-BMI, BMI s.d. score; WHtR, Waist-height ratio; VAI, Visceral adiposity index; ABSI, A body shape index; WC, waist circumference; WHR, Waist-to-hip ratio; SBP, Systolic blood pressure; DBP, Diastolic blood pressure; SDS-SBP, SBP s.d. score; SDS-DBP, DBP s.d. score; FPG, Fasting plasma glucose; HDL-C, High-density lipoprotein cholesterol; HOMA-IR, Homoeostasis model of insulin resistance; LDL-C, Low-density lipoprotein; TC, Total cholesterol; TGs, Triglycerides; TNF-α, Tumour necrosis factor-α; hsCRP, High-sensitivity C-reactive protein; ICAM-1, Intercellular adhesion molecule-1; IMT, Intima-media thickness; VCAM-1, Vascular cell adhesion molecule-1; Ang-2, angiotensin-2
  2. Data are expressed as the mean ± s.d. or median (25th percentile, 75th percentile). aP < 0.05; bP < 0.01 compared with obese children